Category Archives: Turkish Invasion

Memorial to the Kythrea dead

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Κυθρεωτών (Χύτρων) (5)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων Κυθρεωτών (Χύτρων) (12)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos

Location: Cultural Athletic union of Kythrea (PAOK) premises, Stavrou Avenue, Strovolos. Nicosia district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the cultural Athletic union of Kythrea (PAOK) and the unveiling took place on May 2nd 2010. Kythrea community is located in the occupied area but continues to elect its authorities in the free part of the island, as all occupied municipalities and communities still do on a regular basis.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/3, document April 18, 2002.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead sailors 1964-1974

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Limassol promenade. Limassol district.

Material: Brass

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion, International relations

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Hellenic Navy. It is dedicated to the contribution of the navy during the inter-communal conflicts and the Turkish invasion in Cyprus. The unveiling took place on June 29th 1994.

Keywords:

Efrosyni Proestou (Ευφροσύνη Προεστού) bust

Ευφροσύνη Προεστού (1)n Ευφροσύνη Προεστού (5)n

Artist: Charis Evaggelou 

Location: Markos Drakos Street, Ledra Pallas barricade, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze

Dimensions: 136 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm 

Category: Turkish Invasion, Cypriot Women 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Efrosyni Proestou was also called “The Lady of Lapithos”, because of her daring decision to hide (and thus save) twelve Greek Cypriot soldiers. They found a shelter close to her house in Lapithos village for a whole month, during and after the Turkish invasion. Proestou was imprisoned and risked the death penalty for her action.

In the Greek traditional family and society, calling a woman “Kyrá” (lady) is a title of honor which insinuates moral value and implies deeds complying with the patriarchal perception of women’s identities. 

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Lapithos Municipality, the “Lapithos” Refugee Association  and the twelve soldiers. The latter covered the total cost. Lapithos is in the occupied part of Cyprus, but still elects its authorities in the Greek Cypriot, southern part, as all occupied municipalities and communities do. The unveiling of the memorial took place on September 25th 2002.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), September 24, 2002, p. 4.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/3, document April 14, 2002.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/7, document July 8, 2004.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/20, Meetings Minutes November 19, 1999; January 19, 2000. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.10, documents September 27, 1999; November 2, 1999. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.11, document April 4, 2000; Meetings Minutes March 31, 2000; April 6, 2000. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.12, documents March 13, 2001; December 17, 2001; April 10, 2002; Meetings Minutes June 21, 2000; April 8, 2002.

Κeywords:

Liberty Monument

Μνημείο ΠεσόντωνΕ (2)n Μνημείο ΠεσόντωνΕ (15)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Agios Pavlos church, Agios Pavlos area, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Dimensions: 2.70 meters

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Turkish Invasion, Ancient Greek and Byzantine legacy

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1992 by the “Markos Drakos” association and initially it was dedicated to all dead and missing from Agios Pavlos and Agios Dometios areas. In 1996 a decision was taken for a liberty statue to complete the commemoration. Donators of the statue, among others, have been the Archbishopric of Cyprus, Agios Dometios Municipality, Agios Dometios Cooperative Savings Bank, the Ministry of Education and Culture, the Ministry of Interior Affairs, and Kykkos Monastery. The unveiling took place on May 2nd 1999. 

Goddess Athena stands motionless on her pedestal. A strong neck supports her head, and her facial traits (identical to those of Koili village bust, Pafos district) appear more masculine than feminine, despite her long hair and the female hidden curves emerging beneath the heavy long chiton. In spite of using the most well-known hallmark of the goddess Athena (her helmet) the statue is explicitly identified as Liberty. In addition to that, the placement of the laurel wreath on Athena’s helmet is not a familiar aesthetic formulation or visual symbolism for the goddess, but a direct way to highlight her subsequent association with heroic endeavor. An embossed letter K on her shield allows further connotations and associations. 

 The inscription on the low pedestal under her feet declares explicitly the devotion of the fighters to motherland: “Using our soul as a shield we safeguard the Greek soil, faithful to the oath for the motherland” (Με την ασπίδα της ψυχής μας εδώ φυλάγομε το ελληνικό μας χώμα πιστοί στον όρκο της πατρίδας). A saying of Odysseus Elytis on the right hand side of the pedestal elaborates the previous inscription “We believed in our steps. We experienced our steps. We called our steps worthy” (Πιστέψαμε στα βήματά μας / ζήσαμε τα βήματά μας / είπαμε τα βήματά μας άξια).

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/14, documents October 27, 1995; March 20, 1996; November 20, 1996; November 25, 1996.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, document March 31, 1999.

Keywords:

Memorial to the 3rd Company of 211 Infantry Battalion (211 ΤΠ) dead and missing

3ος λόχος 211 ΤΠ Καϊμακλί (3)n

Artist: Nikos Kouroussis

Location: Saint Varvara church, Kaimakli area, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Material: Granite and stainless steel

Dimensions: 2.20 meters x 50 cm x 50 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the association of the 3rd Company of 211 Infantry Battalion and the unveiling took place on April 9th 2011.

In contrast to the norm Kouroussis chose an abstract, but symbolic, form for the commemoration. The spiral arrangement of the granite layers adds motion and lightness to the column. Spiral motives throughout civilizations and art history have very distinct and shared symbolisms: The upward, coil motion symbolizes evolution, continuity, the power of life and the concept of endless time. On the other hand, in this case, the end form alludes to the DNA graphic pattern which is a very concrete symbol of biological evolution in time. Shedding all superficial, narrative and destructive visual elements which usually accompany memorials and war memorials in particular, Kouroussis captured the power and the essence of time, life and memory in a simple and minimal form.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/10, documents September 11, 2005; October 7, 2005.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/12, Meeting Minutes June 15, 2006.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.17 document June 6, 2006; Meeting Minutes June 15, 2006.

Κeywords:

The Resolution

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Ψήφισμα Λήδρας (3)n

Artist: Theodoulos Gregoriou 

Location: Border crossing on Ledras pedestrian, Nicosia. Nicosia district.

Material: Cement and aluminum 

Dimensions: 4.20 meters the diameter x 6 meters in height

Category: Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the artwork was taken in 1992 by the Nicosia Municipality. The Ministry of Education and Culture ran a competition in April and May 1995. Theodoulos Gregoriou won and his work was donated to the Nicosia Municipality by the Cultural Services of the Ministry of Education and Culture on the occasion of the European Cultural Month.

In October 1995 the artwork was placed in front of the National Guard border crossing post at the end of Ledras street. Gregoriou’ work is only meters before the Green Line that divides Nicosia since 1963. 

“The Resolution” is a protest to the violation of human rights. On the round cement basis of approximately a meter in height, part of the text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is written in embossed Greek letters. A stack of steel lances diagonally arranged hit the center of the text, symbolically destroying it.

Theodoulos Gregoriou is a renowned contemporary artist with important presence in the international art scene. Because of the proximity to the crossing point his choice was based on the thought that the artwork should insinuate its meaning rather than aggressively state it. His aim was to capture the attention of those passing and engage them in a thought process. 

Selected sources: 
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), March 29, 1995, p. 2.
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), October 10, 1995, p. 2.
~ Μάχη (Mahi), August 20, 1995, p. 17. 
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 19, 1995, p. 4. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 11, 1995, p. 19. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.8, document December 30, 1992. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.18, document July 17, 2008.

Keywords:

Epaminondas Epaminonda (Επαμεινώνδας Επαμεινώνδα) bust

Προτομή Επαμεινώνδα Επαμεινώνδα (3)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Nikos Kazantzakis Street, Tseri. Nicosia district.

Dimensions: 131 cm (+24 cm the steps) x 50 cm x 50 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in 2003. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Latsia dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Λατσιών (8)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Λατσιών (9)n

Artist: Maro Bartzili 

Location: Latsia Town Hall, Yiannos Kranidiotis Avenue. Nicosia district 

Dimensions: 3 meters x 5 meters 

Material: Brass

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken by Latsia COOP Bank in early 2009 and the unveiling took place on December 20th 2009. The memorial is dedicated to those who died during the 1963-64 inter-communal conflicts and the Turkish invasion, and to the 1974 missing.

According to the art competition call: “The artist is required to express the concepts of heroism and the sacrificial spirit of the dead. At the same time an explicit hint to the missing needs to be obvious along with the hope for their return”. 

The wining artist Maro Bartzili proposed a modern synthesis where the distinct geometric elements balance with the human figure in a way that “intense lyricism and softness, motion and immobility coexist”. 

According to her proposal, the monument will invoke “the sacrifice, the strength and courage, along with the hero’s serenity confronting death or captivity [..] On the left hand side two figures, a female and a male, emerge from the material, symbolize the sacrifice, the loss and the wailing for the dead and missing […] The flower like shape they form is reminiscent of the bud that blooms, in the same way sacrifices come into fruition. In this way the two figures symbolize hope, too. The figure on the right hand side makes part of the geometric construction, becomes leverage, the driving force for all the claims for our missing people and their return”. 

The vertical geometric surface bears the names of the dead and missing and functions as a commemorative stele, too. The whole construction uses the wall of the Town Hall as a theatrical backdrop and, unlike most memorials, is placed lower than the ground level in a way that suggests emersion. 

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λατσιών (Latsia Municipality Archive), no 75.14:1/2, documents April 22, 2009; March 15, 2010; July 9, 2010.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λατσιών (Latsia Municipality Archive), no 75.14:1/1, documents January 15, 2004; April 11, 2007; July 22, 2008; Meeting minutes July 21, 2008.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (1)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (5)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (6)n OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Artist: Vasilis Kattos 

Location: Yiannos Kranidiotis Αvenue, Latsia. Nicosia district 

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

This memorial could define the epitome of the Cypriot mother’s identity. The memorial brings together the distillate of the national symbols constructing a concise visual narration of the Greek Cypriot identity. A hexagonal marble pedestal mounted on a low base and delimited by an equal number of Doric-like columns carries four massive Cypriot women who share the weight of an extra size bronze torch on their backs. The women, all in typical peasant dresses, struggle under the weight of the torch, striving to balance it and safeguard its flame. The six metopes between the Doric-like columns are decorated with low reliefs capturing iconic images of the Cypriot tragedy: wire fences; dead bodies; symbols of martyrdom; the idealized female figure of victory or motherland embracing the souls of her fighters; wailing women in front of a church; and soldiers at the peak of battle. 

Apart from the apparent physical weight the gigantic torch implies, its’ symbolic weight serves as an allegory of heroism and of the sacrifices required in order to ensure the historical continuity and the safety of the homeland. That sacrifice is mirrored on the bodies and faces of these women, and inextricably testifies to their role in the ethno-nationalistic rhetoric. 

On the one of the six metopes it is written: “To you who have not died, to you who are not alive, to you who did not get a proper burial, to you whom I wait for” (Σε σένα που δεν πέθανες, σε σένα που δε ζεις, σε σένα που δεν τάφηκες, σε σένα που προσμένω). Below that, on a scroll framed by a laurel wreath there is a second dedication: “Whoever you are… Wherever you are… Whatever you are… You, Mother… Love” (Όποια και να σαι… Όπου και να σαι… Ότι και να σαι, Μάνα εσύ … Αγάπη).

The unveiling took place on July 26th 1996. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing & Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Λακατάμιας και προτομή Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (3)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Λακατάμιας και προτομή Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (4)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, Lakatamia. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by Pano Lakatamia “Grigoris Afxentiou” Democratic union and an ad hoc committee for the memorial who coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place on February 16th 1992.

Grigoris Afxentiou’ bust is situated on a tall pedestal and is flanked by a semi-circular marble wall with the names and the black and white photographs of the dead and missing in a time-span of 20 years, from 1954 till 1974 included.

On the pedestal, under his name is noted his nickname as “The Golden Eagle of Machairas” (Ο Σταυραετός του Μαχαιρά).

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/8, Meeting Minutes July 18, 1991.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Kontemenos dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων Κοντεμένου (3)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Κοντεμένου (7)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Spyros Kyprianou Avenue, Lakatamia. Nicosia district 

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1958, Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the community of Kontemenos, currently in the occupied area of Cyprus. The unveiling took place on June 12th 2011.

The falling fighter’s figure, cut in metal plates, imitates the slow motion of a film’s frames. His repeated silhouette composes an eloquent narration which eliminates all the secondary visual items, indispensible and inevitable in a naturalistic composition, thus focusing on the main event: the perishing. The lack of any detail produces an inclusive and symbolic image of actual or metaphorical death. The raised hand alludes to a weapon or, vice-versa, the raised weapon alludes to the familiar spasm of the body that has been shot. This summarizing process adds expressive power to the depicted figure, while the surrounding architecture construction frames it in a plain and clear manner.  

Keywords:

Memorial to the Geri dead and missing

Μνημείο Ηρώων και Αγνοουμένων Γερίου (2)n Μνημείο Ηρώων και Αγνοουμένων Γερίου (5)n

Artist: Christos Lanitis 

Location: Heroes’ square. Geri. Nicosia district

Material: Stone

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken by the Board of Geri Community. The symbol on top of the low pedestal with the names of dead and missing imitates a flame, although in rather abstract and condensed forms. The flame is the symbol of the fragile and transient nature of life, but also reminiscent of the existence and the spirit of the deceased. In Greek commemorative monuments, either in public places or in cemeteries, the flame (or a torch) is placed on pedestals or stele, on the tombs or on low platforms along with other symbols implicit of the identity and the deeds of the deceased. In some cases, short dictums, or more rarely a bust of the dead, or a bas relief with his/her portrait make part of the commemorative place. 

Keywords:

Evdoras Vasilaras (Εύδωρας Βασιλαράς) bust

Προτομή Εύδωρα Βασιλαρά (2)n Προτομή Εύδωρα Βασιλαρά (6)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Evdoras Vasilaras Park, Engomi. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 81 cm (+39 cm the steps) x 83 cm x 83 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Engomi Municipality Committee and the unveiling took place on July 7th 2010.

Keywords:

Dimitris Tsamkiranis (Δημήτρης Τσαμκιράνης) bust

Δημήτρης Τσαμκιράνης (1)n Δημήτρης Τσαμκιράνης (3)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Engomi Municipality Park, Acheon and Aeschylou St. Nicosia district

Dimensions: 150 cm (with the pedestal)

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Engomi Municipality. The unveiling took place on October 17th 1993.

Keywords:

Polykarpos Pratsis (Πολύκαρπος Πράτσης) statue

Πολύκαρπος Πρατσής (1)n Πολύκαρπος Πρατσής (4)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Crossroads of Heroon Avenue and Aggelos Terzakis street, Engomi. Nicosia district 

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the statue was taken by the Morfou Municipality Committee and the unveiling took place on October 10th 2009. Although Morfou is in the occupied area, it continues to elect its authorities and function as a community in the free part of Cyprus. The same is valid for all communities and municipalities under occupation.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Dali dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Ιδαλίου (4)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Ιδαλίου (7)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Dali Municipality. Nicosia District

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

An alternative name with which the memorial is known is that of the “Anonymous missing’ Father”. It is dedicated to all dead and missing from 1964 to 1974. The initiative was taken in 2003 by Dali Municipality and the families of the Dali missing. The unveiling took place on November 7th 2004.

The father is seated on a low platform on a road junction. His loose posture implies the hardships, physical and emotional, he has suffered. On the plaque in front of his feet is written: “Brothers, although missing, you will always be with us. We keep you in our thoughts and in our hearts” (Αδέλφια κι αν χαθήκατε πάντα θα’στε κοντά μας. Σας έχουμε στη σκέψη μας και μέσα στην καρδιά μας).

Behind his back, two stone panels bear the names of the dead and missing. The small bronze bas reliefs in rectangular shape with their portraits carved, are reminiscent of the black and white photographs that accompany Greek Orthodox tombs and a good number of memorials in Cyprus. The same photographs became iconic because of the Cypriot women dressed in black and holding them in their hands during their vigils and protests after 1974, initially asking the release of the imprisoned Greek Cypriot soldiers in the occupied part, and later the return of their remains.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Μνημείο πεσόντων αστυνομικών (7)n Μνημείο πεσόντων αστυνομικώνn

Artist: George Kyriacou

Location: Police Headquarters, Lemesou Avenue, Aglandjia. Nicosia district

Category: Public Figures, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was funded by the Cypriot policemen. It was commissioned in 1968 and was delivered in 1973. The unveiling took place on April 15th 1973.

According to the art competition call it should depict: “the exacerbation of the sacrificial spirit of the dead Policemen”. According to the artist George Kyriacou “the two gigantic hemispheres assimilate to two gigantic police helmets and constitute the basis of the monument. They balance in a subtle way implying policemen’s difficult task to safeguard and keep in balance the counterweighing social and political forces”.

The same symbolisms are attributed to the vertical brass construction.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968, Meeting Minutes December 30, 1969.

Keywords:

Nikos Nikolaou (Νίκος Νικολάου) bust

Νίκος Νικολάου (1)n Νίκος Νικολάου (5)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: The University of Cyprus, 75 Kallipoleos Avenue, Aglandjia. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 120 cm x 57 cm x 48 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken in 2001 by the University of Cyprus Graduates of 1971. The unveiling took place on January 19th 2003.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/4, document December 5, 2002.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Germasogeia dead

Μνημείο Πεσόντων (1)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων (3)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων (4)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων (6)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Agias Paraskevis Avenue, Germasogeia, Limassol district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to the fighters Trofimos Koulles (Τρόφιμος Κουλλές), Panayiotis Tsaggaris (Παναγιώτης Τσαγγάρης), Sofronios Sofroniou (Σωφρόνιος Σωφρονίου), and Vaggelis Georgiou (Βαγγέλης Γεωργίου). The initiative was taken by the “Anagennisi” association, the Germasogeia Municipality, and the families of the dead. The unveiling took place on July 28th 2002.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/4, Meeting Minutes May 30, 2002. 
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, Meeting Minutes June 15, 1995. 

Keywords:

Ilias Kannaouros/Christofis Christofi (Ηλίας Καννάουρος/Χριστοφής Χριστοφή) statue

Ανδριάντας Ηλία Καννάουρου (1)n Ανδριάντας Ηλία Καννάουρου (4)n Γενική άποψη χώρου γλυπτών- δημοτικό σχολείο Λόφου (1)n

Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou

Location: Old elementary school, Lofou. Limassol district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken by an ad hoc private committee for the memorial. The unveiling took place on August 16th 2002.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/2, document August 23. 2001; Meeting Minutes December 20, 2001.

Keywords:

Odysseas Kl. Nikolaou (Οδυσσέας Κλ. Νικολάου) bust

Οδυσσέας Κλεάνθους Νικολάου (2)n Οδυσσέας Κλεάνθους Νικολάου (4)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: Pano Kivides, village square. Limassol district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 160 cm (+ 57cm the steps) x 54 cm x 43 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Pano Kivides association for the community’s prosperity, and the Pano Kivides youth center. The bust was probably placed 1995-1996.

Selected sources:

~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/7, document January 29, 1990. 

Keywords:

Nikos Karasamanis (Νίκος Καρασαμάνης) statue

Νίκος Καρασαμάνης (5)n Νίκος Καρασαμάνης (6)n

Artist: Theodoulou Theodoulos 

Location: Pelendri. Limassol district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken by an ad hoc committee for the “Pelendri heroes’ statues”. The statue was placed in 1999.

Selected sources:

~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, Meeting Minutes September 25, 1995.

Keywords:

Andreas Paraskeva (Ανδρέας Παρασκευά) bust

Προτομή Ανδρέα Παρασκευά (2)n Προτομή Ανδρέα Παρασκευά (4)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Pano Platres. Limassol district

Dimensions: 185 cm x 40 cm x 28 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken by the “Andreas Paraskevas” union. The unveiling took place on July 27th 1986.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), August 2, 1986, p. 6.

Keywords:

Vanios Spanias (Βάνιος Σπανιάς) bust

Προτομή Β. Σπανιά (2)n Προτομή Β. Σπανιά (6)n

Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou 

Location: Theotokou Genisis church yard, Fasoula. Limassol district 

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 131 cm (+ 28 cm steps) x 48 cm x 35 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Fasoula emigrants’ association. No further information is available.  

Keywords:

Ilias Kannaouros (Ηλίας Καννάουρος) statue

Ηλίας Καννάουρος (4)n Ηλίας Καννάουρος (5)n

Ηλίας Καννάουρος (1)n

Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou

Location: Adjacent to Saint Georgios church, Ypsonas. Limassol district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Ypsonas community board. The statue was completed in 2005.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/10, Meeting Minutes September 28, 2005.

Keywords:

Dimitris Arminiotis (Δημήτρης Αρμινιώτης) bust

Δημήτρης Αρμινιώτης (1)n Δημήτρης Αρμινιώτης (4)n

Artist: Chrysostomos Perdios

Location: Panayia church yard, Trimiklini. Limassol district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 149 cm x 40 cm x 48 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Trimiklini youth center, the Trimiklini community board, and the Church committee. The unveiling took place on September 3rd 1989.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 24, 1989, p. 8.

Keywords:

Dimitris Klitou (Δημήτρης Κλείτου) bust

Δημήτρης Κλείτου (2)n Δημήτρης Κλείτου (3)n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis 

Location: Saint George church, Sylikou. Limassol district

Dimensions: 125 cm (+54 cm pedestal) x 53 cm x 52 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

No information is available. 

Keywords:

Andreas Nikolaou (Ανδρέας Νικολάου) bust

Προτομή Ανδρέα Νικολάου (1)n Προτομή Ανδρέα Νικολάου (5)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Pyrgos. Limassol district

Dimensions: 158 cm x 130 cm x 43 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the “Anagennisi” nationalistic union sometime between 1977 and 1980. 

Keywords:

Charalambos Panayi Evagorou (Χαράλαμπος Παναγή Ευαγόρου) bust

 Χαράλαμπος Παναγή Ευαγόρου (3)n Χαράλαμπος Παναγή Ευαγόρου (7)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Potamiou village, church yard. Limassol district.

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 149 cm (+ 45 cm the steps) x 63 cm x 49 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Charalambos Evagorou Family. The bust was completed in 2000 and the unveiling took place on October 3rd 2005.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/4, meeting Minutes November 5, 2002. 

Keywords:

Georgios Mich. Drakos (Γεώργιος Μιχ. Δράκος) bust

Γεώργιος Μιχαήλ Δράκου (2)n Γεώργιος Μιχαήλ Δράκου (8)n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis 

Location: Pentakomo. Limassol district

Dimensions: 150 cm x 70 cm x 54 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

No further information is available. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Pachna Heroes

Evmenios Markantonisn Iordanis Iordanous Vakisn                Evmenios Markantonis                                Iordanis Iordanous Vakis

Nikos Sofokleousn Panikos Symeoun

Nikos Sofokleous                                              Panikos Symeou

Μνημείο Ηρώων Πάχνας (7)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Pachna community square. Limassol district

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Turkish Invasion, Inter-communal conflicts 1967

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The archaic stele with the pediment crowning constitutes the central part of the memorial dedicated to all the Pachna dead fighters. On an inserted plaque Konstantinos Kavafis’ verses are noted: “Honor those who in the life they lead define and guard a Thermopylae” (Τιμή σ’ εκείνους όπου στην ζωή των ώρισαν και φυλάγουν Θερμοπύλες).

Its unveiling took place in July 1990. Since then four busts were added commemorating four Pachna individual fighters.

The busts of Evmenios Markantonis (Ευμένιος Μαρκαντώνης), who died during the inter-communal conflicts of 1967, and of Panikos Symeou (Πανίκος Συμεού), who died during the EOKA struggle, were unveiled at the same time with the stele.

The bust of Nikos Sofokleous (Νίκος Σοφοκλέους), who died during the EOKA struggle, was made by Philippos Yapanis and was unveiled on October 15, 2006.

The bust of Iordanis Iordanous Vakis (Ιορδάνης Ιορδάνους Βάκης), who died during the Turkish invasion, was also made by Philippos Yiapanis and was unveiled on October 11th 2009.

Keywords:

Panikos Pourgouridis (Πανίκος Πουργουρίδης) bust

Πανίκος Πουργουρίδης (1)n Προτομή Πανίκου Πουργουρίδηn

Artist: Kyriakos Kallis 

Location: Moniatis. Limassol district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 150 cm x 61 cm x 40 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial and its funding was undertaken by the Moni Community Board, the “Panikos Pourgouridis” youth center, and theMoniatis Hunting association “Vikli”. The unveiling took place on July 18th 2004

Keywords:

Kostas Panayiotou (Κώστας Παναγιώτου) bust

Προτομή Κωστάκη Παναγιώτου (1)n Προτομή Κωστάκη Παναγιώτου (2)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Agia Zoni church, Moni. Limassol district 

Dimensions: 134 cm (+ 48 cm steps) x 60 cm x 41 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Moni community committee. The bust was probably placed in 1993.

Keywords:

Michalis Michail (Μιχάλης Μιχαήλ) bust

Προτομή Μιχαήλ Μιχαήλ (2)n

Προτομή Μιχαήλ Μιχαήλ (5)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Mathikoloni. Limassol district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 177 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was probably placed in 2004. No further information is available.  

Keywords:

Christakis G. Mina (Χριστάκης Γ. Μηνά) bust

Χριστάκης Γ. Μηνά (1)n Χριστάκης Γ. Μηνά (6)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Village Park, Korfi. Limassol district 

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 186 cm x 64 cm x 64 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the “Christakis Mina” nationalist union of Korfi village. The unveiling took place on July 30th 1989.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/7, document March 6, 1990. 

Keywords:

Sokratis Neophytou Sokratous (Σωκράτης Νεοφύτου Σωκράτους) bust

Σωκράτης Νεοφύτου Σωκράτης (1)n Σωκράτης Νεοφύτου Σωκράτης (4)n

Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou 

Location: Kolossi. Apostolos Loukas parish. Limassol district 

Material: Copper

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Kolossi popular union. The unveiling took place on May 6th 2001. The memorial is placed next to the Andreas Onisiforou monument.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, Meeting Minutes October 30, 1997. 

Keywords:

Antonis Antoniou (Αντώνης Αντωνίου) bust

 Αντώνης Αντωνίου (2)n Αντώνης Αντωνίου (4)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Zoopigi. Limassol district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 125 cm x 60 cm x 59 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Zoopigi emigrants and friends association. The unveiling took place on August 10th 2003.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/5, meeting Minutes February 25, 2003.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Erimi heroes

Nikos Georgioun Sokratis Sokratousn         Nikos Georgiou                                               Socratis I. Socratous

Μνημείο Ηρώων Ερήμης (3)n Marios Savvan                         Marios A. Savva

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: “Nikos and Socratis” nationalist union premises, Erimi. Limassol district

Dimensions: 155 cm x 68 cm x 48 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Socratis I. Socratous (Σωκράτης Η. Σωκράτους), Nikos Georgiou (Νίκος Γεωργίου) and Marios A. Savva (Μάριος Α. Σάββα). 

The initiative was taken by the “Nikos and Socratis” nationalist union of Erimi and it was placed in 1996.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/10, document August 28, 1992. 

Keywords:

Savvas Evripidou Savva (Σάββας Ευριπίδου Σάββα) statue

Σάββας Σάββα (2)ν

Artist: Charis Evaggelou 

Location: Gerasa. Limassol district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Gerasa emigrants and friends’ association, and the Gerasa community committee. The statue was made in 2010. 

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/12, document March 28, 2006.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, Meeting Minutes October 26, 1999. 

Keywords:

Andreas Vlamis (Ανδρέας Βλάμης) and Platonas Stylianou (Πλάτωνας Στυλιανού) busts

 Andreas Vlamisn Platonas Stylianoun

Μνημείο Ηρώων και Αγνοουμένων Βουνίου (2)n

Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou  

Location: Vouni Primary school, Vouni. Limassol district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 125 cm (+ 35 cm the steps) x 52 cm x 42 cm

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to all the dead and missing from Vouni village. The initiative was taken by the Vouni emigrants’ association. The busts were made in 1995 and the unveiling took place on November 20th 1997.

Keywords:

Dimitris Petrou Apesiotis (Δημήτρης Πέτρου Απαισιώτης) bust

Προτομή Δημήτρη Πέτρου Απαισιώτη (1)n Προτομή Δημήτρη Πέτρου Απαισιώτη (3)n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis

Location: Next to the Apsiou Cooperative Bank, Apsiou. Limassol district

Dimensions: 151 cm x 67 cm x 67 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Apsiou community. The unveiling took place on July 8th 2008.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/9, Meeting Minutes April 5, 2005.

Keywords:

Sergeant Christakis S. Neokleous Zenios (Λοχίας Χριστάκης Σ. Νεοκλέους Ζένιος) bust

Προτομή Χριστάκη Νεοκλέους (3)n Προτομή Χριστάκη Νεοκλέους (4)n

Artist: Fedonas Potamitis 

Location: Arakapas. Limassol district

Dimensions: 136 cm x 41 cm x 41 cm 

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the family of Sergeant Christakis S. Neokleous Zenios. The unveiling took place on October 15th 1993.

Keywords:

Evaggelos Moulotos (Ευάγγελος Μουλωτός) statue

Ευάγγελος Μουλωτός (1)n Ευάγγελος Μουλωτός (2)n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis 

Location: Agios Konstantinos. Limassol district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken in 2003 by the Limassol district Reservist Commandos Association (ΣΕΚΕΛ/ SEKEL), the Evaggelos Moulotos family, Agios Konstantinos community youth union, and the Agios Konstantinos Emigrants and Friends association. The bust was made in 2010 and the unveiling took place the same year, on October 31st.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/6, Meeting Minutes November 6, 2003. 

Keywords:

Georgios Nikodimou (Γεώργιος Νικοδήμου) bust

 Γεώργιος Νικοδήμου (1)n Γεώργιος Νικοδήμου (2)n

Artist: Fedonas Potamitis 

Location: Agios Theodoros. Limassol district

Dimensions: 120 cm (+ 43 the steps) x 61 cm x 51 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for his bust was taken by an ad hoc private committee which also coordinated the fundraising. It was placed in 1983.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), September 24, 1983, p. 2.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/4, documents May 17, 1983; May 18, 1983. 
Keywords:

Rainbow – Uplift

Γλυπτό Ουράνιο Τόξο- Ανάταση (4)n Γλυπτό Ουράνιο Τόξο- Ανάταση (15)n

Artist: Nikos Kouroussis

Location: Kolokasidis roundabout, Agios Dometios. Nicosia district.

Category: Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the art piece, which would symbolize Cypriot peoples’ will for freedom and resistance, was taken and realized in 1975 by the artist Nikos Kouroussis.

Contrary to the norm and the aesthetics of the monuments which refer to political events, Kouroussis worked in an abstract synthesis: A number of interlocking rings are diagonally arranged among them in a way to cover the entire roundabout area. According to a 2005 document the symbolical intension of the work was to promote the Olympic spirit ideals of friendship, peace, cooperation and reconciliation. In 1997-98 the necessary restoration works, due to the gradual erosion over time, ignited controversial discussions on the necessity to keep or remove the artwork altogether.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/3, Meeting Minutes November 27, 1975.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01, document June 1, 2001.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/5, document February 25, 2003.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/10, document July 25, 2005.

Keywords:

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

 Τάσος Μάρκου (1)ν

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis

Location: Kolokasidis roundabout, Agios Dometios. Nicosia district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 2.80 meters (the statue)

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1997 by an ad hoc committee for Tasos Markou statue, composed by officers of the National Guard, which also coordinated an extensive fundraising. The statue is symbolically viewing Pentadaktylos Mountain, in the occupied area, where the fighter is missing. The unveiling took place in 1999.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), March 17, 1999, p. 16.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, document October 23, 1997.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), documents December 10, 1997; February 5, 1999.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/5, March 11, 2003.

Keywords:

Memorial to the missing Giogros Chatzinikolis (Γιώργος Χατζηνικολής)

Γλυπτό Γιώργου Χατζηνικολή (2) n Γλυπτό Γιώργου Χατζηνικολή (4)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Analiontas village, old threshing floor. Nicosia district.

Material: Marble

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the family of Giorgos Chatzinikoli in 2006.

 Selected sources:
~Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/11, document February 22, 2006.

Keywords: 

Memorial to the Lysi dead and missing

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (1) n

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (3) n

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (5) n Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (6) n

Artists: Nikolaos Kotziamanis and Kyriakos Kontovourkis

Location: General Timayia Avenue, Larnaka. Larnaka district.

Material: Brass and marble

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1958, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by Lysi community. Although Lysi village is situated in the occupied part of Cyprus, its’ authorities are regularly elected by their ex-inhabitants in the free part of the island. The same policy is applied to all the occupied municipalities and communities.

The memorial was initially dedicated to eight EOKA 1955-59 dead and the initial unveiling took place in September 6th 1996. In 2000 the memorial was reformed and it was extended physically: The initial construction consisted of the (current) central part with the marble platform and the standing female militant figure on top. In 2000 nine stele in total were added on the left and right hand site with the names of dead and missing Lysi fighters during the inter-communal conflicts of 1958 and the Turkish invasion. The second unveiling of the current memorial took place on September 8th 2011 and is now dedicated to thirty four dead and missing fighters.

Selected sources:
~Αγών (Agon), September 8, 1996.
~Αλήθεια (Alithia), December 7, 1989.
~Σημερινή (Simerini), January 1, 1992.
~Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/11, no  694/93.

Keywords:

A sculpture for Liberty

Γλυπτό Ελευθερία (2) n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis 

Location: Antonis Papadopoulos stadium entrance, Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Liberty here is depicted as a Phoenix, the mythical long-lived bird that is cyclically regenerated or reborn through the ashes of its predecessors. Symbolizing renewal and associated with the sun was subsequently adopted as a symbol in early Christian times. In this case it allegorically implies Cyprus’ regeneration and reborn from the ashes of its heroes and more specifically refers to the liberation of the occupied part of the island. Additionally phoenix is the symbol of the athletic association “Anorthosis” (Recovery) of Ammochostos/Famagusta which has commissioned the sculpture.

Keywords: 

Iraklis Efthymiou Loizou (Ηρακλής Ευθυμίου Λοΐζου) bust

Προτομή Ηρακλή Ευθυμίου Λοϊζου (1)n

Προτομή Ηρακλή Ευθυμίου Λοϊζου (4)n

Artist: Kikis Patsalos 

Location: Pano Lefkara high school yard. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 174 cm x 47 cm x 33 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1976 by students coming from Lefkara village who were attending United States universities. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Aradippou dead during the national fights

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (2)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (5)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (8)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (11)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (14)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (17)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Aradippou village center. Larnaka district.

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 171 cm x 60 cm x 45 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Five busts are the focal points of the memorial. The names of two more dead fighters are written on the commemorative wall. The busts belong to Pantelis Kontos (Παντελής Κοντός), Georgios Ttooulou (Γεώργιος Ττοούλου), Pavlos Mihailas (Παύλος Μιχαηλάς), Marios Siaris (Μάριος Σιαρής) and Tasos Papathanasiou (Τάσος Παπαθανασίου). The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1989 by the “Omonia Aradippou” union and aν ad hoc private committee for the memorial. The cost was covered by private and state funds. The unveiling took place on May 27th 1989. 

Selected sources:
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 25, 1985, p. 4.
~Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/4, Meeting Minutes May 23, 1985. 

Keywords:

Georgios Koubaris (Γεώργιος Κουμπαρής) bust

Γεώργιος Κουμπαρής (3) n Γεώργιος Κουμπαρής (4) n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis 

Location: “Georgios Koubaris” Community Park. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 131 cm x 70~87 cm x 55~75 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by the deceased’s family and the Zygi Community Committee in 2006. The unveiling took place during 2007. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Xylotymvou dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων 1974 (1) n 

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων 1974 (2) n

Artist: Photos Demetriou

Location: Xylotymvou village, central square. Larnaka district. 

Category: War Volunteers, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Zaharias Spyrou (Ζαχαρίας Σπύρου) who died during the Turkish invasion, and the volunteer Michail Petrou (Μιχαήλ Πέτρου) who died during the Second World War. Their images are depicted in relief. It was commissioned by the Xylotymvou Community Committee and the unveiling took place on January 25th 2003.

Selected sources:
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 26, 2003, p. 76.
~Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, Meeting Minutes June 26, 1997.
~Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/2, document April 20, 2000.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Xylofagou dead and missing

Προτομές Νίκου Θεοφάνους και Μιχαλάκη Βραχίμη (1) n Προτομές Νίκου Θεοφάνους και Μιχαλάκη Βραχίμη (2) n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: Agios Georgios church yard, Xylofagou village. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 142 cm x 42.5 cm x 42 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Nikos Theofanous (Νίκος Θεοφάνους) and Michalakis Brahimis (Μιχαλάκης Βραχίμης). It was commissioned by a private committee formed ad hoc for the cause.

Keywords:

Christoforos Christoforou (Χριστόφορος Χριστοφόρου) and Eleni Papachristoforou (Ελένη Παπαχριστοφόρου) busts

Προτομές ζεύγους  (3) n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Agiou Alexandrou church yard, Pyrga village. Larnaka district. 

Category: Cypriot Women, Turkish Invasion, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The busts were commissioned by the “Alexandros Papachristoforou” Foundation. Christoforos Christoforou and his wife Eleni were the founders of the “House of the Missing” at Pyrga village.

Keywords:

Memorial area “Panorama of Greek Cypriot missing” or “House of the missing”

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 5 n

4 n

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 7 n

8 n 9 n

10 n

11 n

12 n

Artists: Vasilis Kattos (the seated weeping mother and the oversized head; and the “Missing soldier” or “Quest” outside the “House”)
Michalis Papadakis (the mother and the missing soldier in the inner yard)
Kostas Ikonomou (the frescoes) 

Location: “Alexander Papachristoforou” Foundation premises, adjacent to Agios Alexanndros church, Pyrga village. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 3 meters high (the oversized head and the “Missing soldier” or “Quest”)

Category: Cypriot Women, Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial belongs to the “Alexandros Papachristoforou” Foundation and was offered to the Cypriot state. The opening ceremony took place on May 22nd 1999.

Vasilis Kattos is the sculptor of the two artworks outside the “House”. On the left-hand side is located the “Missing soldier” or “Quest”. An oversized hand protectively embraces a soldier who bears the facial features of the missing Alexander, the son of the founders Christoforos Christoforou and Eleni Papachristoforou. According to the sculptor the missing soldier symbolically faces towards Pentadachtylos Mountain, in the occupied part of Cyprus.

On the right-hand side, the over-sized head of a Reserve Officer creates the central part of the composition. On his long hair is engraved a number of faces, and the number 1619 which corresponds to the officially listed as missing Greek Cypriots. The sculptor chose to depict only the head and not the body, as an implicit statement of the current unknown status of those soldiers. Next to the Officer’s head is an aged wailing mother. She is reminiscent of the familiar images of the suffering Cypriot mothers, and provides and instant glimpse into the experience of personal and social trauma.

In the inner yard the woman at the feet of the dead soldier who hangs from a pole could be his actual mother or, allegorically, motherland Cyprus. She screams in pain and horror while crawling on the ground. Her impressively intense grief deforms her face and the diagonal positioning of her body echoes her despair on the surrounding walls.

On those same walls a number of symbolic paintings narrate the tormented life of the missing and the prolonged mourning of their families. Flanking the entrance of the gallery Christ’s Crucifixion and Resurrection remind us of the strong relationship between Cypriot national conflicts and the Cypriot church, as well as the deeply rooted analogies between Christ’s and heroic sacrificial death. 

On a plaque on a pillar at the entrance of the “House of the missing” is written:“The island of Cyprus was invaded by Turkey on the 20th July, 1974. Turkish planes, heavy armor, landing craft, and tanks were used. The invading forces numbered 40.000 troops. They captured 40% of the island. Of the half million Greek Cypriot population thousands were killed [..] thousands taken prisoner. Nearly 200.000 became homeless refugees. 3.000 prisoners were released, but 1619 are still missing”.

The western wall of Agios Alexandros church is paved with the black and white photographs of the 1619 missing, while inside the art gallery, which is the central room of the “House”, six oversize paintings are narrating in an eloquent way the suffering of the missing and their families. 

Selected sources:
~ Μαραθεύτης Μιχαλάκης (Maratheftis Michalakis). 2000. Πανόραμα ελλήνων Αγνοουμένων της Κύπρου (Panorama of Greek Cypriot missing). Nicosia: Alexandros Papachristoforou Foundation. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 15, 1999, p. 16.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 23, 1999, p. 38.

Keywords:

Leontios Gerasimou (Λεόντιος Γερασίμου) and Apostolos Kouris (Απόστολος Κουρής) busts

Προτομές Λεόντιου Γερασίμου και Αποστόλου Κουρρή (2) n Προτομές Λεόντιου Γερασίμου και Αποστόλου Κουρρή (4) n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis

Location: Agia Irini church yard, Perivolia village. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 137 cm (+ 47 cm the step) x 49~59 cm x 47~58 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The busts were commissioned by Perivolia Community committee in 2006.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, Meeting Minutes February 26, 1998. 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/10, document October 27, 2005.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Styllon dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (2) n Μνημείο πεσόντων n

Μνημείο n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis 

Location: “Andreas Savva Alexandrou” Community Park, Mari village. Laranaka district.

Dimensions: 120 cm x 67~85 cm x 50~65 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Three busts and three pedestals constitute the memorial. The listed as missing Andreas Nikolaou Karoulas (Ανδρέας Νικολάου Καρούλας) and Andreas Savva Alexandrou (Ανδρέας Σάββα Αλεξάνδρου), after whom the community park is named, are commemorated with busts. There is also a bust dedicated to the dead Dimitris Petrou Dimitriou (Δημήτρης Πέτρου Δημητρίου). Contrary to the norm, the dead Georgios Christou Katsanis (Γεώργιος Χρίστου Κατσάνης) is commemorated only with a named plaque on one of the three pedestals that bears more names of, listed as missing, soldiers. 

The memorial was commissioned by the Mari Community Committee and the unveiling took place on July 20th 2010.

Stylloi is a village in the occupied part of Ammochostos district. Nevertheless, its’ authorities are regularly elected by their ex-inhabitants in the free part of the island. The same policy is applied to all the occupied municipalities and communities. On the other hand, Mari is a village almost exclusively inhabited by Greek Cypriot refugees, part of them coming from Stylloi.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Alaminos dead fighters

Γεώργιος Σταύρου n Κλείτος  Η. Μανδρίδης n

Μνημείο Πεσόντων 1974 (1)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων 1974 (3)n

Τάκης Βασιλείου n Φρίξος Παναγιώτου n

Χριστόδουλος Χριστοδούλου n

Artist: Charis Evaghelou 

Location: Alaminos village center. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 150 cm x 61cm  x 64 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Takis Vasiliou (Τάκης Βασιλείου), Frixos Panayiotou (Φρίξος Παναγιώτου), Klitos Mandridis (Κλείτος Μανδρίδης), Georgios Stavrou (Γεώργιος Σταύρου), and Christodoulos Christodoulou (Χριστόδουλος Χριστοδούλου). The initiative for its construction was taken by Alaminos’ “Aetos” (Eagle) sports union and the unveiling took place on July 20th 1999.

Selected sources:
Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/18, Meeting Minutes November 26, 1998.
Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, documents May 21, 1999; June 3, 1999.

Keywords:

Odysseus Spetsiotis (Οδυσσέας Σπετσιώτης) bust

 Οδυσσέας Σπετσιώτης, αγωνιστής ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (1)n Οδυσσέας Σπετσιώτης, αγωνιστής ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (3)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Platanistasa village, opposite Community Park. Nicosia district

Material: Marble and stone

Dimensions: 182 cm x 81 cm x 111 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1984 by “Odysseus Spetsiotis” union. 

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 8, 1984, p. 8.

Keywords

Krinos Charalambous (Κρίνος Χαραλάμπους) statue

Ανδριάντας Κρίνου Χαραλάμπους (4)n

Ανδριάντας Κρίνου Χαραλάμπους (9)n

Artist: Vasilis Kattos

Location: Pigenia, adjacent to Community Committee premises. Nicosia district

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken by the Pigenia Community, and the Kykkos and Tyllirias’ Bishop Nikiforos. The unveiling took place during July 2011.

Keywords

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Μνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (3)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (11)nΜνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (9)nΜνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (14)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Material: Bronze (the busts and the medals)

Location: Nikitari village. Nicosia village

Dimensions: 136 cm x 40 cm x 305 cm (Spyrou bust). 115 cm (+81 cm the pedestal) 

55 cm x 44~74 cm (the bust of the mother)

Category: War Volunteers, Turkish Invasion, National Guard, EOKA 1955-59, Cypriot Women

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was initially intended to commemorate only Kostas Spyrou who was killed during the Turkish invasion in 1974. It was subsequently designed to pay respects to all those Nikitari fighters who have died since 1940, including the volunteers during the Second World War. Nevertheless, Spyrou is the only one to be commemorated with a bust.

The Mother’s bust was added in 2006. Under her feet is written: “Mother, lady of Nikitari, lady of freedom, you crown your children as heroes” («Μάνα, κυρά του Νικηταριού, κυρά της λευτεριάς, τα παιδιά σου ήρωες τιμάς»). 

The female figure here intentionally keeps an ambiguous identity symbolizing simultaneously the concepts of both motherhood and motherland. Both identities aim to promote and underline the sacrificial nature of motherhood, and the women’s duty to serve and perpetuate the family and the nation. 

The memorial was funded by a private ad hoc committee for the Nikitari memorial, the Community Committee, and the Nikitari expatriates union and friends. The unveiling took place on November 26th 2006.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/4, Meeting Minutes October 10, 2002.  

Keywords:

Memorial to Mosfileri dead and missing

Μνημείο Πεσόντων και Αγνοουμένων Μοσφιλιού 1974 (3)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων και Αγνοουμένων Μοσφιλιού 1974 (6)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Mosfileri Agios Georgios church. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 189 cm (+15 cm the steps) x 53 cm x 44 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial consists of Georgios Andronikou Michail’ (Γεώργιος Ανδρονίκου Μιχαήλ) bust and a commemorative stele. The initiative for the bust was taken by the family of the deceased and Mosfileri community. Next to it is situated a tall stele crowned with a flame. The flame is the sacred fire, the eternal flame. It is the symbol of the fragile and transient nature of life, but also reminiscent of the existence and the spirit of the deceased, and thus is associated with the heroic sacrifice. In Greek commemorative monuments, either in public places or in cemeteries, the flame or a torch are placed on pedestals or stele, on the tombs or on low platforms along with other symbols implicit of the identity and deeds of the deceased. In some cases, short dictums, or more rarely a bust of the dead, or a bas relief with his/her portrait make part of the commemorative place.

According to the inscription here, the stele is dedicated to “all the dead fighters who safeguarded the freedom of the village” and to the, listed as missing, Antonakis Dimitriou Georgiou (Αντωνάκης Δημητρίου Γεωργίου). His black and white photograph is placed under the inscription.

This style of black and white photographs became iconic of the Cypriot tragedy after the 1974 invasion, because of the Cypriot women and children holding them in their hands during their vigils and protests. Initially they were demanding the release of the prisoners kept in the occupied land and, later, the return of their remains.

The unveiling took place on June 26th 2005

Selected sources: 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/4, document November 12, 2002.

Keywords:

Memorial to Agiou Theodorou dead and missing

 Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (2)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (8)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (6)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (9)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (10)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (11)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Agios Theodoros Community Committee premises. Larnaka district. 

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 164 cm x 51 cm x 38 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Sergeant Antonakis Kosta Manoli and to Lieutenant Filios Tsigaridis. It was commissioned by Agios Theodoros Community Committee and the Agios Theodoros Nationalist Union. The unveiling took place on December 28th 1997. 

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/15, Meeting Minutes March 4, 1997.

Keywords:

Fidias Symeonidis (Φειδίας Συμεωνίδης) and Tryfonas Tryfonas (Τρύφωνας Τρύφωνας) busts

Fidias Symeonidis n Tryfonas Tryfonas n   Fidias Symeonidis                                             Tryfonas Tryfonas

Ηρώον-προτομές Φειδία Συμεωνίδη και Τρύφωνα Τρύφωνος (2)n Ηρώον-προτομές Φειδία Συμεωνίδη και Τρύφωνα Τρύφωνος (5)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Outside Lagoudera village. Nicosia district. 

Dimensions for both busts: 131 cm x 40~58 cm x 30~49 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, National Guard, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative and the commission of Fidias Symenonidis’ bust were taken by his EOKA 1955-59 co-fighters in 1989. The bust was delivered in 2001. 

The initiative for Tryfonas Tryfonas’ bust was taken by the General Staff of the National Guard in 1984, and the cost was covered through private and state funds. Tryfonas’ bust was delivered in 2002. 

Adjacent to their busts a pedestal commemorates the two, listed as missing, Andreas K. Ioannou (Ανδρέας Π. Ιωάννου) and Panayiotis P. Chatzipanayioti (Παναγιώτης Π. Χ’’Παναγιώτη). The dove, symbol of peace and reassurance, nested in a crosswise arrangement of laurel branches, is a widespread symbolism of heroic sacrificial deeds in Cypriot memorials.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), January 19, 1984, p. 14.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 6, 1989, p. 15.

Keywords

Theodoros A. Papakonstantis (Θεόδωρος Α. Παπακωνσταντή) bust

Προτομή Θεόδωρου Α. Παπακωνσταντή (1)n Προτομή Θεόδωρου Α. Παπακωνσταντή (2)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Lympia square, adjacent to the elementary school. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 124 cm (+ 42 cm the steps) x 69 cm x 47 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Lympia “Olympia” union. The unveiling took place on November 1st 1992.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Galata dead

 Μνημείο πεσόντων Γαλάτας (4)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Γαλάτας (7)n

Artist: Andros Kazamias

Location: Opposite Panayia Odigitria church, Galata village. Nicosia district.

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 5 meters in height

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bas relief on the front of the pillar depicts two empty shirts, an idea drawing its origins from Giorgos Seferis’ poem “Eleni”.

The memorial is dedicated to Chrysanthos Mylonas ((Χρύσανθος Μυλωνάς) and Evagoras Papachristoforou (Ευαγόρας Παπαχριστοφόρου) who died during the EOKA 1955-59 struggles; to Andreas Yeroudis (Ανδρέας Γερούδης) who died during the Inter-communal conflicts of 1964; to Georgios Zaharia (Γεώργιος Ζαχαρία) who died during the Turkish invasion; and to Panayiotis Athanasiou (Παναγιώτης Αθανασίου). It was commissioned in 1985 by Galata Community Committee and the architect Iakovos Filippou who collaborated with Andros Kazamias for the construction.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/11, document May 23, 1985.

Keywords:

Panayiotis Katsidiaris (Παναγιώτης Κατσιδιάρης) bust

Παναγιώτης Κατσιδιάρης (1)n Παναγιώτης Κατσιδιάρης (5)n

Artist: Phylactis Ierides 

Location: Entrance of Fterifoudi village, coming from Aska. Nicosia district

Material: Stone and brass

Dimensions: 138 cm x 74~152 cm x 45 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in 2001 by Fterikoudi Community Committee and Fterikoudi expatriates’ union.

Keywords

Memorial to the Morfou dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων Μορφιτών (2)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Μορφιτών (6)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Μορφιτών (8)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Μορφιτών (11)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis

Location: Astromeritis barricade 

Material: Marble and bronze 

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by Morfou cultural union, active at Astromeritis village. The unveiling took place during 2003. Morfou is situated in the occupied zone of Cyprus. The use of occupied areas to name schools, cultural or athletic unions and associations, even shops and restaurants, is a widespread habit in Cyprus and a way of preserving historical memory. 

This memorial combines both symbolic representations and realistic narration. The cross-like sword, the wires, the photographs on the hands of the youngster and the (missing) man trapped behind the closed iron wall are evocative visual narrations. They frame the Cypriot 1974 events, all summarized by the missing men, the occupied village, the inaccessible land, and the battles given in the name of motherland and creed. In addition, the missing man, the bas reliefs with the weeping elder men and women, and the angry faces of the youngsters function as snapshots, reiterates the events of 1974.

Selected sources
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/2, Meeting Minutes October 23, 2001.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/4, document September 22, 2002.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

Giorgos Xenofontos Poyiatzi n Kostas Ch. Katalanos  bustn      Giorgos Xenofontos Poyiatzi                               Kostas Ch. Katalanos

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Αγίου Επιφανείου (9)n

Artist: Vasilis Kattos

Location: Agios Epifanios Orinis village. Nicosia district. 

Dimensions: 150 cm x 279 cm x 30 cm

Category: 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Kostas Misiaoulis (Κώστας Μισιαούλης), Kostas Ch. Katalanos (Κώστας Χρ. Καταλάνος) and Giorgos Xenofontos Poyiatzi (Γεώργιος Ξενοφώντος Πογιατζή). It was commissioned by the families of the fighters. The unveiling took place on September 11th 2011.

Keywords:

Andreas Moditis (Ανδρέας Μοδίτης) and Kypros Petsas (Κύπρος Πέτσας) busts

Προτομές Αντρέα Μοδίτη και Κύπρου Πέτσα (1)ν Προτομές Αντρέα Μοδίτη και Κύπρου Πέτσα (4)ν Προτομές Αντρέα Μοδίτη και Κύπρου Πέτσα (6)ν

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Community Park, Agia Marina Xyliatou village. Nicosia district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 159 cm x 63 cm x 42 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the busts was taken by Agia Marina Xyliatou expatriates and the unveiling took place during 1997.

Selected sources:
Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, Meeting Minutes October 13, 1997.

Keywords:

Andreas G. Neokleous (Ανδρέας Γ. Νεοκλέους) statue

Ανδριάντας Ανδρέα Γ. Νεοκλέους (4)n Ανδριάντας Ανδρέα Γ. Νεοκλέους (9)n

Ανδριάντας Ανδρέα Γ. Νεοκλέους (7)n

Artist: Phylactis Ierides 

Place: Agioi Vavatsinias village entrance. Larnaka district.

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned in 2008 and the unveiling took place on July 26th 2009. Four verses of a Kostis Palamas’ poem are noted on the pedestal: 

“Breaths wondering in the afterlife, remains even though you exist in a deep sleep, I share my glory with you, blessed may you be” (Πνοές κι αν πλανάσθε σ’άλλη ζωή, λείψανα κι αν κοιμάσθε, σας λειτουργώ τη δόξα μου, μακαρισμένοι νάστε).

Keywords:

Kostakis Savvidis (Κωστάκης Σαββίδης) and Filippos Kritiotis (Φίλιππος Κρητιώτης) busts

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (2)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (22)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (14)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (7)n

Artists: Andreas Savvides (for Kostakis Savvidis), Nikolaos Kotziamanis (for Filippos Kritiotis)

Location: Sotiros church yard, Statos-Agios Fotios village. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 177 cm (+ 34 cm the basis) x 83 cm x 33 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion (Kostakis Savvidis), 1974 Coup (Filippos Kritiotis)

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

From available documents it appears evident that Kritiotis’ bust was commissioned in 1986. Savvidis bust unveiling took place in 1995-96.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/12, document May 12, 1994.

Keywords:

Liberty monument – Memorial for the Polemi dead

Μνημείο πεσόντων Τηλλυρίας 1964 (5)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Τηλλυρίας 1964 (8)n

Artist: Andreas Makariou

Location: Adjacent to Polemi high school. Pafos district.

Material: Kivides and Tochni stone

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion.

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The unveiling took place on August 30th 1981.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Nata dead and missing

 Προτομές Αρέστη Σεργίου και Χριστάκη Χριστοφίδη  (3)n Προτομές Αρέστη Σεργίου και Χριστάκη Χριστοφίδη  (4)n Προτομές Αρέστη Σεργίου και Χριστάκη Χριστοφίδη  (6)n Προτομές Αρέστη Σεργίου και Χριστάκη Χριστοφίδη  (7)n

Προτομές Αρέστη Σεργίου και Χριστάκη Χριστοφίδη  (5)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Nata community center. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 130 cm x 70 cm x 70 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to the dead Arestis Seryiou (Αρέστης Σεργίου) and Christakis Christofidis (Χριστάκης Χριστοφίδης), and to the listed as missing Roti Lefkios Kosta (Ροτή Λεύκιος Κώστα). It was commissioned by the Nata expatriates Association and the Nata Community. The cost was covered through private fundraising. The unveiling took place in 1992.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), February 29, 1992, p. 8.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Marathounta dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων - προτομή Γιαννάκη Σιαμμά (1)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων - προτομή Γιαννάκη Σιαμμά (3)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων - προτομή Γιαννάκη Σιαμμά (6)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων - προτομή Γιαννάκη Σιαμμά (7)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων - προτομή Γιαννάκη Σιαμμά (4)n

Artist: Phylactis Ierides 

Location: Agios Georgios church yard. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 174 cm x 66 cm x 65 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Marathounta Community. The bust is dedicated to Yiannis Siammas (Γιάννης Σιαμμάς) and the pedestal to the listed as missing Charalambos Fteroudi (Χαράλαμπος Φτερούδη). Under his name is noted a line of Giorgos Seferis (the 1963 literature Nobel winner Greek poet) “Cyprus Salamina” poem, written in 1953. On the third stele is noted a verse of Yiannis Ritsos “Farewell”(Apoheretismos) poem. The unveiling took place on August 14th 2011.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Letymvou dead

Μνημείο πεσόντων Λετύμπου (2)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Λετύμπου (6)n

                Μνημείο πεσόντων Λετύμπου (5)n    Μνημείο πεσόντων Λετύμπου (7)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Λετύμπου (10)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Λετύμπου (11)n

 Artist: Andreas Makariou

Location: At the Letymvou village entrance. Pafos district. 

Material: Stone, granite, marble, copper

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Andreas Argyrou (Ανδρέας Αργυρού), Andreas Lardos (Ανδρέας Λάρδος), and Andreas Chrysostomou (Ανδρέας Χρυσοστόμου) who died during the inter-communal conflicts of 1963-64, and to Sotiris Maratheftis (Σωτήρης Μαραθεύτης) who died during the Turkish invasion.

The monument was commissioned by the Letymvou Sport Association “Sotirios” in 1989 and the unveiling took place on August 5th 1990. 

Keywords:

Μemorial to the Kouklia dead

Μνημείο πεσόντων Κουκλιών (1)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Κουκλιών (2)n

Artist:Unknown 

Location: Adjacent to Kouklia Police station. Pafos district.

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Kouklia Community and the unveiling took place during the 1980s. 

Keywords:

Charalambos Kalaitzis (Χαράλαμπος Καλαϊτζής) & Georgios Kleanthous (Γεώργιος Κλεάνθους) busts

Προτομές Γεώργιου Κλεάνθους και Χαράλαμπου Καλαϊτζή (4)n Προτομές Γεώργιου Κλεάνθους και Χαράλαμπου Καλαϊτζή (9)nΠροτομές Γεώργιου Κλεάνθους και Χαράλαμπου Καλαϊτζή (5)n Προτομές Γεώργιου Κλεάνθους και Χαράλαμπου Καλαϊτζή (7)n

Artists: Leonidas Spanos (for Charalambos Kalaitzis bust), Kypros Perdios (for Georgios Kleanthous bust)

Location: Panayia Evaghelistria church yard, Kathikas village. Pafos district.

Material: Granite, stone and marble

Dimensions: 145 cm x 39 cm x 39 cm

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou 

Kalaitzis bust was commissioned by the Kathikas Community and the unveiling took place in 1990. Kalaitzis died during the EOKA 1955-59 struggle.

Kleanthous’ bust was commissioned by Kleanthous’ family and the unveiling took place in 1990. Kleanthous died during the Turkish invasion in 1974.

Selected sources:
Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 29, 1990, p. 3. 

Keywords

Memorial to the Giolou dead

Προτομές Σάββα Αντωνιάδη και Τάκη Παναγιώτου (1)n Προτομές Σάββα Αντωνιάδη και Τάκη Παναγιώτου (3)n Προτομές Σάββα Αντωνιάδη και Τάκη Παναγιώτου (6)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Elementary school of Giolou. Pafos district.

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 142 cm x 54 cm x 45~55 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Giolou community and is dedicated to Savvas Antoniadis (Σάββας Αντωνιάδης) and Takis Panayiotou (Τάκης Παναγιώτου). The unveiling of the memorial took place on January 21st 2007.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/13.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Μνημείο Ηρώων - Έμπα (2)n Μνημείο Ηρώων - Έμπα (11)n Προτομή Γεώργιου Χριστοφόρουn Προτομή Γεώργιου Χριστοφόρου (3)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Apostle Andreas church yard, Empa village. Pafos district.

Material:  (of the bust) Copper 

Dimensions : (of the bust)144 cm x 39 cm x 34 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion, War Volunteers (Second World War).

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Empa Community and the unveiling took place on May 25th 2008. The bust was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), and an ad hoc private committee for the Christoforou memorial and the unveiling took place on November 11th 2008.

Selected sources:
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meeting Minutes April 10, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document November 14, 2008; Meeting Minutes October 9, 2008.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Drymou dead

Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (1)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (4)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (5)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (10)n

Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (3)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (6)n

Artist: Alexandros Santis 

Location: Situated at the entrance of Drymou village. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 134 cm x 47 cm x 35 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion, 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by Kykkos monastery and the Drymou Community. It is dedicated to Stelios Savvidis (Στέλιος Σαββίδης), Menelaos S. Menelaou (Μενέλαος Σ.  Μενελάου), Ioannis S. Aristodimou (Ιωάννης Σ. Αριστοδήμου) and Andreas K. Alkiviadis (Ανδρέας Κ. Αλκιβιάδη). The unveiling took place in 2000. 

Keywords:

Vasos Loizidis (Βάσος Λοϊζίδης) bust

Προτομή Βάσου Λοϊζίδη (2)n Προτομή Βάσου Λοϊζίδη (4)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Agios Epifanios church yard, Drouseia village. Pafos district.

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 102 cm (+20 cm he steps) x 40 cm x 41 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Drouseia Community Committee.

Keywords:

Kyriakos (Κυριάκος) and Sotiris (Σωτήρης) Papalazarou (Παπαλαζάρου) busts

Προτομές Σωτήρη και Κυριάκου Παπαλαζάρου (4)n Προτομές Σωτήρη και Κυριάκου Παπαλαζάρου (7)n Προτομές Σωτήρη και Κυριάκου Παπαλαζάρου (8)nΠροτομές Σωτήρη και Κυριάκου Παπαλαζάρου (5)n Προτομές Σωτήρη και Κυριάκου Παπαλαζάρου (19)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Cholertia Agios Panteleimonas church yard. Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 161 cm x 60 cm x 40 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion, Political assassinations

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Kyriakos Papalazarou was murdered in July 1973 by EOKA B’ supporters, and Sotiris Papalazarou was killed during the Turkish invasion in July 1974. Τhe memorial was commissioned by the United Democratic Youth Organization (EDON / ΕΔΟΝ, Ενιαία Δημοκρατική Οργάνωση Νεολαίας) and the unveiling took place on July 23th 1995.

Selected sources:
Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 19, 1995, p. 4.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, document October 4, 1995.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, Meeting Minutes February 12 & 19, 1998.

Keywords:

Christodoulos G. Polydorou (Χριστόδουλος Γ. Πολυδώρου) statue

Ανδριάντας Χριστόδουλου Γ. Πολυδώρου (1)n

Artist: Giorgos Kalakallas 

Location: Chlorakas Panagia Chryseleousis church yard. Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 2 meters (+ 50 cm the pedestal)

CategoryTurkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned in 1994 by the private committee for Christodoulos G. Polydorou memorial.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/11, Meeting Minutes June 28, 1993.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Amargeti dead and missing

Αφιέρωμα στον Αρέστη Παναγιώτου (αγνοούμενος)n Αφιέρωμα στον Γιαννάκη Γεωργίου (αγνοούμενος)n

Προτομή Αθανάση Γεωργίου (1)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοούμενων (γενική όψη) (2)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Zoodochou Piyi church yard. Pafos district.

Material: Stone and brass

Category1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Athanasios Georgiou (Αθανάσιος Γεωργίου) who died in July 1974 during the coup against Makarios III, and to the missing Yiannakis Georgiou (Γιαννάκη Γεωργίου) and Arestis Panayiotou (Αρέστη Παναγιώτου). Usually it is only the dead who are commemorated with a bust or a statue, while for the listed as missing it is only their name carved in stone, or a black and white photograph inserted on a pedestal or a commemorative wall. 

Personal notes are usual in these cases. Here, on Arestis Panayiotou’ pedestal is noted “We are waiting for you…”. 

A more eloquent note is carved on Yiannakis Georgiou’ plaque: “Years pass by, but your memory is always vivid. We keep you in our hearts waiting for your coming back. It will be a celebration day, that day. Our wish, Yiannakis, is that this plaque will be soon removed by your own hands”.

Athanasios Georgiou’s bust was commissioned by his family. The unveiling of the monument took place on July 2nd 2006.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (3)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (6)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Amargeti village square. Pafos district.

Material: Marble and brass 

CategoryEOKA 1955-59, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Sokratis Chatzievaghelou (Σωκράτης Χ’’Ευαγγέλου) who died during the 1955-59 struggles of EOKA; to Athanasios Christoforou (Αθανάσιος Χριστοφόρου) who died during the 1974 coup; and to Arestis Panayiotou (Αρέστης Παναγιώτου) and Yiannakis Georgiou (Γιαννάκης Γεωργίου) who are listed as missing. The unveiling of the monument seems to have taken place in 1994. It is noted that in family names the X’’ is an abbreviation of Chatzi-.

Selected sources: 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/14, document May 21, 2009. 

Keywords:

Memorial Park to the dead and missing Commandos

Πεσόντες και αγνοούμενοι καταδρομείς (1)n Πεσόντες και αγνοούμενοι καταδρομείς (8)n

ArtistNikolaos Kotziamanis

LocationEvropis Avenue, on the confines between Pafos and Geroskipou Municipalities. Pafos district.

CategoryTurkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was an initiative of the Reservist Commandos association and was commissioned by the Cypriot Archdiocese, the diocese of Pafos, the Municipalities of Pafos, Geroskipou and Pegea, and the Pafos’ district Reservist Commandos association. It is dedicated to the Cypriot and Greek dead and missing Commandos. The unveiling took place on April 13th 1997.

Selected sources
Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 11, 1997, p. 17.

Keywords:

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (1)n Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (4)n Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (17)n

Artist: Apostolos Fanakidis

Place: Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, entrance of Pafos city. Pafos district.

Material: Stone

Dimensions: 5 x 5 meters (the head of Makarios)

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Inter-communal conflicts 1967, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photograph: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned in 1992 by a private committee for the Makarios III-Resistance Memorial. Around Makarios’ over-sized head a series of plaques bear the names of all the dead fighters from Pafos since 1955. The unveiling took place on June 16th 1996. 

Selected sources
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 8, 1991, p. 10.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 20, 1994, p. 31.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 17, 1996, p. 3. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Πάφου (Pafos Municipality Archive), 12.96, documents December 11, 1992; June 8, 1993; June 2, 1994; November 30, 1995; November 6, 1996; November 29, 2006; February 1999; Meeting Minutes December 10, 1992.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

Προτομή Γιαννάκη Ταλιώτη και μνημείο για αγνοούμενο Τταπολόου (2)n
old location

Προτομή Γιαννάκη Ταλιώτη και μνημείο για αγνοούμενο Τταπολόου (4)n  Προτομή Γιαννάκη Ταλιώτη και μνημείο για αγνοούμενο Τταπολόου (8)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Agia Paraskevi square, Geroskipou. Pafos district.

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 144 cm x 60 cm x 40 cm (the bust)

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Yiannakis Taliotis (Γιαννάκης Ταλιώτης) and Michail Chr.Kyprianou (Μιχαήλ Χρ. Κυπριανού).Taliotis died in 1964 and Kyprianou is listed as missing. Taliotis’ bust was commissioned by the Geroskipou Municipality in 1988 and the unveiling in the first location took place in the early 1990s. Due to the renovation of the square, the bust was moved to its current position, next to Kyprianou’ bas relief, in 2011. The new unveiling took place on July 31st 2011.

Usually the memorials for the missing bear only their black and white photographs along with their names. In rare cases, when there are indications of their death, a bas relief is added to the memorial, as is the case here. Busts and statues are ways of commemoration strictly for the dead with only one exception, that of Tasos Markou statues at Nicosia and Paralimni.

Both old and new locations are presented here. The old location image is available here courtesy of Dr. Adrienne Christiansen.

Selected sources
Χαραυγή (Xaravgi), January 14, 1969, p. 4.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead Greek Commandos

Πεσόντες ΝΟΡ ΑΤΛΑΣ (3)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Geroskipou. Pafos district.

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Geroskipou Municipality and the Association of Pafos Reservist Commandos twenty seven years after the crash of NOR-ATLAS 52-139, ”NIKI 4”. The air transporter crashed over Makedonitissa area at Nicosia on July 22nd 1974 and as a consequence four Greek commandos died.  The unveiling took place on November 25th 2011.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 26, 2001, p. 10. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 28, 2001, p. 30.

Keywords:

 

Yiannakis Giovanis (Γιαννάκης Τζιοβάνης) bust

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis

Location: On the road from Vrisoules to Frenaros village. Ammochostos district.

Category: Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 2010 by the Paralimni Community committee.

Keywords

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing 2

xx-1n x-1n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos

Location: 2nd Paralimni elementary school. Ammochostos district.

Category: Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by Adamou Koumis family and is dedicated to the missing Theodoros Koumis.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

xxn xn

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos

Location: 1st Paralimni elementary school. Ammochostos district.

Material: Marble

Category:Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by Markou Glykenou family and is dedicated to the missing officer Symeon Glykenos.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Mother of the dead and missing

1.n  2n

Newlocation
new location

 Artist: Andreas Terentis

Location: On the main road of Agios Georgios settlement, opposite Vrisoules-Aheritou elementary school. Ammochostos district. 

Material: Marble 

Category: Cypriot women, Turkish invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Vrisoules community committee commissioned the memorial and funded its construction. The unveiling took place on September 14th 1997. In 2012 the memorial was restructured and moved in a new location. An exact copy of the statue is used for the memorial dedicated to the Cypriot mother at Aradippou village and for Kallipatira statue at Perivolia village, both of them in Larnaka district. All three are made by the same sculptor.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

1n 2n 3n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Frenaros community center. Ammochostos district. 

Category: Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to the dead fighters Dimitris A. Vrakas (Δημήτρης Α. Βρακάς) and Nikos K. Ttofi (Νίκος Κ. Ττοφή), and to the 1974 missing.

Selected sources
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών ΥπουργείουΠαιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, document June 15, 1995.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών ΥπουργείουΠαιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/14, documents September 26, 1996; September 30, 1996; Meeting Minutes November 7, 1996.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

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Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Next to Archbishop Makarios III church, Avgorou. Ammochostos district.  

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Vicky Karaiskou

In 1979 a local committee submitted an application to the Ministry of Education explaining the need to commemorate Makarios III along with the eight Avgorou dead during the 1955-59 struggles and the Turkish invasion. 

The application indicated as the most suitable place for the memorial the area behind the church. It also provided a rough aesthetic layout of the memorial. Seven years afterwards the monument was finished with the support of Avgorou Community and the Union of Avgorou expatriates in England. Although the current place of the memorial is the same as initially suggested, the final artwork followed a radically different aesthetic and structural layout.

The unveiling took place on March 22nd 1986.

Selected sources
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), December 16, 1962, p. 8.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου
Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-2.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου
Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-3, document
February 12, 1979.

Keywords

Church-like tent memorial

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Artist: Michlis Pambos

LocationAchna village square. Ammochostos district.

MaterialReinforced concrete

CategoryTurkish invasion 

PhotographyVicky Karaiskou

In 2001, the discussions for a monument dedicated to the refugees from Achna village was already ongoing between the Community’s Committee and the artist, Pampos Mihlis, who had submitted a proposal loaded with symbolisms. 

The monument, in the form of a church-like tent, was built within the main square of the new village, at the same spot where the refugees of the nearby Achna village camped in 1974 after the Turkish invasion of the village. 

According to Pampos Mihlis, the birds symbolize hope for freedom and the regaining of human values; the sleeping child is an allegory of the unknown future; and the photographs in the women’s hands underline the virtue of Memory. Although the initial artistic proposal seems to have undergone a series of changes, the main idea and the aforementioned symbolisms were maintained. 

In the entrance the female figures are depicted as fragmented, spectral shapes that give an impression of dead souls. Their rather abstract representations contrast with the realistic depictions of the two women sharing their anguish, exhaustion and despair inside the chapel. These mothers bear strong visual affinities with the black and white photographs that became familiar through international press, documenting the Cypriot refugees after the 1974 invasion. 

Selected sources
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01-2, document September 21, 2001.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01-4, document June 25, 2002.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01-13, document September 20, 2001.

Keywords:

Nikos M. Psaras (Νίκος Μ. Ψαρράς) bust

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Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location:  21st Paralimni Marine Scouts Association premises. Ammochostos district.

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 128 cm x 68 cm x 48 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The construction of the bust was commissioned by the 21st Paralimni Marine Scouts Association. The unveiling of the monument took place in 1995.

Keywords:

Paralimni dead and missing memorial

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Artist: Chr. Askotis and L. Seryiou (Χρ. Ασκώτης και Λ. Σεργίου)

Location: Paralimni Agios Dimitrios church. Ammochostos district. 

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The construction of the monument followed a decision of Agios Dimitrios church Committee. It is dedicated to the dead and the listed as missing of Paralimni. According to the nearby marble inscription, they sacrificed their lives “longing for their motherland’s freedom and peace”. The memorial was delivered in 2007.

Keywords:

Paralimni dead and missing heroes’ memorial

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Artist: Giorgos Kalakallas

Location: Paralimni Agios Georgios Park. Ammochostos district. 

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Turkish Invasion, National Guard

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The monument was commissioned by the Paralimni Municipality. It is dedicated to the dead of EOKA 1955-1959 struggles, to the dead and missing of the Turkish invasion and to two more locals who were shot dead in August 1996. It was delivered in 2002 and the unveiling took place on October 12th 2003. 

On the brass lid of the well the poet Kyriakos Charalambidis wrote: “What you look at, stranger, is a memorial to the Paralimni dead who sacrificed their lives in order to feed their souls and irrigate love for their motherland, which offers in return resurrection as a gift” (Αυτό που βλέπεις το πηγάδι, ξένε των Παραλιμνιωτών είναι μνημείο που πρόσφεραν ζωή, ψυχή ν’ αρδέψουν κι έρωτα γης πατρώας, π’ αντιχαρίζει ανάσταση ως βάφει το γαλάζιο). 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Ammochostos dead and missing

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Artist: Seryis Seryiou 

Location: Paralimni lyceum. Ammochostos district. 

Material: Stone 

Dimension: 125 cm x 52~69 cm x 42~50 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Seryis Seryiou was a teacher at Paralimni lyceum and a self-taught sculptor. The decision for the monument was taken by the school’s board. The necessary funds were raised among the “Friends of the Paralimni schools”, the Cooperative Bank of Paralimni and the Cypriot police force. The unveiling took place in 1999.

Keywords:

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

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Artist: Nikolaos Chr. Kotziamanis

Location: Paralimni Square. Ammochostos district. 

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Paralimni Municipality. The unveiling took place on December 7th 2008.

Keywords:

Memorial to the 1974 dead and missing

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Sculptors: Maro Bartzili & Thymios Panourias

Location: Deryneia municipality Park, Heroes Street. Ammochostos district. 

Material: Brass

Dimension: 2.30 meters in length 

CategoryTurkish Invasion

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

On September 30th 1999 Deryneia Municipality decided to run an art competition with a view to create a memorial to Deryneia dead and missing. According to the call: “The artwork should visualize the heroic concepts and the sacrifice of the dead. At the same time it should remind us of the missing and underline the hope of their return”.

The artists Maro Bartzili and Thymios Panourias won the competition describing their proposal as follows:

“On the left-hand side of the composition there is a hint to our longstanding culture and a wailing for its constant mutilation and desecration. The ‘falling dead’ […] is framed by the missing in low relief. They experience the tragedy of this land, wailing and awaiting a solution. The dead man’s extended left hand is pointing to Ammochostos. He calls us to continue our claim for a free land. He asks the return of the towns where we grew and the relegation of our personal and historical puzzle. On the back side of the brass wall a tree is growing. It is the “do not forget” tree with its deep roots. It is the tree of human rights, self-determination and cultural growth”.     

The selection panel called a gathering of all Deryneia citizens in May 2000 in order to present all the submitted artistic proposals, along with the winning one.

In October 2000, as is apparent from the correspondence between the two artists and the Municipality’s selection panel, there were differing views on the aesthetic formation of the monument’s concepts. These differences were ignited when members of the panel visited the artists’ workshop to supervise the development of the work. 

The comments, on behalf of the panel members, focused on the lack of the necessary feeling of sadness the end result should exude. They underlined the lack of emotion of the standing woman towards the seated female headless figure, the personification of Greek culture. Attention was stressed on the features of all figures which should preserve a distinct level of abstractness in their depiction. The relationship between the falling man and the low relief figures of the missing behind him was another point that caused skepticism: their form had to permit the bridging of past and future, maintaining a symbolic link between the missing and the main male figure. For the same reasons the tree at the rear of the monument had to spread all over the wall’s surface.

The final version of the monument met midway the Municipality’s selection panel requirements and the artistic views. The unveiling took place on July 22nd 2001, symbolically coinciding with the commemoration of the Turkish invasion.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 29, 2000, p. 4. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 2, 2001, p. 22.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/17, Meeting Minutes June 11, 1998.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/18. 
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, Meetings Minutes September 30, 1999; October 12, 1999.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/21.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/22, Meetings Minutes October 30, 2000; January 18, 2001.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/5, document May 24, 2001.

Keywords:

Untitled

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Artist: Philippos Yiapanis

Location: Ammochostos Cultural Center, Deryneia. Ammochostos district. 

Material: Brass

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The artwork was offered to Deryneia Municipality by the sculptor himself. According to the dedicatory plaque situated in front of the artwork: “It was executed and offered from the sculptor Phillipos Yiapanis as a commemoration to his father and to all those who he loved and those who did not manage to reach their Ithaca”. The unveiling of the monument took place in 2004.

On the aforementioned plaque, Deryneia Municipality authorities noted: 

“We will stand on this land where we were born, like windswept trees; like trees wiped by thunderstorms cherishing the fruit in gestation. We will stand on this land where we were born, keeping alive the memory of our ancestors; with love for our descendants; and a blissful serenity inside us.Dedicated to all those who lost their lives during the whirlwind of evil, either because they were killed, or because they are missing. Or because they did not make it in time”. 

Keywords:

Christakis Pieri Christou (Χριστάκης Πιερή Χρίστου) bust

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Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Medieval monastery square, Agia Napa. Ammochostos district.

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 154 cm x 53 cm x 42 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The commission of the bust was assigned to the sculptor by the Agia Napa Municipality. It was concluded in 2011 and the unveiling took place on July 24 of the same year.

Keywords:

Yiannakis A. Pappoulis (Γιαννάκης Α. Παππουλής) bust

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 Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Medieval monastery square, Agia Napa. Ammochostos district. 

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 135 cm x 54 cm x 43 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion

Institution: Agia Napa municipality. 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The unveiling of the monument took place on August 25th 1991.

Selected sources:
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 24, 1991, p.10.

Keywords: