Category Archives: The Committee for the Restoration of Democracy in Greece (ΕΑΔΕ/EADE)

Political assassinations

From 1960, and until shortly after the 1974 coup, a series of political assassinations took place among Greek Cypriots of opposing political stances. The unfulfilled goal of official union (enosis) with Greece (see categories Union (enosis) and EOKA 1955-59) and Makarios’ III gradual abandonment of the union goal, gave rise to the paramilitary groups of National Front (1969-1970) and EOKA B’, in 1971 (see category 1974 Coup). These conflicts regarding what was considered to be the “correct” way to serve the nation’s ideals peaked between 1972-1974.

Aristoklis Avgousti (Αριστοκλής Αυγουστή) bust

Doros Loizos (Δώρος Λοΐζος) bust

Evripidis Nouros (Ευριπίδης Νούρος) bust

Georgios Fotiou (Γεώργιος Φωτίου) bust

Kostas Misiaoulis (Κώστας Μισιαούλης) and Dervis Ali Kavazoglu (Ντερβίς Αλί Καβάζογλου) busts

Kyriakos (Κυριάκος) and Sotiris (Σωτήρης) Papalazarou (Παπαλαζάρου) busts

Stelios Mavros (Στέλιος Μαύρος) bust

Patsalos Kikis (Πάτσαλος Κίκης) 

He is Cypriot in origins, born in Birmingham, England. He studied sculpture in Sir John Cass School of Art in London. He represented Cyprus in the 1978 Budapest Biennial.
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Apollonios from Kition (Απολλώνιος ο Κιτιεύς) bust

Iraklis Efthymiou Loizou (Ηρακλής Ευθυμίου Λοΐζου) bust 

Monument to the Mother of many children

Zinon Kitiefs (Ζήνων ο Κιτιεύς) statue

 

Pavlopoulos Nikolas (Παυλόπουλος Νικόλας)

He was born at Pelion, Greece, in 1909 and died in 1990. He was a self-taught artist and worked mainly on public sculpture where he applied the academic aesthetic style. After his death the “Nikolas Municipal Museum” was founded at his birthplace. More information on his work at: http://www.glyptothiki.gr/
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Demetris Hamatsos (Δημήτρης Χαμάτσος) statue

The call for Peace

 

Papayiannis Theodoros (Παπαγιάννης Θεόδωρος)

He was born in Ioannina, Greece, in 1942. He studied sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts and in Paris. He has taught sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts since 1970.
More information on his work at: http://theodoros-papagiannis.gr/en/node
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1st Symposium, Limassol

Gulls

Limassol Symposia

 

Papacharalambous Maria (Παπαχαραλάμπους Μαρία)

She was born in Nicosia in 1964. She studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts, and in Spain. More information on her work at: http://www.maria-papacharalambous.net/
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Olympic Hall Sculptures

Paleologos Konstantinos (Παλαιολόγος Κωνσταντίνος)

He was born in Serres, Greece, in 1939. He studied painting and sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts. The bulk of his work constitutes of memorial sculpture of academic aesthetics.
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Nikos Kranidiotis (Νίκος Κρανιδιώτης) bust

Moraitis Petros (Μωραΐτης Πέτρος)

He was born on the island of Tinos, Greece, in 1913 and had been a student of the renowned sculptor Yiannoulis Chalepas. During his military career he served as artistic advisor to the armed forces and produced primarily memorial sculptures.
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Georgios Azinas (Γεώργιος Αζίνας) bust

Minopoulos Thanasis (Μηνόπουλος Θανάσης)

He was born in Florina, Greece, in 1931 and died in 1982. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts. He completed further studies in Istanbul, Zurich and Vienna. The main part of his work consisted of memorial sculpture where he applied the academic, idealized aesthetics, blended with heroic symbolisms.
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Memorial to Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής)

Makris Memos (Μακρής Μέμος)

He was born in Patras, Greece, in 1913 and he died in 1993. He studied sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts and in Paris. Large parts of his work consist of public memorial sculpture. From 1950 he lived in Hungary, where he sought political asylum after being deported from Paris. His public works can be found in Austria, Hungary, Greece, Sweden, France, Germany, and Cyprus. More information on his work at:
http://www.nationalgallery.gr/site/content.php?artist_id=4761&sel=352
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Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Makridis Aggelos (Μακρίδης Άγγελος)

He was born in Ammochostos, Cyprus, in 1942. He studied sculpture in the School of Fine Arts in Athens. He participated at the Alexandria Biennale in 1969, the Biennale of Sao Paulo in 1969 and 1971, and the Venice Biennale in 1972.
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Andreas D. Geroudis (Ανδρέας Δ. Γερούδης) bust

Ceremonial gathering

Loizidou Maria (Λοΐζίδου Μαρία)

She was born in Limassol in 1958. She studied Visual Arts in Lyon and art history, scenery and philosophy in Paris. She presented her work at the Biennial of Young Mediterranean Artists in Marseille in 1985, the Venice Biennale in 1986, and the Biennial of Young Mediterranean Artists in Barcelona in 1987. More information on her work at: http://marialoizidou.com/
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Like a tree

Lapithi Lia (Λαπίθη Λία)

She was born in Nicosia in 1963. She completed fine arts and environmental architecture studies at the University of California Santa Cruz, California.  More information on her work at: http://www.lialapithi.com/
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The tree of knowledge

Olympic Hall Sculptures

Kyprianou Maria (Κυπριανού Μαρία)

She was born in Cyprus. She studied at the School of Fine Arts in Thessaloniki and Athens. More information on her work at: http://www.mariakyprianou.com/cv.htm
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2nd Symposium

Couta Melita (Κούτα Μελίτα)

She was born in Nicosia in 1974. She studied at Saint Martins College of Arts and Design in London. More information on her work at: http://www.melitacouta.com/
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Olympic Hall Sculptures

Koulendros Savvas (Κουλένδρος Σάββας)

He is a self-taught artist. He was involved with sculpture in his 50s. More information on his work at: www.petreonsculptures.com
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Petreon sculpture park

Korovessi Aggelika (Κοροβέση Αγγέλικα)

She was born in Pirgos Ilias, Greece, in 1952. She studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts. Her work is mostly predicated on the human form. More information on her work at: www.aggelika.gr
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Ourania Kokkinou (Ουρανία Κοκκίνου) bust

Kentonis Achilleas (Κεντώνης Αχιλλέας)

He was born in Nicosia in 1963. He studied electrical engineering and photography at the University of South Alabama in the USA and engraving in Madrid. More information on his work at: http://www.achilleas-kentonis.net/
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Olympic Hall Sculptures

Dikefalos Kostas (Δικέφαλος Κώστας)

He was born on the island of Zakynthos, Greece, in 1956. He studied sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts. In his work he was influenced by ancient Greek sculpture, the anthropomorphic vessels and the Cycladic statues. The human figure as well as geometric forms and elements constitute the main themes in his work.
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1st Symposium (Limassol)

Constantinou Dimitris (Κωνσταντίνου Δημήτρης)

Untitled

Artemis Ant. (Αρτέμης Αντ.)

Sisyphus

Antoniou Klitsa (Αντωνίου Κλίτσα)

She was born in Nicosia in 1968 and studied at the Central St Martin’s School of Art and Design and the Pratt Institute in New York.
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Olympic Hall Sculptures

Tzompanakis Manolis (Τζομπανάκης Μανώλης)

He was born in Crete, Greece, in 1943. He studied sculpture in Italy. He lives and works between Greece and Italy.
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2nd Symposium, Limassol

Tsaras Giorgos (Τσάρας Γιώργος)

He was born in Thessaloniki in 1951. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts. He teaches sculpture at the School of Fine Arts of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. More information on his work at: http://www.dimos-lokron.gov.gr/el/node/160
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1st Symposium, Limassol

Sochos Antonis (Σώχος Αντώνης)

He was born on the island of Tinos, Greece, in1888 and died in 1975. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts and in Paris. During the first period of his work (1920-1930) he was influenced by the archaic sculpture. After the Second World War his interest turned to folk art and the use of wood.
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Abbot Iakovos Michailidis Myrianthefs bust

Nikodimos Mylonas Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Νικόδημος Μυλωνάς) bust

Nikolaos P. Lanitis (Νικόλαος Π. Λανίτης) statue

Vasilis Michaelidis (Βασίλης Μιχαηλίδης) bust

Riganas Christos (Ρηγανάς Χρίστος)

He was born in Kalamata, Greece, in 1944 and studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts.
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2nd Symposium, Limassol

Georgandi Loukia (Γεωργαντή Λουκία)

She was born in Athens in 1919. She attended art classes as a free listener at the École des Beaux-Arts of Paris and the Academia di Belle Arti of Florence. In her work she applied academic realism and naturalism. She worked mainly on memorial sculpture.
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Memorial to the students who died during EOKA 1955-59

Chouliaras Giorgos (Χουλιαράς Γιώργος)

He was born in Ioannina, Greece, in 1947. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts and was granted various scholarships through which he studied sculpture and ceramics in the West Surrey College of Art in England, the Ėcole des Beaux arts and the Ėcole Superieure des Arts et Metiers in Paris. More information on his work at http://www.sculpture.asfa.gr/worksh.htm and http://www.sculpture.asfa.gr/houliaras.htm
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2nd Symposium (Limassol)

Antoniadou Athina (Αντωνιάδου Αθηνά)

She was born in Nicosia in 1962. She studied at the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland California. Since 2001 she works in Berlin, where she has her studio. More information on her work at: http://www.theodoulosart.com/
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Olympic Hall Sculptures

Varotsos Costas (Βαρώτσος Κώστας)

He was born in Athens in 1955. He studied painting and architecture at the Accademia di Belle Arti, in Rome. He is one of the most renowned artists of his generation in Greece and his work is internationally recognized. More information on his work at: http://costasvarotsos.blogspot.com/
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Anelixis (Advancement)

The poet

Vasili Vasilis (Βασίλη Βασίλης)

He was born in Nord Epirus, part of Albania and studied at the School of Fine Arts in Athens. In 1999 he was granted a scholarship from The Greek Foundation of Scholarships and from Onassis Foundation and moved to the United States.
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2nd Symposium, Limassol

3rd Symposium, Polis Chrysochou

Yiapanis Philippos (Γιαπάνης Φίλιππος)

He was born in Famagusta in 1957. He is a self-taught sculptor. He has produced a significant number of public monuments and sculptures in Cyprus and abroad. More information on his work at: http://www.yiapanis-sculptor.com/index2.php
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A sculpture for Liberty

Alekos Konstantinou (Αλέκου Κωνσταντίνου) and Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) busts 

Andreas Onisiforou (Ανδρέας Ονησιφόρου) bust

Artemis Frantzeskou (Αρτέμης Φραντζέσκου) and Toumazos Toumazou (Τουμάζος Τουμάζου) busts

Dimitris Klitou (Δημήτρης Κλείτου) bust

Dimitris Petrou Apesiotis (Δημήτρης Πέτρου Απαισιώτης) bust

Evaggelos Moulotos (Ευάγγελος Μουλωτός) statue

Freedom message to the world

Georgios Koubaris (Γεώργιος Κουμπαρής) bust

Georgios Mich. Drakos (Γεώργιος Μιχ. Δράκος) bust

Leontios Gerasimou (Λεόντιος Γερασίμου) and Apostolos Kouris (Απόστολος Κουρής) busts

Liberty Monument – Memorial to Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου)

Limassol My Love “Loulis”

Memorial to the Cyprus Workers Confederation

Memorial to the Geri EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 heroes

Memorial to the National Guard Chief Officers – Helicopter crash

Memorial to the Pachna Heroes

Memorial to the Pano Arodes EOKA 1955-59 dead

Memorial to the Styllon dead and missing

Mermaid

Michail Koukkis (Μιχαήλ Κουκκής) and Andreas Dimitriou (Ανδρέας Δημητρίου) busts

Olympic Hall Sculptures

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) bust

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) bust

The Cypriot woman farmer

Twinning

Understanding, Solidarity and Fellowship

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled

Yiannakis Giovanis (Γιαννάκης Τζιοβάνης) bust

Tserkezou Dimitra (Τσερκέζου Δήμητρα)

She was born in Istanbul in 1920. She studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts and in Milan.
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Petros Iliadis (Πέτρος Ηλιάδης) bust

Trezos Ioannis (Τρέζος Ιωάννης)

He was born in Izmir in 1913. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts. In his work he applied the academic forms and focused mainly on memorial sculpture.
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Kostas Chatzikakos (Κώστας Χατζηκάκος) bust

Tombros Michalis (Τόμπρος Μιχάλης)

He was born in Athens in 1889 and died in 1974. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Athens and at the Académie Julian in Paris. He is considered to be one of the most prominent and influential sculptors in Greece between the world wars. His long periods in Paris gave him the opportunity to mingle with the avant-garde tendencies, although his work in Greece followed the conservative aesthetics.
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Kostis Palamas (Κωστής Παλαμάς) bust

Loizos Filippou (Λοΐζος Φιλίππου) bust

Thymopoulos Andreas (Θυμόπουλος Ανδρέας)

He was born in Famagusta in 1881 and died in 1953. He studied sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts with a scholarship from the Archbishopric of Cyprus. He is listed as the first qualified Cypriot sculptor.
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Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Athina K. Dianellou (Αθηνά Κ. Διανέλλου) and Evgenia A. Theodotou (Ευγενία Α. Θεοδότου) busts

Ioannis Vergopoulos (Ιωάννης Βεργόπουλος) bust

Theodoulou Theodoulos (Θεόδουλος Θεοδούλου)

He was born in Famagusta, Cyprus, in 1947 and died in 2008. He studied sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts. He dealt in particular with commemorative public sculpture.
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Andreas Georgiou (Ανδρέας Γεωργίου) bust

Andreas Vlamis (Ανδρέας Βλάμης) and Platonas Stylianou (Πλάτωνας Στυλιανού) busts

Andreas Pantelidis (Ανδρέας Παντελίδης) bust

Evripidis Nouros (Ευριπίδης Νούρος) bust

Georgios Grivas (Γεώργιος Γρίβας) statue

Ioannis Stavrianos (Ιωάννης Σταυριανός) bust

Ilias Kannaouros/Christofis Christofi (Ηλίας Καννάουρος/Χριστοφής Χριστοφή) statue

Ilias Kannaouros (Ηλίας Καννάουρος) statue

Memorial to the school generation

Memorial to “The Mother”

Monument to Memory and Honor

Nikos Karasamanis (Νίκος Καρασαμάνης) statue

Periklis Perikleous (Περικλής Περικλέους) bust

Petrakis Yallouros (Πετράκης Γιάλλουρος) bust

Sokratis Neophytou Sokratous (Σωκράτης Νεοφύτου Σωκράτους) bust

Vanios Spanias (Βάνιος Σπανιάς) bust

Symeonidis Chrisimos Christos (Συμεωνίδης Χρίσιμος Χρίστος)

He was born in Cyprus in 1946 and studied fine arts in Canada. His work focuses mainly on memorial sculpture. More information on his work at: http://chrisimos.com/el
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Andreas Geroudis (Ανδρέας Γερούδης) bust

Archimandrite Ieronymos Myriantheas (Αρχιμανδρίτης Ιερώνυμος Μυριανθέας) bust

Iakovos Patatsos (Ιάκωβος Πατάτσος) statue

Fidias Symeonidis (Φειδίας Συμεωνίδης) and Tryfonas Tryfonas (Τρύφωνας Τρύφωνας) busts

Kyriakos Apeitos (Κυριάκος Απέητος) bust

Memorial to the Kythrea dead

Memorial to Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός)

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 heroes

Memorial to the Prodromos’ Archbishops

Memorial to Apeiteios School benefactors

Memorial to the Pitsilia Women Fighters

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing 2 

Memorial to the Polis Chrysochou dead

Michail Koutsoftas (Μιχαήλ Κουτσόφτας) and Andreas Panagidis (Ανδρέας Παναγίδης) busts 

Nearchos Kliridis (Νέαρχος Κληρίδης) bust

Paralimni mother monument

Stavros Stylianidis (Σταύρος Στυλιανίδης) and Pantelis Katelaris (Παντελής Κατελάρης) busts 

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) statue

Thanos Georgiou Kleovoulou (Θάνος Γεωργίου Κλεοβούλου) bust

Theodosis Pieridis (Θεοδόσης Πιερίδης) bust

Stratis Socrates (Στρατής Σωκράτης)

Like a tree

Spanos Leonidas (Σπανός Λεωνίδας)

He was born in Nicosia in 1955. He graduated from the School of Fine Arts in Prague. More information on his work at:
http://www.gloriagallery.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79%3Aleonidas-spanos&catid=77%3Aartists&Itemid=473&lang=gr
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Alexandria Patriarch Petros VII (Πατριάρχης Αλεξανδρείας Πέτρος Ζ’) statue

Andreas Georgiou (Ανδρέας Γεωργίου) statue

Andreas Moditis (Ανδρέας Μοδίτης) and Kypros Petsas (Κύπρος Πέτσας) busts

Andreas Patsalidis (Ανδρέας Πατσαλίδης) and Charalambos Pettemeridis (Χαράλαμπος Πεττεμερίδης) statues

Antonis Antoniou (Αντώνης Αντωνίου) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) and Georgios Grivas Digenis (Γεώργιος Γρίβας Διγενής) busts

Charalambos Kalaitzis (Χαράλαμπος Καλαϊτζής) & Georgios Kleanthous (Γεώργιος Κλεάνθους) busts

Charilaos Michail (Χαρίλαος Μιχαήλ) statue

Christakis G. Mina (Χριστάκης Γ. Μηνά) bust

Christakis Pieri Christou (Χριστάκης Πιερή Χρίστου) bust

Dimitrakis Dimitriadis (Δημητράκης Δημητριάδης) statue

Dimosthenis Mitsis (Δημοσθένης Μιτσής) bust

Dimosthenis Mitsis (Δημοσθένης Μιτσής) bust

Elias Papakyriakou (Ηλίας Παπακυριακού) bust

Epaminondas Epaminonda (Επαμεινώνδας Επαμεινώνδα) bust

Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) statue

Evagoras Papachristophorou (Ευαγόρας Παπαχριστοφόρου) statue

Evdoras Vasilaras (Εύδωρας Βασιλαράς) bust

Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) statue

Georgios Eikosaris (Γεώργιος Εικοσάρης) bust

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) statue

Iakovos A. Iakovidis (Ιάκωβος Α. Ιακωβίδης) bust

Ioannis Hadjipavlou Ioannides (Ιωάννης Xατζηπαύλου Ιωαννίδης) bust

Kostas Loizou (Κώστας Λοΐζου) bust

Kostas Misiaoulis (Κώστας Μισιαούλης) and Dervis Ali Kavazoglu (Ντερβίς Αλί Καβάζογλου) busts

Kyriakos (Κυριάκος) and Sotiris (Σωτήρης) Papalazarou (Παπαλαζάρου) busts

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) statue

Lazaros Georgiou (Λάζαρος Γεωργίου) statue

Leonidas Papakostas (Λεωνίδας Παπακώστας) bust

Manos Loizos (Μάνος Λοΐζος) bust

Memorial to the Dali dead and missing

Memorial to the Erimi heroes

Memorial to Georgios Koulappis (Γεώργιος Κουλαππής)

Memorial to the Aradippou dead during the national fights

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the dead during the 1974 coup

Memorial to Mosfileri dead and missing

Memorial to the Nata dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing & Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Michail Kkasialos (Μιχαήλ Κκάσιαλος) statue

Michail Yiorgallas (Μιχαήλ Γιωργάλλας) bust

Monument to the Working Class Heroes

Nikos M. Psaras (Νίκος Μ. Ψαρράς) bust

Nikos Nikolaou (Νίκος Νικολάου) bust

Nitsa Chatzigeorgiou (Νίτσα Χατζηγεωργίου) bust

Pavlos Liasidis (Παύλος Λιασίδης) statue

Pavlos Pavlidis (Παύλος Παυλίδης) bust

Spyros Chatziyakoumis (Σπύρος Χ’’Γιακουμής) bust

Stavros Stylianidis (Σταύρος Στυλιανίδης) bust

Stelios Kiriakidis (Στέλιος Κυριακίδης) statue 

Stelios Mavrommatis (Στέλιος Μαυρομμάτης) bust

The 1955-59 Heroes’ grove

Tefktros Anthias (Τεύκρος Ανθίας) bust

The EOKA 1955-59 guerrilla fighter statue and heroes’ busts

Themistoklis Dervis (Θεμιστοκλής Δέρβης) bust

Theodoros A. Papakonstantis (Θεόδωρος Α. Παπακωνσταντή) bust

Vladimiros Kafkaridis (Βλαδίμηρος Καυκαρίδης) bust

Yiannis P. Groutas (Γιάννης Π. Γρούτας) bust

Yiannakis A. Pappoulis (Γιαννάκης Α. Παππουλής) bust

Seryiou Seryis (Σεργίου Σέργης)

He was born in Paralimni in 1948. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts and at the Academia di Belle Arti in Florence, Italy.
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Memorial to the Ammochostos dead and missing

Savvides Andreas (Σαββίδης Ανδρέας)

He was born in Kyrenia, Cyprus, in 1930. He studied sculpture in Great Britain.
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Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust and memorial

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III bust

Bishop Ioannis Phoradaris (Ιωάννης Φοραδάρης) and Ioannis Mavridis (Ιωάννης Μαυρίδης) busts

Canon Frank Darvall Newham bust

Christos Tsiartas (Χρίστος Τσιάρτας) and Andreas Panayiotou (Ανδρέας Παναγιώτου) statues

Dimitris Lipertis (Δημήτρης Λιπέρτης) bust

Dimitrakis Papamiltiadous (Δημητράκης Παπαμιλτιάδους) bust

Dimosthenis Georgiou (Δημοσθένης Γεωργίου) bust

Georgios Fotiou (Γεώργιος Φωτίου) bust

Georgios Chr. Katsaris (Γεώργιος Χρ. Κατσαρής) bust

Georgios Xanthos Chr. Tsikouris (Γεώργιος Ξάνθος Χρ. Τσικουρής) bust

Konstantinos Spyridakis (Κωνσταντίνος Σπυριδάκις) bust

Kostakis Savvidis (Κωστάκης Σαββίδης) and Filippos Kritiotis (Φίλιππος Κρητιώτης) busts

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) bust

Markos Drakos (Μάρκος Δράκος) statue

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’)

Memorial to Christos Kkelis (Χρίστος Κκέλης) and Georgios Michail (Γιώργος

Memorial to Sophia Vempo (Σοφία Βέμπω)

Michail Georgiou (Μιχαήλ Γεωργίου) bust

Memorial to the dead and missing 

Nikos Karapatakis (Νίκος Καραπατάκης) bust

Odysseas Kl. Nikolaou (Οδυσσέας Κλ. Νικολάου) bust

Petrakis Kyprianou (Πετράκης Κυπριανού) statue

Stelios L. Siepis (Στέλιος Λ. Σιέπης) bust

Sotiris Tsaggaris (Σωτήρης Τσαγγάρης) statue

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) statue

Rachoutis Fanis (Ραχούτης Φάνης)

He was born in Athens in 1949. He studied sculpture in the Academia di Belle Arti in Rome. His work is anthropocentric, but also includes abstract compositions and shapes of animals in bronze and wood.
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1st Symposium, Polis Chrysochou

Potamitis Fedon (Ποταμίτης Φαίδων)

Argyros I. Drousiotis (Αργυρός Ι. Δρουσιώτης) bust

Georgios Nikodimou (Γεώργιος Νικοδήμου) bust

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Memorial to Solonas Michailidis (Σόλωνας Μιχαηλίδης)

Memorial to the Limassol dead and resistance

Petros Tsiros (Πέτρος Τσίρος) bust

Ploutis Servas (Πλουτής Σέρβας) bust

Sergeant Christakis S. Neokleous Zenios (Λοχίας Χριστάκης Σ. Νεοκλέους Ζένιος) bust

Viktoras Ioannidis (Βίκτωρας Ιωαννίδης) bust

Yiannakis Christoforou (Γιαννάκης Χριστοφόρου) bust

Perdios Chrysostomos (Περδίος Χρυσόστομος)

He was born in Limassol, Cyprus in 1907 and died in 1987. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts. In his workshop in Limassol he created mostly busts and funerary monuments. In his work he applied the realistic academic and romantic aesthetics. He was described as “the most important link between folk and art sculpture creation” in Cyprus.
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Andreas Themistokleous (Ανδρέας Θεμιστοκλέους) bust

Andreas Vlamis (Ανδρέας Βλάμης) bust

Dimitris Arminiotis (Δημήτρης Αρμινιώτης) bust

Efthymios Oratis (Ευθύμιος Οράτης) bust

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Memorial to Anafotia heroes

Memorial to the Vavla Benefactors

Nikos Nikolaidis (Νίκος Νικολαΐδης) bust

Stelios Mavrou (Στέλιος Μαύρου) bust

Solomon Panagidis (Οικονόμος Σολομών Παναγίδης) bust

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) bust

Notaras Ioannis (Νοταράς Ιωάννης)

He was born in Athens, Greece, in 1907. He studied sculpture in Rome.
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Athina K. Dianellou (Αθηνά Κ. Διανέλλου) and Evgenia A. Theodotou (Ευγενία Α. Θεοδότου) busts

Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός) bust

Filios Zannetos (Φίλιος Ζαννέτος) bust 

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (Liberty Monument)

Nikolaos Katalanos (Νικόλαος Καταλάνος) bust

Moustakas Evangelos (Μουστάκας Ευάγγελος)

He was born in Piraeus, Greece, in 1930. He studied sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts and in Florence, Italy. On his public sculptures he applies diverse aesthetic styles. More information on his work at: http://www.nationalgallery.gr/site/content.php?artist_id=4769&sel=352
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Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) statue

Monument to Memory and Honor

The 1955-59 Heroes’ grove

Public Figures

Alexander Pushkin bust

Andis Pernaris (Άντης Περνάρης) bust

Andreas Ellinas (Ανδρέας Έλληνας) bust

Andreas Themistokleous (Ανδρέας Θεμιστοκλέους) bust

Antonios Theodotou (Αντώνιος Θεοδότου) bust

Antonis Papadopoulos (Αντώνης Παπαδόπουλος) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) and Georgios Grivas Digenis (Γεώργιος Γρίβας Διγενής) busts

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios ΙΙΙ (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archimandrite Ieronymos Myriantheas (Αρχιμανδρίτης Ιερώνυμος Μυριανθέας) bust

Argyros Drousiotis (Αργυρός Δρουσιώτης) bust

Argyros I. Drousiotis (Αργυρός Ι. Δρουσιώτης) bust

Athina K. Dianellou (Αθηνά Κ. Διανέλλου) and Evgenia A. Theodotou (Ευγενία Α. Θεοδότου) busts

Bishop Ioannis Phoradaris (Ιωάννης Φοραδάρης) and Ioannis Mavridis (Ιωάννης Μαυρίδης) busts

Canon Frank Darvall Newham bust

Christodoulos Galatopoulos (Χριστόδουλος Γαλατόπουλος) bust

Christodoulos Sozos (Χριστόδουλος Σώζος) bust

Christoforos Christoforou (Χριστόφορος Χριστοφόρου) and Eleni Papachristoforou (Ελένη Παπαχριστοφόρου) busts

Cypriot Policeman statue

Damianos Kyriakou (Δαμιανός Κυριάκου) and Kostas Damianou (Κώστας Δαμιανού) busts

Dimitrakis Dianellos (Δημητράκης Διανέλλος) bust

Dimitris Dimitriou (Δημήτρης Δημητρίου) bust

Dimitris Lipertis (Δημήτρης Λιπέρτης) bust

Dimosthenis Mitsis (Δημοσθένης Μιτσής) bust

Dimosthenis Mitsis (Δημοσθένης Μιτσής) bust

Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός) bust

Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός) bust

Doros Loizos (Δώρος Λοΐζος) bust

Efthymios Oratis (Ευθύμιος Οράτης) bust

Evriviadis Antoniadis (Ευρυβιάδης Αντωνιάδης) bust

Filios Zannetos (Φίλιος Ζαννέτος) bust

Fr. Seraphinus Αb Arce Scalinea bust

Frixos Dimitriou (Φρίξος Δημητρίου) bust

Giorgos Katsounotos (Γιώργος Κατσουνωτός) bust

Iakovos A. Iakovidis (Ιάκωβος Α. Ιακωβίδης) bust

Ihsan Ali (Ιχσάν Αλή) bust

Ioannis Christophorou (Ιωάννης Χριστοφόρου) bust

Ioannis Vergopoulos (Ιωάννης Βεργόπουλος) bust

Konstantinos Fitidis (Κωνσταντίνος Φοιτίδης) bust

Konstantinos Kalogeras (Κωνσταντίνος Καλογεράς) bust

Konstantinos Spyridakis (Κωνσταντίνος Σπυριδάκις) bust

Konstantinos Zahariadis (Κωνσταντίνος Ζαχαριάδης) and Stylianos Apostolidis (Στυλιανός Αποστολίδης) busts

Kostas Chatzikakos (Κώστας Χατζηκάκος) bust

Kostas M. Pyrros (Κώστας Μ. Πύρρος) bust

Kostas Montis (Κώστας Μόντης) and Marios Tokas (Μάριος Τόκας) busts

Kostis Palamas (Κωστής Παλαμάς) bust

Kostis Palamas (Κωστής Παλαμάς) bust

Kyriakos Apeitos (Κυριάκος Απέητος) bust

Loizos Filippou (Λοΐζος Φιλίππου) bust

Manos Loizos (Μάνος Λοΐζος) bust

Memorial to Apeiteios School benefactors

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’)

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to Konstantinos Leventis (Κωνσταντίνος Λεβέντης)

Memorial to Solonas Michailidis (Σόλωνας Μιχαηλίδης)

Memorial to Sophia Vempo (Σοφία Βέμπω)

Memorial to the Benefactors Alexandra N. Iacovidis (Αλεξάνδρα Ν. Ιακωβίδη) and Nikolaos Iacovidis (Νικόλαος Ιακωβίδης)

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Memorial to the Vavla Benefactors

Michail Georgiou (Μιχαήλ Γεωργίου) bust

Michail Kkasialos (Μιχαήλ Κκάσιαλος) statue

Nearchos Kliridis (Νέαρχος Κληρίδης) bust

Nikolaos Floridis (Νικόλαος Φλωρίδης) statue

Nikolaos Katalanos (Νικόλαος Καταλάνος) bust

Nikolaos Kl. Lanitis (Νικόλαος Κλ. Λανίτης) bust

Nikolaos Nikolaidis (Νικόλαος Νικολαΐδης) bust

Nikolaos P. Lanitis (Νικόλαος Π. Λανίτης) statue

Nikos Karapatakis (Νίκος Καραπατάκης) bust

Nikos Karapatakis (Νίκος Καραπατάκης) bust

Nikos Kranidiotis (Νίκος Κρανιδιώτης) bust

Nikos Kranidiotis (Νίκος Κρανιδιώτης) bust

Nikos Nikolaidis (Νίκος Νικολαΐδης) bust

Pashalis Pashalidis (Πασχάλης Πασχαλίδης) bust

Pavlos Liasidis (Παύλος Λιασίδης) bust

Pavlos Liasidis (Παύλος Λιασίδης) statue

Pavlos Pavlidis (Παύλος Παυλίδης) bust

Pavlos Xioutas (Παύλος Ξιούτας) bust

Petros Tsiros (Πέτρος Τσίρος) bust

Ploutis Servas (Πλουτής Σέρβας) bust

Solomon Panagidis (Οικονόμος Σολομών Παναγίδης) bust

Spyros Kyprianou (Σπύρος Κυπριανού) bust

Stelios Kiriakidis (Στέλιος Κυριακίδης) statue

Tefktros Anthias (Τεύκρος Ανθίας) bust

The call for Peace

Themistoklis Dervis (Θεμιστοκλής Δέρβης) bust

Theodosis Pieridis (Θεοδόσης Πιερίδης) bust

Tilemahos Kallonas (Τηλέμαχος Καλλονάς) bust

Trooditissa Bishop Epiphanios Aggelidis (Ηγούμενος Τροοδιτίσσης Επιφάνιος Αγγελίδης) bust

Vasilis Michaelidis (Βασίλης Μιχαηλίδης) bust

Vasilis Michaelides (Βασίλης Μιχαηλίδης) bust

Vasos P. Chatziioannou (Βάσος Π. Χατζηιωάννου) bust

Viktoras Ioannidis (Βίκτωρας Ιωαννίδης) bust

Viktoras Ioannidis (Βίκτωρας Ιωαννίδης) bust

Vladimiros Kafkaridis (Βλαδίμηρος Καυκαρίδης) bust 

Yiannis P. Groutas (Γιάννης Π. Γρούτας) bust

~ What is the Public art of Cyprus website?
~ What is ‘public art’ in the Republic of Cyprus?
~ Public art and aesthetic styles
~ Who is commemorated?
~ … and by whom?
~ Who are the artists?
~ Particularities of commemoration in the Republic of Cyprus
~ Special categories not included
~ Group credits

 

What is the Public art of Cyprus website?

As previously stated, public art in this case refers mainly to sculpture, but also includes bas reliefs, mosaics and mixed media constructions.

We define public space as any social space open and accessible to the general public; and any space which makes part of private of public properties, but is visually accessible from the social space.

What is ‘public art’ in the Republic of Cyprus?

Public art in the Republic of Cyprus is closely related to memory and commemoration; it is focused especially on historic memory and, thus, memorials tend to be predominantly war memorials. The majority of artworks listed here are busts, statues or architectural constructions with some kind of artistic intervention, usually bas reliefs. The bas reliefs depict portraits of dead soldiers and fighters during the various wars and those listed as missing due to the Turkish invasion, portraits of public figures, and heroic symbols which derive from Greek antiquity. The oldest artwork is a bust of Archbishop Kyprianos in Nicosia, made by the Greek sculptor Georgios Bonanos in 1901.

Modern art per se constitutes a distinct minority in the public space in the Republic of Cyprus. Only since the mid nineties have private entities or state departments engaged with contemporary artists and driven modern artworks to decorate their premises or, in the case of the private domain, highlight the innovative character of their enterprise. The Government Law of 1992 and the 2003 amendments requiring that all state entities should invest 1% of their annual budget in artworks which should be placed in their premises, had a significant impact on state departments.

Modern art in the public space in Cyprus has also been enriched as the end result of a series of international symposia recently organized by the Municipalities of Nicosia, Limassol, Polis Chrysochou (Paphos district) and Kato Polemidia (Larnaca district).

Public art and aesthetic styles

Almost all memorials follow the conventional aesthetic forms of academic art. They repeat in a standardized manner the depiction of individuals, abstract ideas (such as liberty or victory), and of heroic symbols.

Commemorating implies a selective memory and that corresponds to generalized, simplified and selective narrations. National myths need aligned narrations with clear cut edges, and vice versa to avoid obscure visual language. Academic narration uses explicit forms and familiar symbols to state its content with an aim to limit the viewers’ personal interpretations and focus their attention.

Modernity, on the other hand, uses an implicit language which suggests and does not impose, and, thus, is open to personal and subjective connotations. Modern aesthetics are applied in less than twenty memorials altogether. In comparison to the aforementioned vast majority, these very few exceptions constitute the most interesting and intriguing cases.

Who is commemorated?

What is impressive and particular with the memorials of Cyprus is the extensive presence of individual dead and listed as missing soldiers and fighters.

The Republic of Cyprus is a very recent state, counting only 53 years of independent life, since 1960 (and until 2013). The deep conviction of the Greek Cypriots that they share the same nationality with the Greeks and, thus, the wish to make Cyprus officially part of the Greek state, dominated the Cypriot recent (19th and 20th century) history. The goal of official union (énosis) with Greece determined their domestic politics until the division of the island in 1974.

The memorials commemorate mainly the EOKA 1955-59 struggle and its’ fighters who claimed the independence from British rule during the 1950s, and pursued the goal of official union with Greece. Second in series, given the numbers, are the memorials to the victims of the multiple inter-communal conflicts from 1958 till 1967; those killed during the 1974 coup against the President Archbishop Makarios III; and, last but not least, the dead and the listed as missing during the 1974 Turkish invasion and the consequent division of the island.

War Volunteers, who participated, in bigger or smaller numbers, in all the wars of the Greek state during the 19th and the 20th centuries, make another distinct category. The Greek Cypriots’ initiative is indicative of their profound conviction that they make an integral part of the Greek nation and state.

Distinct personalities from minority groups such as the Armenians, the Maronites, or, rarely, Turkish Cypriots constitute cases for commemoration and categories of listing in this website, too. Another broad category is “Public figures” which includes clergy, politicians, benefactors, artists of various disciplines and public dignitaries.

All the memorials located in the villages and the communities are made since 1960, when Cyprus gained its independence from the British rule. Contrary to that, in the big cities of the island there are approximately thirty commemorative monuments altogether which were made before 1960. They are dedicated to public figures, war volunteers, and some of them are purely decorative artworks. Their common denominator is the aesthetic reference to neoclassicism, which was thriving in Greece until the beginning of the 20th century, and the thematic references to antiquity when purely decorative purposes were served.

It is important to note here that the female presence among these categories is scarce although, according to archive sources, women did participate in various roles since the EOKA 1955-59 struggle and until the 1974 Turkish invasion and the division of the island. Nevertheless, women are never depicted with the male fighters, sharing the results of the struggles. There is only one explicitly mentioned woman fighter, known by her male nickname as “Filimon”, and a memorial dedicated generally to the women fighters of Pitsilia area, in Limassol district. Instead, women are commemorated either in their role as anonymous mothers of the fighters, wailing or mourning for their loss, or allegorically as the personification of motherland Cyprus. Individually they are named only as benefactors or educators.

… and by whom?

According to archive material deriving from the State Archive of Cyprus; the Advisory Monuments’ Committee (division of the Ministry of Education and Culture); the Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (SIMAE); and the archives of the Municipalities, the initiative for the construction of memorials is taken at a local level by the municipalities or the communities. Especially for those dedicated to the dead during the EOKA 1955-59 struggle, the various inter-communal conflicts and the Turkish invasion, and/or to the listed as missing soldiers and fighters, family or friends or co-fighters often undertake the initiative. The co-fighters may act either individually or as members of ad hoc private committees, local, or broader, nationalistic associations and unions.

Public bodies, such as the Ministry of Education and Culture, the Ministry of Interior Affairs, or the Ministry of Finance are usually involved afterwards: the committees that coordinate the initiative turn to them for financial support when the process is already ongoing: Sometimes the memorials are about to finish or are already finished. As a general practice, part of the cost is covered through private fundraising which is also coordinated by the local authorities or/and the ad hoc private committees. Until the early 1980s extensive fundraising efforts were taking place and, when a particularly treasured for his symbolic national value fighter was commemorated, they were effective enough to cover the whole cost. Ever since, part of the regular annual State’s budget is provided for the construction of memorials. Fundraising continues to be the way of covering the rest of the costs, but it is rather the associations, unions, or private enterprises to offer the money. A law which was voted by the Parliament in 1987 (article 48/1987) provided maintenance costs budgets especially for the EOKA 1955-59 memorials.

The individual and arbitrary initiatives had as a consequence the low artistic quality of the majority among the memorials. That fact raised issues and debates since 1966 among the state authorities. The Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Education and Culture on various occasions underlined to the local authorities the need to follow specific procedures, submit official applications and comply with the rules of the urban planning divisions. With an aim to control and prevent the initiatives at local and private level, the Ministry of Internal Affairs in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Culture had established back in 1961 the Advisory Monuments’ Committee with the explicit role to advice on the location, the artistic procedure and the type of memorial to be erected. The “advisory” role of the Committee resulted in bypassing and overruling on many occasions during the following decades. In order to be more effective, in 1988 it was split into four local divisions (later they became five) each one corresponding to one geographic district. At the beginning of the 1990s it was apparent that without a solid legal authority the Committee could not vindicate an effective role. The request for legal authority was pending until 2005. In April 2006 the Parliament voted the amendment which ensured more jurisdictions to the Committee.

Who are the artists?

The artists are engaged either as a result of a call for competition or through direct assignment. From 1960 onwards, with the exception of the international symposia aforementioned, the vast majority of the artists involved in the commissions are Cypriot sculptors, while the artists from Greece are decisively fewer. However, on many occasions when an artistic competition was called for, it was a “Pan-Hellenic” competition, implying potential submissions from both Cypriots and Greeks. Before 1960, though, of the twenty four artworks listed here, three were made by two Cypriot artists, while for five the artists remain unknown. All the rest were commissioned to Greek sculptors, among the most renowned in Greece and certainly, all of them, imbued with the neoclassic aesthetics and ideals.

Contracts between the artists and the local authorities are available in the various archives and are indicative of how the role of the memorials is perceived in the Cypriot society. They all underline the need to promote the heroic ideals and/or the personality of the commemorated individual or individuals. The level of visual accuracy of these specifications, or the differences between the model and the final work has been in several cases the subject of disputes between the artist and the local authority or entity which coordinated the whole initiative. Sometimes the dispute is resolved with mutual concessions. Usually it requires the artist to compromise with the requirements of the commissioner. The prevailing goal of reminding, reproducing and cementing the symbolic power of the narrated national events and their protagonists almost excluded the parameters of originality and creativity.

The definition of the word ‘commissioner’ is sometimes obscure within the Cypriot society because of the actors taking part in the initiatives, and of the partly or whole cover of the costs through private fundraising. What that means is that the community is very likely to have a strong (winning) opinion on how a memorial should be located, what it consists of (especially with regard to the memorial places directly associated with an event), or how the end result should appear. The element of narration throughout the constituent visual parts, the similarity of the facial features and the potent of the heroic symbols become the spearhead of these arguments.

Particularities of commemoration in the Republic of Cyprus

The particularities of commemoration, with specific reference to the war memorials, are closely associated with the aforementioned question “who is commemorated and by whom”; and by the question “why”.

The fact that the initiatives for those memorials are taken on private or local level and not by a central State committee or authority, created a particular kind of “competition” amongst the local unions and associations, even amongst the families of the dead in the various wars and conflicts, and the listed as missing during the Turkish invasion. Taking into consideration the small population of the Republic of Cyprus (currently approximately 860 thousand inhabitants) and the rural structure of the society – despite the growth of the last decades – the interference at family level occurs as a natural consequence of the pride and honor code, a distinct element in the Greek tradition.

On the other hand, the 1987 Parliament law which gave additional value to the commemoration of the EOKA 1955-59 fighters and, inevitably, classified them higher among the rest, is indicative of the symbolic power of that struggle and hence the union (énosis) ideology. The indirect incentives arising from that law and its’ symbolic meaning could possibly be associated with the creation of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (SIMAE), in March 1993, and of the Foundation for the EOKA 1955-59 Independence Struggle, in 1997. Since the forming of the SIMAE, the memorials to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters multiplied. However, during the same period of time, out of ethical duty to equally honour all those who died during the various bloody conflicts with the ethnic minority group of the Turkish Cypriots, the 1974 Turkish invasion included, more memorials were erected.

The unfulfilled goal of official union with Greece and the division of the island into two homogeneous ethnical zones in 1974 created a “culture of trauma” which is recycled and revived in both private lives and the public space. Although memory by default refers to the past, is selective and includes the nostalgic, thus fabricated, narration, commemorative art in Cyprus is particularly loaded with pain and mourning. Even the memorials dedicated to Liberty either bear explicit or implicit militaristic features, or are overwhelmed with despair, as the result of hardships. The fixation with loss in commemorative art deliberately maintains the unhealed trauma, mirrors the prevailing political ideology and determines both political and social life in the Republic of Cyprus.

Special categories not included

A number of commemorative monuments in the Republic of Cyprus are pure architectural constructions without depictions or artistic intervention of any definition. They list the names of the dead on a stele, or on a commemorative wall, or on a construction of a classical or minimal style. These cases, because of the lack of artistic parameter, are not included in this website.

However, they are mentioned, along with all the rest of the works that are listed here, on the Open University of Cyprus’ official database, the “Kypseli” (Hive). That database hosts research projects of the Open University Faculty members and dissertations of Master and/or Ph.D. level of the university students and graduates. The “Cyprus: land of memories, places of art” project is located under the “Kypseli” data base . Its’ structure inevitably follows the specifications of the data base and consequently, it is limited. It presents only in the Greek language; it provides plenty of visual material, but only very basic data for each one of the artworks or monuments.

Artworks located in semi-public spaces, where the access is limited and runs under certain regulations, are not listed in this website, either. In this category correspond the Abbots’ busts in the inner yard from the Kykkos administrative premises in Nicosia; the two memorials from the Nicosia central prison and the “imprisoned tombs” (filakisména mnimata) area; the various sculptures in the courtyard of the Melkonian Institute; Archbishop Makarios III statue in the courtyard of the Presidential Residence in Nicosia and Maria Mitzi bust in the Ayios Georgios Kontos monastery’ courtyard in Larnaca. All these memorials are listed at the “Kypseli” data base.

Group credits

The research program “Cyprus: land of memories, places of art” was realized with the valuable contribution of a number of colleagues:

Evangelia Matthopoulou, a Ph.D. student in Contemporary History of Cyprus at the University of Cyprus had been the research assistant for fifteen months and a valuable asset: She collected all the visual material by personally visiting all the locations of public artworks and retrieved all relevant archive material.

Lena Katikou is a digital content manager & graphic designer. She has built this website and uploaded all the material.

Christos Rodosthenous an Open University of Cyprus colleague from the IT department has technically assisted every step of this project.

Eleni Gratsou is an artist and a Ph.D. student in Art History at the Open University of Cyprus. She has designed the logo of this website and project.

Dr Adrienne Christiansen Associate Professor of Political Sciences at Macalester College provided access to the visual material she had collected during her research program in Cyprus. Various photographs used in this website, especially older versions of some memorials, are made available here with her kind permission.

I am deeply indebted to all of them. This project could not have been concluded without their invaluable support, collaboration and contribution.

Mavroyenis Giorgos (Μαυρογένης Γιώργος)

He was born in Limassol, Cyprus, in 1928. He studied in London. He was the editor of the newspaper Satiriki (1964-67 and 1969-1974). His work was inspired by the Greek Revolution of 1821 and Greek mythology. His sculptures are primarily busts, of academic style.
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Andreas Ellinas (Ανδρέας Έλληνας) bust

Kostas Montis (Κώστας Μόντης) and Marios Tokas (Μάριος Τόκας) busts

Memorial to the Cypriot Volunteers in the Balkan Wars

The EOKA 1955-59 guerilla fighter statue

Lanitis Christos (Λανίτης Χρίστος)

He was born in Nicosia in 1956. He studied liberal arts in Bulgaria. In Cyprus he organized eight sculpture symposiums. He is Secretary of the Association of Friends of Fine Arts and a member of the International Association of Monumental Sculpture Events. More information on his work at: http://www.sculptureincyprus.com/artists/christos-lanitis
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Memorial to the Geri dead and missing

Nicosia Symposium

2nd Symposium, Kato Polemidia

Untitled

Untitled

Kyriacou George (Κυριακού Γιώργος)

He was born in 1940. He is considered to be one the artists of the 1960s generation who contributed to the formation of modern Cypriot art. Since 1978 he lives and works in London.
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Andreas Zakos (Ανδρέας Ζάκος) and Georgios Antoniou (Γεώργιος Αντωνίου) busts

Konstantinos Zahariadis (Κωνσταντίνος Ζαχαριάδης) and Stylianos Apostolidis (Στυλιανός Αποστολίδης) busts

Machairas commemoration place

Memorial to the Athienou dead

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the Xylofagou dead and missing

Michail Savva (Μιχαήλ Σάββα) statue

Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής) bust

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) bust

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) bust

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) statue

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) statue

Petrakis Kyprianou (Πετράκης Κυπριανού) statue

Kouroussis Nikos (Κουρούσιης Νίκος)

He was born in Nicosia in 1937. He studied at the Saint Martins College of Arts and Design, and Hornsey College of Arts in London. He represented Cyprus in the 1990 Venice Biennale. More information on his work at: http://www.kouroussis.com/
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Liopetri Barn

Material-Time

Memorial to Evaggelos Florakis (Ευάγγελος Φλωράκης) and the National Guard officers

Memorial to the 3rd Company of 211 Infantry Battalion (211 ΤΠ) dead and missing

Monument to Memory and Honor

Olympic Hall Sculptures

Rainbow – Uplift

1st Symposium, Limassol

Kotziamanis Nikolaos (Κοτζιαμάνης Νικόλαος)

He was born in Morphou, Cyprus, in 1946. He studied in London. His main sculptural works are fundamentally of academic style. Public sculpture constitutes a main part of his work. More information on his work at: http://www.kotziamanis.com/
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Aggeliki Sotiriou “Philimon” (Αγγελική Σωτηρίου «Φιλήμων») bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios ΙΙΙ (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Argyros Drousiotis (Αργυρός Δρουσιώτης) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Cypriot Policeman statue

Dinos Pavlou (Ντίνος Παύλου) statue

Doros Loizos (Δώρος Λοΐζος) bust

Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Evagoras M. Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Μ. Παλληκαρίδης) statue

“Evmenios Panayiotou” (Ευμένιος Παναγιώτου) Memorial to the Commandos

General Evaggelos Florakis (Ευάγγελος Φλωράκης) statue

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) statue

Kostakis Savvidis (Κωστάκης Σαββίδης) and Filippos Kritiotis (Φίλιππος Κρητιώτης) busts

Liberty Monument

Machairas commemoration place

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

Memorial to Agiou Theodorou dead and missing

Memorial Park to the dead and missing Commandos

Memorial to the Lysi dead and missing

Memorial to the Freedom Fighters

Memorial to the Morfou dead and missing

Nikos Christou Solomou (Νίκος Χρίστου Σολωμού) statue

Polykarpos Pratsis (Πολύκαρπος Πράτσης) statue

 

Kallis Kyriakos (Καλλής Κυριάκος)

He was born in Dali (Nicosia district) in 1960. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague.
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1st Symposium, Limassol

Antonis Papadopoulos (Αντώνης Παπαδόπουλος) bust

Charalambos Pettemeridis (Χαράλαμπος Πεττεμερίδης) statue

Christakis Ptochopoulos (Χριστάκης Πτωχόπουλος) bust

Ihsan Ali (Ιχσάν Αλή) bust

Panikos Pourgouridis (Πανίκος Πουργουρίδης) bust

Vasilis Michaelides (Βασίλης Μιχαηλίδης) bust

Kalakallas Giorgios (Καλακαλλάς Γιώργιος)

He was born in Tyrnavos, Greece, in 1938. He studied sculpture at the Athens School of Fine Arts. Since 1965 he taught at the National Technical University of Athens. More information on his work at: http://users.ntua.gr/gkalakal/
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Christodoulos G. Polydorou (Χριστόδουλος Γ. Πολυδώρου) statue

Christos Kkelis (Χρίστος Κκέλης) and Georgios Michail (Γιώργος Μιχαήλ) busts

Fire

Giorgos Nikolaou (Γεώργιος Νικολάου) and Stelios Triteos (Στέλιος Τριταίος) busts

Memorial to the Armenian Genocide

Memorial to the 1964 dead from Pafos

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

Michail Nikolaou (Μιχαήλ Νικολάου) bust

Nikos Kranidiotis (Νίκος Κρανιδιώτης) bust

Ierides Phylactis (Ιερείδης Φυλακτής)

He was born in Lefkoniko, Cyprus, in 1949. He studied in the United States of America.
More information on his work at: http://cvaa.eu/Phylactis/portfolio.htm
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Andreas G. Neokleous (Ανδρέας Γ. Νεοκλέους) statue

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 heroes

Memorial to the Marathounta dead and missing

Panayiotis Katsidiaris (Παναγιώτης Κατσιδιάρης) bust

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) bust

Garyfalakis Marios (Γαρυφαλάκης Μάριος)

He was born in Athens in 1934 where he attended art and sculpture lessons. In 1960 he moved to Cyprus and he focused on public sculpture.
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Kyriakos Karaolis (Κυριάκος Καραολής) bust

Meletios Metaxakis, Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Μελέτιος Μεταξάκης) bust

Memorial to the Armou dead

Pashalis Pashalidis (Πασχάλης Πασχαλίδης) bust

Takis Sofokleous (Τάκης Σοφοκλέους) bust

Fanakidis Apostolos (Φανακίδης Απόστολος)

He was born in Vrisika, Greece, in 1945. He studied at the Athens School of Fine Arts. More information on his work at: http://www.acgart.gr/acg-collection/artists/F/FanA/FanA-bio.htm
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Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Falireas Vasos (Φαληρέας Βάσος)

He was born in Athens in 1905 and died in Thessaloniki in 1979. He attended the School of Fine Arts in Athens and continued his studies in Paris. His early works (busts and statues) were influenced by the romantic realism of Despiau and Maillol. More information on his work at : 
http://coinsuniverse.wordpress.com/tag/vasos-falireas/
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Archbishop Makarios III statue

Charalambos Mouskos (Χαράλαμπος Μούσκος) bust

Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός) bust

Kostis Palamas (Κωστής Παλαμάς) statue

Nikolaos Kl. Lanitis (Νικόλαος Κλ. Λανίτης) bust

Dymiotis Nikos (Δυμιώτης Νίκος)

He was born in Nicosia in 1930 and died in 1990. He studied sculpture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyon. His sculpture was predicated on the human figure and during the period 1969-1974 he experimented with abstract trends. However, due to the Turkish invasion of 1974 his work gained dramatic content and symbolic ramifications, and focused on commemorative sculpture. More information on his work at: http://www.ekatecy.com/members.htm
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Andis Pernaris (Άντης Περνάρης) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Memorial to Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας)

Memorial to Rodion and Miltiadis Georgiadis (Ροδίων και Μιλτιάδης Γεωργιάδης)

Memorial to the “Pankyprio Gymnasium” dead students

Dimitriadis Georgios (Δημητριάδης Γεώργιος)

He was born in Athens in 1880 and died in 1941. He is considered the most productive sculptor of his time. He focused on monumental public sculpture. He has applied in an eclectic manner the neoclassic and academic aesthetic styles, often brightened with naturalistic and allegoric elements.
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Christodoulos Sozos (Χριστόδουλος Σώζος) bust

Mausoleum to the Cypriot national martyrs of July 9th 1821

Memorial to the Limassol Balkan Wars dead Cypriots

Bonanos Georgios (Μπονάνος Γεώργιος)

He was born on the island of Kefalonia, Greece, in 1863 and died in 1940. He studied sculpture at the School of Arts in Athens, and in Rome. He was one of most renowned sculptors of 19th century Greece. His works reflected his faith in the legacy of classicism and the academic ideals. His public sculptures and tombstones adorn Greek and Cypriot public space. More information on his work at:
http://www.nationalgallery.gr/site/content.php?artist_id=4467&sel=352
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Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Konstantinos Kalogeras (Κωνσταντίνος Καλογεράς) bust

Bartzili Maro (Μπαρτζίλη Μάρω)

She was born in Famagusta in 1950. She studied fine arts in Prague and France. Human figure constitutes the point of reference of her work. She works mainly with metals and she applies rather abstract expressionistic aesthetics.
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Memorial to the Latsia dead and missing

Memorial to the 1974 dead and missing

Abdul Hamid Aktham

He was born in Syria in 1955. In 1981 he graduated from the Fine Arts Department of the University of Damascus and six years later he founded the Department of sculpture at the Institute of Applied Arts in Damascus. More information on his work at:
http://www.sculptureincyprus.com/artists/aktham-abdul-hamid

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2nd Symposium (Polis Chrysochou)

Public sculpture before 1960

Andreas Themistokleous (Ανδρέας Θεμιστοκλέους) bust

Antonios Theodotou (Αντώνιος Θεοδότου) bust

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Christodoulos Sozos (Χριστόδουλος Σώζος) bust

Cupid

Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός) bust

Dionysos

Filios Zannetos (Φίλιος Ζαννέτος) bust

Fr. Seraphinus Αb Arce Scalinea bust

General Kimon the Athenian (Κίμων ο Αθηναίος) bust

Ioannis Vergopoulos (Ιωάννης Βεργόπουλος) bust

Konstantinos Kalogeras (Κωνσταντίνος Καλογεράς) bust

Kostis Palamas (Κωστής Παλαμάς) bust

Mausoleum to the Cypriot national martyrs of July 9th 1821

Memorial to the Limassol Balkan Wars dead Cypriots

Memorial to the Limassol high school dead students during the Balkan Wars

Nikodimos Mylonas Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Νικόδημος Μυλωνάς) bust

Nikolaos Katalanos (Νικόλαος Καταλάνος) bust

Nikolaos P. Lanitis (Νικόλαος Π. Λανίτης) statue

Tilemahos Kallonas (Τηλέμαχος Καλλονάς) bust

Vasilis Michaelidis (Βασίλης Μιχαηλίδης) bust

Zinon Kitiefs (Ζήνων ο Κιτιεύς) bust

Modern sculpture

1st Symposium, Polis Chrysochou

1st Symposium, Kato Polemidia

2nd Symposium, Kato Polemidia

2nd Symposium, Polis Chrysochou

3rd Symposium, Polis Chrysochou

1st Symposium, Limassol

2nd Symposium, Limassol

3rd Symposium, Limassol

Nicosia Symposium

Anelixis (Advancement)

Architectural and artistic intervention at the entrance of Museum of Maritime Life

Cells

Ceremonial gathering

Fifty doves

Freedom message to the world

Golden Stone

Gulls

Hephaestus statue

Hourglass

Like a tree

Limassol My Love “Loulis”

Machairas commemoration place

Material-Time

Memorial to Evaggelos Florakis (Ευάγγελος Φλωράκης) and the National Guard officers

Memorial to Pafos dead during the Second World War

Memorial to the 3rd Company of 211 Infantry Battalion (211 ΤΠ) dead and missing

Memorial to the Armenian Genocide

Memorial to the Athienou dead

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Memorial to the Geri dead and missing

Memorial to the Greco-Turkish alliance

Memorial to the Latsia dead and missing

Memorial to the Kontemenos dead and missing

Mermaid

Nuovo Twist

Olympic Hall Sculptures

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) statue

Passing Moments

Past presence

Petreon sculpture park

Rainbow – Uplift

Sisyphus

Steni Public Sculptures

The poet

The Resolution

The shot blasting

The tree of knowledge

Together

Twinning

Understanding, Solidarity and Fellowship

Untitled (Christos Lanitis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiappanis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Dimitris Constantinou)

Untitled (Christos Lanitis)

Untitled (Phillipos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled ((Philippos Yiapanis)

Untitled (Theodoulos Grigoriou)

 

Cypriot Women

Aggeliki Sotiriou “Philimon” (Αγγελική Σωτηρίου «Φιλήμων») bust

Athina K. Dianellou (Αθηνά Κ. Διανέλλου) and Evgenia A. Theodotou (Ευγενία Α. Θεοδότου) busts

Christoforos Christoforou (Χριστόφορος Χριστοφόρου) and Eleni Papachristoforou (Ελένη Παπαχριστοφόρου) busts

Efrosyni Proestou (Ευφροσύνη Προεστού) bust

Memorial area “Panorama of Greek Cypriot missing” or “House of the missing”

Memorial to “The Mother”

Memorial to the Benefactors Alexandra N. Iacovidis (Αλεξάνδρα Ν. Ιακωβίδη) and Nikolaos Iacovidis (Νικόλαος Ιακωβίδης)

Memorial to the Cypriot Mother

Memorial to the Cypriot mother and the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Memorial to the lady of the Cypriot countryside

Memorial to the Mother of the dead and missing

Memorial to the Pitsilia Women Fighters

Memorial to the Tsada dead & Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Monument to the Mother with many children

Monument to the Paralimni mother

Monument to the Paralimni mother

Nitsa Chatzigeorgiou (Νίτσα Χατζηγεωργίου) bust

Ourania Kokkinou (Ουρανία Κοκκίνου) bust

The Cypriot woman farmer

The Committee for the Restoration of Democracy in Greece (EADE)

The Committee for the Restoration of Democracy in Greece (Epitropi gia tin Apokatastasi tis Dimokratias stin Ellada / EADE)

The Committee was founded on April 22, 1967 in Nicosia, only one day after the coup in Athens, Greece. Its founding members were Cypriot scientists, journalists and intellectuals. Takis Chatzidimitriou was the coordinator of the activities taken during the coming years of the Greek junta.

Georgios Xanthos Chr. Tsikouris (Γεώργιος Ξάνθος Χρ. Τσικουρής) bust

War Volunteers

The Greek Cypriots volunteering during all Greek national wars, starting with the Greek War of Independence (or Greek Revolution) in 1821 was an explicit expression of the official union (énosis) with Greece pursuit (see category Union (énosis)). In bigger or smaller numbers, depending on the political conditions and the restrictions, or occasionally the benefits, which initially the Ottoman rulers and later the British were imposing, Greek Cypriots participated in the Greco-Turkish War of 1897, the Macedonian struggle of 1904-1908, the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, the World War I, the Asia Minor Campaign in 1922 and the World War II.  

Argyros Drousiotis (Αργυρός Δρουσιώτης) bust

Argyros I. Drousiotis (Αργυρός Ι. Δρουσιώτης) bust

Christodoulos Sozos (Χριστόδουλος Σώζος) bust

Georgios Azinas (Γεώργιος Αζίνας) bust

Ioannis Stavrianos (Ιωάννης Σταυριανός) bust

Memorial to the Limassol Balkan Wars dead Cypriots

Memorial to the Limassol high school dead students during the Balkan Wars

Memorial to Pafos dead during the Second World War

Memorial to Rodion and Miltiadis Georgiadis (Ροδίων και Μιλτιάδης Γεωργιάδης)

Memorial to the Cypriot Volunteers in the Balkan Wars

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Memorial to the Freedom Fighters

Memorial to the Xylotymvou dead and missing

Nikolaos Kl. Lanitis (Νικόλαος Κλ. Λανίτης) bust

Maronites

Maronites settled in Cyprus between the 8th and the 13th centuries. The Maronite church in Cyprus was operating under the rule of the Greek Orthodox Church until 1845, when it regained independency. When the Republic of Cyprus was formed in 1960 approximately 2.750 Maronites were living on the island and had to choose to belong either to the Greek Cypriot or to the Turkish Cypriot community. Their choice of the former was based on the comparatively closer cultural affinities. 

Bishop Ioannis Phoradaris (Ιωάννης Φοραδάρης) and Ioannis Mavridis (Ιωάννης Μαυρίδης) busts

Armenians

Armenians have been present in Cyprus since the 6th century. Their current population in the Republic of Cyprus is estimated to approximately 3.500 individuals. The first emigrants arrived in 1895. A second wave came in 1909-1910, followed by a third during the years 1915-1923, respectively due to the Adana massacre and the political upheavals and massacres during the last years of the Ottoman Empire.

Memorial to the Armenian Genocide

Saint Gregory of Narek (Άγιος Γρηγόριος Ναρεκσηνός) bust

Zareh Aznavorian bust

 

 

Non-Aligned Movement

After gaining independence in 1960, Cyprus joined the group of countries which had chosen a neutral position towards the big power blocs during the cold war. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was founded in 1961 and its’ principles were in array with Cyprus’ requests for territorial integrity, security, national independence and sovereignty. Cyprus ceased to be NAM’s member in 2004, when it joined the EU.

Mahatma Gandhi bust

National Guard

During 1964 inter-communal conflicts, General Georgios Grivas (known as ‘Digenis’, see category EOKA 1955-59) returned from his exile in Athens to Cyprus and organized the National Guard to be entirely manned by Greeks and Greek Cypriots. The aim of the National Guard was to coordinate in a more effective way the Greek Cypriot defense against the Turkish Cypriots. The National Guard was the main actor during the 1964 inter-communal conflicts at Tylliria area, in the north part of the island.

Fidias Symeonidis (Φειδίας Συμεωνίδης) and Tryfonas Tryfonas (Τρύφωνας Τρύφωνας) busts

General Evaggelos Florakis (Ευάγγελος Φλωράκης) statue

Memorial to Evaggelos Florakis (Ευάγγελος Φλωράκης) and the National Guard officers

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Memorial to the National Guard Chief Officers – Helicopter crash

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

Memorial to the Polis Chrysochou dead

Thanos Georgiou Kleovoulou (Θάνος Γεωργίου Κλεοβούλου) bust

 

 

Turkish Invasion

In 1959, Britain, Greece, and Turkey signed a “Treaty of Guarantee” insuring the independence of the new state, the Republic of Cyprus. Both Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots committed to abandon their claims on union (énosis) and partition (taksim), respectively. 

Five days after the coup against President Makarios III, on July 15th 1974 by the EOKA B’ paramilitary organization, Turkey invaded Cyprus with 40.000 soldiers, claiming her role as guarantor and with the official aim to protect the Turkish Cypriot population. The invasion took place in two waves, between 20th to 23rd of July and 14th to 17th of August. As an end result the Turkish forces occupied 37% of the Cypriot land, and the island was divided in two parts, the northern Turkish Cypriot and the southern Greek Cypriot. The Greek Cypriot population had significantly more losses in comparison to the Turkish Cypriots. However, each side counted in thousands the number of dead and missing, both soldiers and civilians; and thousands had to be internally displaced following the partition and the formation of the two ethnically homogeneous areas.

A sculpture for Liberty

Andreas G. Neokleous (Ανδρέας Γ. Νεοκλέους) statue

Andreas Moditis (Ανδρέας Μοδίτης) and Kypros Petsas (Κύπρος Πέτσας) busts

Andreas Nikolaou (Ανδρέας Νικολάου) bust

Andreas Paraskeva (Ανδρέας Παρασκευά) bust

Andreas Vlamis (Ανδρέας Βλάμης) and Platonas Stylianou (Πλάτωνας Στυλιανού) busts

Antonis Antoniou (Αντώνης Αντωνίου) bust

Charalambos Kalaitzis (Χαράλαμπος Καλαϊτζής) & Georgios Kleanthous (Γεώργιος Κλεάνθους) busts

Charalambos Panayi Evagorou (Χαράλαμπος Παναγή Ευαγόρου) bust

Christakis G. Mina (Χριστάκης Γ. Μηνά) bust

Christakis Pieri Christou (Χριστάκης Πιερή Χρίστου) bust

Christodoulos G. Polydorou (Χριστόδουλος Γ. Πολυδώρου) statue

Christoforos Christoforou (Χριστόφορος Χριστοφόρου) and Eleni Papachristoforou (Ελένη Παπαχριστοφόρου) busts

Church-like tent memorial

Dimitrakis Adamou (Δημητράκης Αδάμου) bust

Dimitris Arminiotis (Δημήτρης Αρμινιώτης) bust

Dimitris Klitou (Δημήτρης Κλείτου) bust

Dimitris Petrou Apesiotis (Δημήτρης Πέτρου Απαισιώτης) bust

Dimitris Tsamkiranis (Δημήτρης Τσαμκιράνης) bust

Efrosyni Proestou (Ευφροσύνη Προεστού) bust

Epaminondas Epaminonda (Επαμεινώνδας Επαμεινώνδα) bust

Evaggelos Moulotos (Ευάγγελος Μουλωτός) statue

Evdoras Vasilaras (Εύδωρας Βασιλαράς) bust

Fidias Symeonidis (Φειδίας Συμεωνίδης) and Tryfonas Tryfonas (Τρύφωνας Τρύφωνας) busts

Georgios Koubaris (Γεώργιος Κουμπαρής) bust

Georgios Mich. Drakos (Γεώργιος Μιχ. Δράκος) bust

Georgios Nikodimou (Γεώργιος Νικοδήμου) bust

Ilias Kannaouros (Ηλίας Καννάουρος) statue

Ilias Kannaouros/Christofis Christofi (Ηλίας Καννάουρος/Χριστοφής Χριστοφή) statue

Iraklis Efthymiou Loizou (Ηρακλής Ευθυμίου Λοΐζου) bust

Kostakis Savvidis (Κωστάκης Σαββίδης) and Filippos Kritiotis (Φίλιππος Κρητιώτης) busts

Kostas Panayiotou (Κώστας Παναγιώτου) bust

Krinos Charalambous (Κρίνος Χαραλάμπους) statue

Kyriakos (Κυριάκος) and Sotiris (Σωτήρης) Papalazarou (Παπαλαζάρου) busts

Leontios Gerasimou (Λεόντιος Γερασίμου) and Apostolos Kouris (Απόστολος Κουρής) busts

Liberty Monument

Liberty monument – Memorial for the Polemi dead

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

Memorial area “Panorama of Greek Cypriot missing” or “House of the missing”

Memorial Park to the dead and missing Commandos

Memorial to Agiou Theodorou dead and missing

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to Mosfileri dead and missing

Memorial to the 3rd Company of 211 Infantry Battalion (211 ΤΠ) dead and missing

Memorial to the Agios Ioannis dead and missing

Memorial to the Alaminos dead fighters

Memorial to the Amargeti dead and missing

Memorial to the Ammochostos dead and missing

Memorial to the Aradippou dead during the national fights

Memorial to the Dali dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Memorial to the dead Greek Commandos

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Memorial to the dead sailors 1964-1974

Memorial to the Drymou dead

Memorial to the Erimi heroes

Memorial to the Galata dead

Memorial to the Geri dead and missing

Memorial to the Germasogeia dead

Memorial to the Giolou dead

Memorial to the Kampi Farmaka missing

Memorial to the Kontemenos dead and missing

Μemorial to the Kouklia dead

Memorial to the Kythrea dead

Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing & Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Memorial to the Latsia dead and missing

Memorial to the Letymvou dead

Memorial to the Lysi dead and missing

Memorial to the Marathounta dead and missing

Memorial to the missing Giogros Chatzinikolis (Γιώργος Χατζηνικολής)

Memorial to the Morfou dead and missing

Memorial to the Mother of the dead and missing

Memorial to the Nata dead and missing

Memorial to the Pachna Heroes

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing 2

Memorial to the Sotira dead and missing

Memorial to the Styllon dead and missing

Memorial to the Xylofagou dead and missing

Memorial to the Xylotymvou dead and missing

Michalis Michail (Μιχάλης Μιχαήλ) bust

Nikos Karasamanis (Νίκος Καρασαμάνης) statue

Nikos M. Psaras (Νίκος Μ. Ψαρράς) bust

Nikos Nikolaou (Νίκος Νικολάου) bust

Odysseas Kl. Nikolaou (Οδυσσέας Κλ. Νικολάου) bust

Odysseus Spetsiotis (Οδυσσέας Σπετσιώτης) bust

Panayiotis Katsidiaris (Παναγιώτης Κατσιδιάρης) bust

Panikos Pourgouridis (Πανίκος Πουργουρίδης) bust

Polykarpos Pratsis (Πολύκαρπος Πράτσης) statue

Rainbow – Uplift

Savvas Evripidou Savva (Σάββας Ευριπίδου Σάββα) statue

Sergeant Christakis S. Neokleous Zenios (Λοχίας Χριστάκης Σ. Νεοκλέους Ζένιος) bust

Sokratis Neophytou Sokratous (Σωκράτης Νεοφύτου Σωκράτους) bust

Stavros Stylianidis (Σταύρος Στυλιανίδης) and Pantelis Katelaris (Παντελής Κατελάρης) busts

The Resolution

Theodoros A. Papakonstantis (Θεόδωρος Α. Παπακωνσταντή) bust

1974 Coup

Cyprus became an independent country in 1960 as a result of the Zurich and London agreements (February 1959), but did not achieve the aim of official union (énosis) with Greece. This unexpected turn of events, for the EOKA fighters, raised deep disappointment and had as an immediate consequence the conflict between the President Archbishop Makarios III and Georgios Grivas, the two former leaders of EOKA 1955-59 (see category EOKA 1955-59). 

In 1967, when a military junta came into power in Greece, Archbishop Makarios III gradually abandoned énosis as a goal of his administration and adopted the “desirable” and “possible” political line. His policy change was regarded as betrayal of the nation’s ideals and caused political instability in Cyprus between the years 1969 and 1974. 

Two paramilitary groups, the National Front (1969-1970) and the new EOKA, EOKA B’, became active. EOKA B’ was formed in 1971 under the leadership of General Grivas and recruited its members from all over Cyprus, mainly from the military and among the youth. Its actions in the next three years lists bomb attacks and killings which culminated in 1972 when Grivas asked for Makarios’ III resignation and for the formation of a new government with énosis as the main goal. 

Although General Grivas died in January 1974, the conflict between the supporters of the two men led to the coup against Makarios III on July 15th 1974. That action ignited the Turkish invasion and the division of the island. Makarios III survived, left the island and returned on December 7th 1974.

July 15th was officially recognized as a national commemorative day against the Makarios III coup by the Parliament of the Republic of Cyprus on February 16th 2001 (article 24(1)/2001).

Dimosthenis Georgiou (Δημοσθένης Γεωργίου) bust

Dinos Pavlou (Ντίνος Παύλου) statue

Kostakis Savvidis (Κωστάκης Σαββίδης) and Filippos Kritiotis (Φίλιππος Κρητιώτης) busts

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to the Amargeti dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Memorial to the dead during the 1974 coup

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Memorial to the Drymou dead

Μemorial to the Kouklia dead

Memorial to the Limassol dead and resistance

Memorial to the Resistance

Nikos Christou Solomou (Νίκος Χρίστου Σολωμού) statue

Periklis Perikleous (Περικλής Περικλέους) bust

Stelios L. Siepis (Στέλιος Λ. Σιέπης) bust

  

Inter-communal conflicts 1967

After the bloody Tylliria conflicts of 1964 there was a cease-fire between the two ethnic communities. In 1966, when the Turkish commander prohibited the Greek Cypriot police patrols in the mixed population village of Agios Theodoros, a new revival of the tension was caused. In 1967, the interference of the National Guard under the command of Georgios Grivas (known by the nickname ‘Digenis’, see category EOKA 1955-59) with an aim of patrolling the Turkish Cypriot enclaves of Agios Theodoros and Kofinou villages escalated the conflict and resulted in severe fighting towards the end of the same year. As a consequence Turkey sent an ultimatum demanding the recall to Athens of both the Greek army division and General Georgios Grivas.

“Evmenios Panayiotou” (Ευμένιος Παναγιώτου) Memorial to the Commandos

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to the Pachna Heroes

Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64

The trigger for the 1963-64 inter-communal conflicts was the thirteen amendments to the Constitution which President Archbishop Makarios III had suggested. The revisions were rejected by the Turkish Cypriot part, which constituted only about 18% of the country’s population, because they would limit their political power. Subsequently, the segregation of the two communities which started in 1958 deepened even more and separate municipalities with autonomous administration began to develop in Cyprus’ five main cities. The armed conflicts in December 1963 between Turkish Cypriot members of paramilitary groups and the National Guard (see category National Guard) turned that Christmas into what became known as “bloody Christmas”. 

Extensive conflicts took place during the following year where atrocities were committed by both sides. Considerable numbers of victims were counted, though mainly on the Turkish Cypriot part, where they were counted in thousands.

Andreas D. Geroudis (Ανδρέας Δ. Γερούδης) bust

Andreas Geroudis (Ανδρέας Γερούδης) bust

Christakis Ptochopoulos (Χριστάκης Πτωχόπουλος) bust

Demetris Hamatsos (Δημήτρης Χάματσος) statue

Dimitrakis Papamiltiadis (Δημητράκης Παπαμιλτιάδης) bust

Dimitrakis Papamiltiadous (Δημητράκης Παπαμιλτιάδους) bust

Dr. Dimitrios Mavrogenis bust

Fire

Georgios Eikosaris (Γεώργιος Εικοσάρης) bust

Georgios Chr. Katsaris (Γεώργιος Χρ. Κατσαρής) bust

Georgios S. X’’Yiannis (Γεώργιος Σ. Χ’’Γιάννης) bust

Lazaros Georgiou (Λάζαρος Γεωργίου) statue

Liberty monument – Memorial for the Polemi dead 

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

Memorial to Anafotia heroes

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to the 1964 dead from Pafos

Memorial to the Aradippou dead during the national fights

Memorial to the Armou dead

Memorial to the Dali dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Memorial to the dead of the “Pharos” union

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Memorial to the dead sailors 1964-1974

Memorial to the Galata dead

Memorial to the Geri dead and missing

Μemorial to the Kouklia dead

Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing & Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Memorial to the Latsia dead and missing

Memorial to the Letymvou dead

Memorial to the Morfou dead and missing

Memorial to the Tsada dead & Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Pavlos Irakleous (Παύλος Ηρακλέους) and Kostas Karnavalos (Κώστας Καρνάβαλος) busts

Yiannakis Aeroporos (Γιαννάκης Αεροπόρος) bust

Inter-communal conflicts 1958

The 1958 inter-communal conflicts between the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots were caused due to the pre-existing Greek Cypriots’ wish for official union (énosis) with Greece and the subsequent Turkish Cypriot pursuit of partition, known as taksim. During the EOKA 1955-59 struggle against the British rule and pro the official union with Greece, the adversary eventually turned out to include the Turkish Cypriots. The reason given was because the British conscripted Turkish Cypriots into the police force that patrolled Cyprus. Although sporadic conflicts between the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots had started from 1956, they exploded in 1958. That year the Turkish Cypriots rioted in Nicosia with an aim of persuading the British authorities that the taksim would be the only viable solution for the two communities. The riot turned into a bloody conflict between the two ethnic communities with losses in both sides. 

Memorial to the Kontemenos dead and missing

Memorial to the Lysi dead and missing

EOKA 1955-59

EOKA (National Organization of Cypriots Fighters / Ethniki Organosi Kyprion Agoniston) was created in 1953. The decision of the Greek Cypriots to vindicate their goal of official union (énosis) with Greece with arms was due to a combination of reasons involving both the international political demands after World War II, and local tension with the British rulers.   

EOKA had a political-diplomatic and a military wing. Leader of the former was Archbishop Makarios III, whilst Georgios Grivas was coordinating the military part. Grivas was known by the nickname “Digenis”, which symbolically identified him to the legendary Byzantine hero Digenis Akritas. According to the folk myths Digenis Akritas was safeguarding the eastern boarders of the Byzantine Empire. Even today he constitutes the personification of the ‘heroic figure’ in the Greek tradition.

In November 1954 Georgios Grivas secretly disembarked at Chlorakas coast, on the west side of the island, in Pafos district. EOKA started its guerilla war on April 1st 1955 with extensive bomb attacks targeting British facilities in all major Cypriot cities. In 1958 the guerilla fights also involved the Turkish Cypriots as a target. Due to the 1958 inter-communal conflicts and the growing animosity between the leftwing ideology Cypriots and the hardcore EOKA fighters, in September 1958 during an interview, Archbishop Makarios III appeared open to negotiate the independence solution. In February 1959 the independence agreement was signed and in August 16, 1960 Cyprus gained its independence. Greece, Turkey and Britain were appointed as guarantor powers; Archbishop Makarios III became the first President of the Democracy of Cyprus; and both Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots committed to abandon their claims on union (enosis) and partition (taksim), respectively. 

In 1987, the Parliament of the Republic of Cyprus officially recognized the EOKA 1955-59 struggle and established April 1st as the national commemorative day (article 48/1987).

Aggeliki Sotiriou “Philimon” (Αγγελική Σωτηρίου «Φιλήμων») bust

Alekos Konstantinou (Αλέκου Κωνσταντίνου) and Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) busts

Andreas Avramidis (Ανδρέας Αβραμίδης) bust

Andreas Georgiou (Ανδρέας Γεωργίου) bust

Andreas Georgiou (Ανδρέας Γεωργίου) statue

Andreas Onisiforou (Ανδρέας Ονησιφόρου) bust

Andreas Pantelidis (Ανδρέας Παντελίδης) bust

Andreas Patsalidis (Ανδρέας Πατσαλίδης) and Charalambos Pettemeridis (Χαράλαμπος Πεττεμερίδης) statues

Andreas Sourouklis (Ανδρέας Σουρουκλής) bust

Andreas Vlamis (Ανδρέας Βλάμης) and Platonas Stylianou (Πλάτωνας Στυλιανού) busts

Andreas Vlamis (Ανδρέας Βλάμης) bust

Andreas Zakos (Ανδρέας Ζάκος) and Georgios Antoniou (Γεώργιος Αντωνίου) busts

Antonis Papadopoulos (Αντώνης Παπαδόπουλος) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) and Georgios Grivas Digenis (Γεώργιος Γρίβας Διγενής) busts

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios ΙΙΙ (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

 Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

 Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

 Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

 Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

 Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

 Aristoklis Avgousti (Αριστοκλής Αυγουστή) bust

 Artemis Frantzeskou (Αρτέμης Φραντζέσκου) and Toumazos Toumazou (Τουμάζος Τουμάζου) busts

Charalambos Kalaitzis (Χαράλαμπος Καλαϊτζής) & Georgios Kleanthous (Γεώργιος Κλεάνθους) busts

Charalambos Pettemeridis (Χαράλαμπος Πεττεμερίδης) statue

Charilaos Michail (Χαρίλαος Μιχαήλ) statue

Christos Kkelis (Χρίστος Κκέλης) and Georgios Michail (Γιώργος Μιχαήλ) busts

Christos Tsiartas (Χρίστος Τσιάρτας) and Andreas Panayiotou (Ανδρέας Παναγιώτου) statues

Dimitrakis Christodoulou (Δημητράκης Χριστοδούλου) bust

Dimitrakis Dimitriadis (Δημητράκης Δημητριάδης) statue

Dimitrakis Ioannou (Δημητράκης Ιωάννου) bust

Dimitrakis Papamiltiadous (Δημητράκης Παπαμιλτιάδους) bust

Dimitris Charalambous (Δημήτρης Χαραλάμπους) and Vasilis Alexandrou (Βασίλης Αλεξάνδρου) busts

Elias Papakyriakou (Ηλίας Παπακυριακού) bust

Evagoras M. Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Μ. Παλληκαρίδης) statue

Evagoras Pallikadidis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) statue

Evagoras Papachristophorou (Ευαγόρας Παπαχριστοφόρου) statue

Fidias Symeonidis (Φειδίας Συμεωνίδης) and Tryfonas Tryfonas (Τρύφωνας Τρύφωνας) busts

Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) bust

Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) bust

Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) statue

Georgios Grivas Digenis (Γεώργιος Γρίβας Διγενής) statue

Georgis Karyos (Γεώργιος Κάρυος) bust

Giorgos Nikolaou (Γεώργιος Νικολάου) and Stelios Triteos (Στέλιος Τριταίος) busts

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) statue

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) statue

Iakovos Patatsos (Ιάκωβος Πατάτσος) statue

Ioannis Hadjipavlou Ioannides (Ιωάννης Xατζηπαύλου Ιωαννίδης) bust

Kyriakos Karaolis (Κυριάκος Καραολής) bust

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) bust

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) statue

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) statue

Leonidas Papakostas (Λεωνίδας Παπακώστας) bust

Liberty Monument

Liberty Monument – Memorial to Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου)

Liberty sculpture

Liopetri Barn

Loukas A. Louka (Λουκάς Α. Λουκά) bust

Machairas commemoration place

Major General Tasos Markou (Τάσος Μάρκου) statue

Markos Drakos (Μάρκος Δράκος) statue

Memorial to Anafotia heroes

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’)

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to Christos Kkelis (Χρίστος Κκέλης) and Georgios Michail (Γιώργος Μιχαήλ)

Memorial to Dimos Irodotou (Δήμος Ηροδότου) and Efstathios Xenofontos (Ευστάθιος Ξενοφώντος)

Memorial to Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας)

Memorial to Georgios Koulappis (Γεώργιος Κουλαππής)

Memorial to Kyriakos Nikolaou (Κυριάκος Νικολάου) and Christodoulos Kannaouros (Χριστόδουλος Καννάουρος)

Memorial to Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής)

Memorial to Savvas Rotsidis (Σάββας Ροτσίδης)

Memorial to Stavros Stylianidis and Pantelis Katelaris

Memorial to Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) and to Dimitrakis Christodoulou (Δημητράκης Χριστοδούλου)

Memorial to the Pachna Heroes

Memorial to the “Pankyprio Gymnasium” dead students

Memorial to the Aradippou dead during the national fights

Memorial to the Athienou dead

Memorial to the Cypriot mother and the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

 Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters from Neo Chorio

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 heroes

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (Liberty Monument)

Memorial to the Freedom Fighters

Memorial to the Galata dead

Memorial to the Geri dead and missing

Memorial to the Geri EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing & Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Memorial to the Lysi dead and missing

Memorial to the Pano Arodes EOKA 1955-59 dead

Memorial to the Paralimni dead and missing

Memorial to the Pitsilia Women Fighters

Memorial to the Polis Chrysochou dead

Memorial to the school generation

Memorial to the students who died during EOKA 1955-59

Memorial to the Tsada dead & Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Michail Koukkis (Μιχαήλ Κουκκής) and Andreas Dimitriou (Ανδρέας Δημητρίου) busts

Michail Koutsoftas (Μιχαήλ Κουτσόφτας) and Andreas Panagidis (Ανδρέας Παναγίδης) busts

Michail Koutsoftas (Μιχαήλ Κουτσόφτας) and Andreas Panagidis (Ανδρέας Παναγίδης) busts

Michail Nikolaou (Μιχαήλ Νικολάου) bust

Michail Sava (Μιχαήλ Σάββα) statue

Michail Yiorgallas (Μιχαήλ Γιωργάλλας) bust

Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής) bust

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης)

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) bust

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) statue

Monument to Liberty

Monument to Memory and Honor

Nikos Evagorou (Νίκος Ευαγόρου) bust

Nitsa Chatzigeorgiou (Νίτσα Χατζηγεωργίου) bust

Ourania Kokkinou (Ουρανία Κοκκίνου) bust

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) bust

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) statue

Petrakis Kyprianou (Πετράκης Κυπριανού) statue

Petrakis Kyprianou (Πετράκης Κυπριανού) statue

Petrakis Yallouros (Πετράκης Γιάλλουρος) bust

Petros Iliadis (Πέτρος Ηλιάδης) bust

Savvas Rotsidis (Σάββας Ροτσίδης) statue

Solomon Panagidis (Οικονόμος Σολομών Παναγίδης) bust

Sotiris Tsaggaris (Σωτήρης Τσαγγάρης) statue

Spyros Chatziyakoumis (Σπύρος Χ’’Γιακουμής) bust

Stavros Stylianidis (Σταύρος Στυλιανίδης) and Pantelis Katelaris (Παντελής Κατελάρης) busts

Stavros Stylianidis (Σταύρος Στυλιανίδης) bust

Stelios Mavrommatis (Στέλιος Μαυρομμάτης) bust

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) bust

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) bust

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) statue

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) statue

Takis Sofokleous (Τάκης Σοφοκλέους) bust

The 1955-59 Heroes’ grove

The EOKA 1955-59 guerrilla fighter statue and heroes’ busts

Yiannakis Christoforou (Γιαννάκης Χριστοφόρου) bust

Yiasoumis K. Theodosiou (Γιασουμής Κ. Θεοδοσίου) bust

Cypriot Church

The Church of Cyprus is one of the oldest autocephalous Orthodox churches. Under the Ottoman Empire it was recognized as the only political authority of the Christian population regardless of its denomination. The privileges gained over time made the Church of Cyprus powerful in terms of influence in all aspects of life on the island. 

The incident which interrupted that tranquil symbiosis was the execution of the Cypriot Archbishop in 1821. That summer Archbishop Kyprianos and three Bishops were paradigmatically hanged because they disobeyed the direct order of the Sultan (Ottoman Empire) not to interfere in the Greek War of Independence. The event marked the beginning of a growing separation between the two cultural and religious communities of the island. 

After 1878, when Cyprus was leased to the British, Cyprus Church was granted more freedom in religious practices. However the new rulers limited the Church’s jurisdiction on certain social, cultural and administrative issues. 

The October 1931 riots had as the main demand the union (énosis) with Greece and culminated the tension between the two parts (see category union (énosis)). In 1950 Makarios III was elected Archbishop and undertook intense social and political activity supporting the union (énosis) goal. He became the political leader of the EOKA 1955-59 (see category EOKA 1955-59) struggle and the first President of the Democracy of Cyprus in 1960, when the island was granted independence.

Abbot Iakovos Michailidis Myrianthefs bust

Alexandria Patriarch Petros VII (Πατριάρχης Αλεξανδρείας Πέτρος Ζ’) statue

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust and memorial

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) and Georgios Grivas Digenis (Γεώργιος Γρίβας Διγενής) busts

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

 Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios ΙΙΙ (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Father Dositheos (Οικονόμος Δοσίθεος) bust

Ioannis Christophorou (Ιωάννης Χριστοφόρου) bust

Mausoleum to the Cypriot national martyrs of July 9th 1821

Meletios Metaxakis, Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Μελέτιος Μεταξάκης) bust

Memorial to Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός)

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’)

Memorial to the Prodromos’ Archbishops

Nikodimos Mylonas Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Νικόδημος Μυλωνάς) bust

Solomon Panagidis (Οικονόμος Σολομών Παναγίδης) bust

Trooditissa Bishop Epiphanios Aggelidis (Ηγούμενος Τροοδιτίσσης Επιφάνιος Αγγελίδης) bust

Union (énosis)

Since the 19th century the wish or demand of the Greek Cypriots to become officially united with the Greek state determined the political life of the island. The identification of Cyprus with ellinikótita (greekness), which includes the Greek language, the Orthodox creed and the Greek-Orthodox cultural tradition, was taken for granted regardless of the centuries of various occupations (Richard the Lionheart and the Knights Templar, Franks, Venetians, Ottomans, British), due to the majority of the Greek speaking Orthodox population of the island (close to 80%). As a matter of fact, the only historic period which was not regarded as ‘occupation’ was during the Byzantine rule (7th-12th centuries). 

During the 19th century the union (énosis) belief was strengthened even more because of the romantic Greek goal of the Megáli Idéa (Great Idea) and the consequent irredentist policy, which culminated during the 1955-1959 National Organization of Cypriot Fighters’ (Ethniki Organosi Kiprion Agoniston, or EOKA) guerrilla war against the British authority.

The independence of the island in 1960 was perceived as a step towards the goal of union (énosis) and that mindset led to the turbulent political upheavals during the next fourteen years. This grassroots’ conviction is apparent in the fact that in the present time the Democracy of Cyprus shares the same national anthem with Greece and uses equally the Greek flag along with the Cypriot one.

Andreas Themistokleous (Ανδρέας Θεμιστοκλέους) bust

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Christodoulos Galatopoulos (Χριστόδουλος Γαλατόπουλος) bust

Christodoulos Sozos (Χριστόδουλος Σώζος) bust

Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός) bust

Filios Zannetos (Φίλιος Ζαννέτος) bust

Ioannis Vergopoulos (Ιωάννης Βεργόπουλος) bust

General Kimon the Athenian (Κίμων ο Αθηναίος) bust

Mausoleum to the Cypriot national martyrs of July 9th 1821

Meletios Metaxakis, Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Μελέτιος Μεταξάκης) bust

Memorial to the dead of October 1931 riots

Nikodimos Mylonas Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Νικόδημος Μυλωνάς) bust

Nikolaos Katalanos (Νικόλαος Καταλάνος) bust

Nikolaos Kl. Lanitis (Νικόλαος Κλ. Λανίτης) bust

Onoufrios Kliridis (Ονούφριος Κληρίδης) bust

 

Ancient Greek and Byzantine legacy

This category summarizes the notion of Greek cultural continuity through the centuries although ancient Greek art and culture is fundamentally different to the Byzantine. The common denominator of the Greek language covers a large part of the population in the Byzantine Empire. Together with the shared Orthodox creed turned into a culturally unifying factor especially during the Ottoman occupation period (1453-1821). This formed the notion of continuity of the Greek race and culture which was strengthened by the folk myths and, subsequently erased all the uncomfortable historical details. 

Under romanticism during the 18th and 19th centuries that notion became a deep conviction; it aligned with the western romantic nationalistic ideologies; and nourished the Greek War of Independence in 1821. In the Greek arts cultural continuity was expressed through the domination of neo-classical aesthetics during the 19th century and a good part of the 20th. This was despite the gradual concerns and the critical approach on behalf of some intellectuals from the beginning of the 20th century.   

Greek irredentist policy based on the Megáli Idéa (Great Idea) had the conviction of ancient Greek and Byzantine legacy continuity as a reference point. The Megali Idea implied the goal of reviving the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and dominated Greek foreign policy and domestic politics till the Asia Minor Campaign in 1922.

Alexander the Great (Μέγας Αλέξανδρος) statue

Apollonios from Kition (Απολλώνιος ο Κιτιεύς) bust

Cupid

Dionysos

General Kimon the Athenian (Κίμων ο Αθηναίος) bust

Goddess Artemis the hunter

Kallipatira (Καλλιπάτειρα) statue

Kimon the Athenian bust

Liberty Monument

Monument to Goddess Athena

Sleeping Eros

Tilemahos Kallonas (Τηλέμαχος Καλλονάς) bust

Zinon Kitiefs (Ζήνων ο Κιτιεύς) bust

Zinon Kitiefs (Ζήνων ο Κιτιεύς) statue

 

 

Sense of Place project 

The project “Sense of Place” started in 2008, concluded in 2009, and was an initiative of Hermes Airports and the Bouygues Batiment International Cyrus Branch. It involved twelve contemporary Cypriot artists with an aim of bringing a scent of the rich history and culture of Cyprus to the international travelers. The curator of the project was Yiannis Toumazis, director of the Nicosia Municipal Arts Centre. The project involved both Pafos and Larnaka international airports of Cyprus, and included outdoor and indoor spaces.

The starting point for the artists who participated in the Pafos airport project the myth of Aphrodite. One of the goddess’s most celebrated sanctuaries until late antiquity (3rd-4th centuries A.D.) was at Palaipafos area, very close to Pafos airport. Palaipafos has also provided the archeologists with important Chalcolithic findings (approximately 3.500-2.400 B.C.).

On the other hand, the artists involved in the Larnaka airport project draw their references from the concept of time, due to the long history and culture of the island. The artworks of nine artists are on display at Larnaka airport. All the works are installed indoors with the exception of Theodoulos Grigoriou’ Hourglass and Cells.

Past Presence

Sense of Place project

The project “Sense of Place” started in 2008, concluded in 2009, and was an initiative of Hermes Airports and the Bouygues Batiment International Cyrus Branch. It involved twelve contemporary Cypriot artists with an aim of bringing a scent of the rich history and culture of Cyprus to the international travelers. The curator of the project was Yiannis Toumazis, director of the Nicosia Municipal Arts Centre. The project involved both Pafos and Larnaka international airports of Cyprus, and included outdoor and indoor spaces.

The starting point for the artists who participated in the Pafos airport project the myth of Aphrodite. One of the goddess’s most celebrated sanctuaries until late antiquity (3rd-4th centuries A.D.) was at Palaipafos area, very close to Pafos airport. Palaipafos has also provided the archeologists with important Chalcolithic findings (approximately 3.500-2.400 B.C.).

On the other hand, the artists involved in the Larnaka airport project draw their references from the concept of time, due to the long history and culture of the island. The artworks of nine artists are on display at Larnaka airport. All the works are installed indoors with the exception of Theodoulos Grigoriou’ Hourglass and Cells.

Hourglass

Ceremonial gathering 

Cells

Thodoros Papayiannis, Female Figure_nnn General view of Limassol embankment_nnnn

Thodoros Papayiannis                     General view of Limassol embankment

Limassol is the main port in Cyprus and its biggest city in terms of population. It has a long history in arts and has always had, comparatively, the most innovative and progressive society within the island. The reconstruction of the coast close to the medieval castle on Christodoulou Chatzipavlou Avenue, and its expansion through reclaiming land from the sea, triggered the thought of a contemporary artistic intervention in the public space.

The Limassol Municipality decided to embellish and upgrade the city according to international long-applied methods and create a public park that people could visit, stay and use during their leisure time. Three symposia were annually organised between 1999 and 2001 with an aim to bring modern art closer to the inhabitants of the city. As an end result a Sculpture Park was created. The originality of that initiative should be measured within Cypriot standards where any ‘art’ located in public space serves exclusively commemorative (mostly war commemorative) purposes.

Consequently aesthetics and artistic quality is only randomly considered. In an attempt to promote the city’s twining with other cities in Greece and abroad, the title of the symposia was “Twining Cities”. The participant artists were proposed by the twined to the Limassol cities, or their artistic foundations. A local selection committee was formed to select the Cypriot participants. In certain cases private sponsors ‘adopted’ some artworks. This was the case for the companies Alpha bank (Helene Black, “Framed views”), Aristos Philis Printers (Manolis Tzobanakis, “Sacrifice”), Ioannou and Paraskevaidis Ltd (Giorgos Houliaras, “Synthesis”), and Lanitis Group (Maria Kyprianou, “Birth”); the private committees “Limassol Committee of the Cyprus Association for Parents of many Children” (Kyriakos Rokos, “Mother of many children”), and individuals such as the Pambos Zenios family (Thodoros Papayiannis “Female Figure”).

In addition to the participants, Thodoros Papayiannis’ work, “Female figure”, presumably an allegory of Limassol, found its final position in the Sculpture Park. The 6 meters sculpture, made of brass, was donated to Limassol Municipality by the sculptor in 1991 as a symbolic gesture to honor the memory of Stefi Zeniou. In 1996 it was placed in the courtyard of the Municipal Gallery and eventually was located at the Sculpture Park.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 23, 1997, p. 28.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 1999, p. 33.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), March 19, 2000, p. 55.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), July 16, 2000, p. 102.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), July 15, 2001, p. 58.
~ Α’ Συμπόσιο Γλυπτικής Δήμου Λεμεσού 1999 Αδελφές πόλεις (Limassol Municipality, Twined Cities), Limassol Municipality: 1999.
~ Εικαστικά Δρώμενα (Ikastika Dromena), The Cyprus Chamber of Fine Arts, August 1999, no 23, p. 3.
~ Εικαστικά Δρώμενα (Ikastika Dromena), The Cyprus Chamber of Fine Arts, September 1999, no 24, p. 1-11.
~ Εικαστικά Δρώμενα (Ikastika Dromena), The Cyprus Chamber of Fine Arts, September 2000, no 36, p.1-2, 4, 9-15.

http://www.limassolmunicipal.com.cy/sculpture/aen.html
http://www.limassolmunicipal.com.cy/sculpture/ben.html
http://www.limassolmunicipal.com.cy/sculpture/cen.html

Limassol Symposia:
1st Symposium
2nd Symposium
3rd Symposium

 
 

Georgios Xanthos Chr. Tsikouris (Γεώργιος Ξάνθος Χρ. Τσικουρής) bust

Χρίστος Τσικουρής (1)n Χρίστος Τσικουρής (3)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: Stasinou Avenue, Nicosia Municipality Children’s park. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze

Dimensions: > 2 meters

Category: The Committee for the Restoration of Democracy in Greece (ΕΑΔΕ/EADE)

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Georgios Tsikouris died in 1970 during his attempt to set off a bomb at the American Embassy in Athens, as a protest to its presumed collaboration with the Greek junta. The initiative for the bust was taken by “The Committee for the Restoration of Democracy in Greece” (ΕΑΔΕ/EADE) which coordinated the fundraising, too. The unveiling took place on February 28th 1982.

Selected sources:
~ Απογευματινή (Apogevmatini), September 4, 1995.
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 25, 1979, p. 10.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), September 3, 1988, p. 4.
~ Matthopoulou, Evangelia. 2012. «Μνημεία, Προτομές και Ανδριάντες στο Δήμο Λευκωσίας» (“Monuments, busts and statues in Nicosia Municipality”), Φιλολογική Κύπρος 2009-2011 (Philoloyiki Kypros 2009-2011), Nicosia: Hellenic Intellectual Association of Cyprus.

Keywords:

Strovolos (Στρόβολος)

Anelixis (Advancement)

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) and Georgios Grivas Digenis (Γεώργιος Γρίβας Διγενής) busts

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Athina K. Dianellou (Αθηνά Κ. Διανέλλου) and Evgenia A. Theodotou (Ευγενία Α. Θεοδότου) busts

Bishop Ioannis Phoradaris (Ιωάννης Φοραδάρης) and Ioannis Mavridis (Ιωάννης Μαυρίδης) busts

Canon Frank Darvall Newham bust

Charalambos Pettemeridis (Χαράλαμπος Πεττεμερίδης) statue

Kostas Loizou (Κώστας Λοΐζου) bust

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) statue

Like a tree

Memorial to Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός)

Memorial to the Cyprus Workers Confederation

Memorial to the dead of October 1931 riots

Memorial to the dead of the “Pharos” union

Memorial to the Kythrea dead

Memorial to “The Mother”

Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής) bust

Nuovo Twist

Olympic Hall Sculptures

Passing Moments

Saint Gregory of Narek (Άγιος Γρηγόριος Ναρεκήνσιος) bust

Untitled

Untitled

Zareh Aznavorian bust

Nicosia (Λευκωσία)

Andis Pernaris (Άντης Περνάρης) bust

Antonios Theodotou (Αντώνιος Θεοδότου) bust

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Dimitris Lipertis (Δημήτρης Λιπέρτης) bust

Dimosthenis Mitsis (Δημοσθένης Μιτσής) bust

Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός) bust

Doros Loizos (Δώρος Λοΐζος) bust

Efrosyni Proestou (Ευφροσύνη Προεστού) bust

Georgios Xanthos Chr. Tsikouris (Γεώργιος Ξάνθος Χρ. Τσικουρής) bust

Golden Stone

Iakovos Patatsos (Ιάκωβος Πατάτσος) statue

Ioannis Vergopoulos (Ιωάννης Βεργόπουλος) bust

Konstantinos Spyridakis (Κωνσταντίνος Σπυριδάκις) bust

Kostas Montis (Κώστας Μόντης) and Marios Tokas (Μάριος Τόκας) busts

Kostis Palamas (Κωστής Παλαμάς) bust

Liberty Monument

Mahatma Gandhi bust

Markos Drakos (Μάρκος Δράκος) statue

Mausoleum to the Cypriot national martyrs of July 9th 1821

Memorial to Konstantinos Leventis (Κωνσταντίνος Λεβέντης)

Memorial to Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής)

Memorial to Rodion and Miltiadis Georgiadis (Ροδίων και Μιλτιάδης Γεωργιάδης)

Memorial to Sophia Vempo (Σοφία Βέμπω)

Memorial to the 3rd Company of 211 Infantry Battalion (211 ΤΠ) dead and missing

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (Liberty Monument)

Memorial to the “Pankyprio Gymnasium” dead students

Monument to Goddess Athena

Monument to the Working Class Heroes

Nicosia Symposium

Nikolaos Katalanos (Νικόλαος Καταλάνος) bust

Nikos Kranidiotis (Νίκος Κρανιδιώτης) bust

Ourania Kokkinou (Ουρανία Κοκκίνου) bust

Stavros Stylianidis (Σταύρος Στυλιανίδης) bust

Stelios Mavrommatis (Στέλιος Μαυρομμάτης) bust

The poet

The Resolution

The shot blasting

Themistoklis Dervis (Θεμιστοκλής Δέρβης) bust

Untitled

Vladimiros Kafkaridis (Βλαδίμηρος Καυκαρίδης) bust