Category Archives: Cypriot Church

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

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Artist: Unknown 

Location: Pafos Archdiocese, Pafos Municipality. Pafos district. 

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 122 cm x 71 cm x 41 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1982-1983 during the prettification of the Archdiocese yard.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (3)n

Artist: Memos Makris

Place: Kykkos 2nd lyceum, Strovolos. Nicosia district

Dimensions: 156 cm x 46 cm x 31 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The unveiling took place on January 19th 1981.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Αρχιεπίσκοπος  Μακάριος Στρόβολος (1)n Αρχιεπίσκοπος  Μακάριος Στρόβολος (6)n

Artist: Nikos Dymiotis

Location: Panayia Chriseleousa Church, Strovolos. Nicosia district 

Material: Marble

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in 1981 by the Panayia Chriseleousa church and Strovolos community. The unveiling took place on December 6th 1982.

Keywords:

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός Στρόβολος (1)n Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός Στρόβολος (5)n

Artist: Georgios Bonanos 

Location: Panayia Chriseleousa Church, Strovolos. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Category: Cypriot Church, Public sculpture before 1960

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Archbishop Kyprianos was hanged on July 9th 1821 in Nicosia with the accusation that Cypriots disobeyed the direct order of the Turkish Sultan to stay neutral from the Greek War of Independence.The event marked the beginning of a growing separation between the two cultural and religious communities of the island.

The initiative for the bust was taken by Strovolos community in 1928 on the occasion of 100 years of the Greek state independence. The community authorities coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place in 1929.

Selected sources:
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), July 18, 1928, p. 2.
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), July 21, 1928, p. 3.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) and Georgios Grivas Digenis (Γεώργιος Γρίβας Διγενής) busts

Γρίβας και Μακάριος ΣΙΜΑΕ (1)n Γρίβας και Μακάριος ΣΙΜΑΕ (2)n Γρίβας και Μακάριος ΣΙΜΑΕ (3)n Γρίβας και Μακάριος ΣΙΜΑΕ (5)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 Struggle (SIMAE) premises, Strovolos. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze

Category: Cypriot Church, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned in 2002 by the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 Struggle (SIMAE) and the unveiling took place on April 13th 2005.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), February 17, 2009.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), February 17, 2009.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meeting Minutes April 10, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document March 24, 2009; Meeting Minutes March 12, 2009.

Keywords:

Memorial to Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός)

Γλυπτό Αρχιεπισκόπου Κυπριανού (1)n Γλυπτό Αρχιεπισκόπου Κυπριανούn

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos

Location: Archbishop Kyprianos Lyceum, Strovolos. Nicosia district

Category: Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 2006 by the Archbishop Kyprianos Lyceum graduates of 1976, who coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place on March 24th 2006.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/10, document December 21, 2005.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/11, document January 13, 2006.

Keywords:

Solomon Panagidis (Οικονόμος Σολομών Παναγίδης) bust

Προτομή Οικονόμου Σολομώντος Παναγίδη (4)n Προτομή Οικονόμου Σολομώντος Παναγίδη (6)n

Artist: Chrysostomos Perdios 

Location: Agia Triada church, Limassol. Limassol district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 123 cm the pedestal (+110 cm the two steps) x 36 cm x 34 cm

Category: Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Father Solomon Panagidis was the founder of the catechetic in Limassol and of the Christian-Orthodox Youth Union of Limassol (ΟΧΕΝ). He was a member of EOKA 1955-59. The initiative for the bust was taken by his students at the catechetic school who also coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place on June 2nd 1968.

Selected sources:
~ Αγών (Agon), May 30, 1968, p. 1.
~ Μάχη (Mahi), December 2, 1964, p. 2.  
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), November 25, 1964, p. 2.
~ Savvidis Christakis, Περιδιαβάζοντας τη Λεμεσό (Strolling around Limassol). Limassol Municipality: 1991.

Keywords:

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Αρχιεπισκοπή (1)n Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Αρχιεπισκοπή (2)n

Artist: Andreas Thymopoulos 

Location: Saint John Cathedral, forecourt of the old Archbishopric Palace, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: ~3.5 meters

Category: Cypriot Church, Union (énosis), Public sculpture before 1960 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Archbishop’s relatives and the unveiling took place on December 13th 1909.

Sofronios was known for his mild character, his realistic approach to the political situation in Cyprus and, consequently, his willingness to co-exist in peace with the British rulers of the island. However, this attitude of his caused discomfort among the Cypriots and was perceived as a compromise and a deficit of fighting spirit, in discordance to the Greek Cypriot ideals of official union (énosis) with Greece.

To counterbalance this impression, it was attributed to him the phrase written on the pedestal: “British rulers we accept for now your presence, eagerly waiting the time when the white robed liberty will shine at Evagoras’ glorious land” (Βρεττανοί στέργομεν τώρα την των Άγγλων κατοχήν αναμένοντες την ώρα μ’ ανυπόμονον ψυχήν που θα λάμψη λευκοφόρα η θεά μας λευθεριά στου λαμπρού μας Ευαγόρα την αφρόλουστη στεριά). 

This phrase was supposedly addressed to the First British High Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief, Sir Garret Wolseley, when he arrived in Larnaka in 1878. However, according to historical sources this position, in general lines, was expressed by the Kition Bishop Kyprianos Ikonomidis who was attending the arrival ceremony. On the contrary Sofronios expressed to Sir Wolseley his wish for equal rights and duties, stating the Cypriots’ devotion to the new ruler.  

Selected sources:
~ Filippou Loizos, Η Εκκλησία της Κύπρου επί Τουρκοκρατίας (Cypriot Church during the British rule), Nicosia 1975.
~ Hackett John, Ιστορία της Ορθοδόξου Εκκλησίας της Κύπρου (A history of the Orthodox Church of Cyprus: from the coming of the apostles Paul and Barnabas to the commencement of the British occupation), vol.1, Athens 1923.
~ Koudounaris Aristidis, Βιογραφικόν λεξικόν Κυπρίων 1800-1920 (Biographical dictionary of Cupriots 1800-1920), Nicosia 2010.
~ Zannetos Filios, Ιστορία της νήσου Κύπρου από της Αγγλικής κατοχής μέχρι σήμερον (History of Cyprus from the time of British rule till today), vol. 2 & 3. Larnaka 1911-1912
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), January 1, 1910, p. 1.
~ Κυπριακός Φύλαξ (Kypriakos Filax), December 19, 1909. p. 1. 

Keywords:

Archbishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust

Αρχιεπίσκοποςn Προτομήn

Artist: Georgios Bonanos 

Location: Saint John Cathedral, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Material: Pentelic marble

Dimensions: ~3.5 meters 

Category: Cypriot Church, Union (énosis), Public sculpture before 1960 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Archbishop Kyprianos was hanged on July 9th 1821 in Nicosia with the accusation that Cypriots disobeyed the direct order of the Turkish Sultan to stay neutral from the Greek War of Independence.The event marked the beginning of a growing separation between the two cultural and religious communities of the island.

This bust is the first public artwork in Cyprus. It was commissioned by the Patriotic Association of Cypriots in Athens and the unveiling took place on July 9th 1909. Although the bust was presented in 1901 at the Cypriot Exhibition in Athens, the unveiling was delayed for eight years due to the archbishopric crisis that broke out after the death of Archbishop Sofronios III in May 1900. 

The Archbishopric seat remained vacant until April 1909 due to a turbulent dispute that emerged between the two successor candidates, the bishop of Kition Kyrillos Papadopoulos, known for his intransigence for énosis (union) and the bishop of Kyrenia Kyrillos Vassiliou, known for his moderate and realistic policy to the British administration. The eight years confrontation divided deeply the Cypriot society and massive riots and demonstrations took place in the major cities of the island. Eventually, the bishop of Kition was elected on April 21st 1909, but his opponent recognized him as the Archbishop of Cyprus only in the beginning of 1910.  

The rivals of Kition Bishop used Kyprianos’ name during aforementioned crisis to support their arguments. As a consequence the unveiling of his bust under those circumstances would become an additional source for tension and riots. Thereof, the unveiling took place three months after the election of Archbishop Kyrillos II from Kition Bishopric. 

In 1961, after the construction of the new Archbishopric premises, the bust was removed and placed in the new Archbishopric yard. In 1987 it was moved again due to the colossal Archbishop Makarios III statue, and was placed in its current location, at the entrance of the courtyard.

The resemblance of the bust to the actual features of Kyprianos became a new reason of anxiety in the Cypriot society. The sculptor Bonanos had depicted Kyprianos’ features according to a portrait of him, kept at Machairas Monastery at Troodos Mountain. Nevertheless, many objected arguing that the lack of resemblance would raise issues of historical accuracy, artistic excellence and national ideology. 

Selected sources:
~ Fragoudis S. Georgios, Ιστορία του Αρχιεπισκοπικού ζητήματος Κύπρου, 1900-1910 (History of the Archbishopric Issue of 1900-1910), Alexandria 1911.
~ Fragoudis S. Georgios. Κυπριακή έκθεσις εν Αθήναις 1901 (The 1901 Cypriot Exhibition in Athens), K. Kokkinofta, introduction. Nicosia, 2005. 
~ Hill George, A History of Cyprus, v. IV, Cambridge 1972, pp. 577-606.
~ Katalanos Nikolaos, Κυπριακόν Λεύκωμα Ο Ζήνων (Cypriot Album Zinon), year 1st, Nicosia 1914, p. 186. 
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), July, 31, 1909, p.1. 
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), September 1, 1900. 
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), July 31, 1909, p. 2. 
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), August 21, 1909, p. 3. 
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), September 25, 1909, p. 1. 

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' (3)n

Artist: Apostolos Fanakidis 

Location: Forecourt of the Archbishopric Palace, Nicosia. Nicosia district 

Material: Marble

Category: Cypriot Church, EOKA 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned in 2008 by the Archbishopric of Cyprus. The unveiling took place on May 29th 2011.

Keywords:

Mausoleum to the Cypriot national martyrs of July 9th 1821

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Artist: Georgios Dimitriadis

Location: Panayia Phaneromeni Church, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Category: Cypriot Church, Union (énosis), Public sculpture before 1960

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was constructed to commemorate a hundred years since the foundation of the Modern Greek State. 

Archbishop Kyprianos and three more Bishops were hanged on July 9th 1821 in Nicosia with the accusation that Cypriots disobeyed the direct order of the Turkish Sultan to stay neutral from the Greek War of Independence.  

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Holy Synod of the Church of Cyprus, the Kykkos Monastery, and the Panayia Phaneromeni Church. The unveiling took place on July 9th 1930. The remains of Archbishop Kyprianos and the Bishops are kept in the mausoleum.

Georgios Dimitriadis the Athenian (1880-1941) was one of the most renowned Greek sculptors following the academic style in the beginning of the 20th century. The mausoleum brings together all the symbols of Byzantine art and the aesthetic characteristics of ancient Greek. The head covering with a cloth symbolizes the mourning and its abstract conception here turns it into an ideogram of loss. 

Selected sources:
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), July, 10, 1930, p. 1.
~ Έθνος (Ethnos), May 29, 1930, p. 1. 
~ Έθνος (Ethnos), June 28, 1930, p. 1.
~ Έθνος (Ethnos), July 12, 1930, p. 4.
~ Παρατηρητής (Paratiritis), June 1, 1929, p. 4. 
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), April 26, 1930, p. 1. 
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), July 5, 1930, p. 1. 
~ Φωνή της Κύπρου (Foni tis Kyprou), July 12, 1930, p. 2. 

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Προτομή Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' (1)n Προτομή Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' (7)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Saint Savvas church yard, old city of Nicosia. Nicosia district.

Dimensions: 165 cm (+17 cm the pedestal) x 59 cm x 59 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, EOKA 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by the church committee of Saint Savvas. On the basis, in front of the bust is written: “We do not forget our enslaved villages and towns. We do not forget our enslaved land on which our altars and homes are built and in them our parents and ancestors are buried” (Δεν ξεχνούμε τα σκλαβωμένα χωριά και τις πόλεις μας. Δεν ξεχνούμε τους σκλαβωμένους τόπους που πάνω τους είναι κτισμένοι οι βωμοί και οι εστίες μας και μέσα τους είναι θαμμένοι οι γονιοί και οι πρόγονοί μας). 

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (3)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, Limassol. Limassol district

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

In 2002, an ad hoc private committee was in place coordinating negotiations with the authorities with regard to a memorial dedicated to Makarios III. After a period of five years, in 2007 the Pan Cypriot Association of Democratic Partisans took the initiative to bring the project to fruition. The unveiling took place on August 2nd 2007 on the occasion of 30 years since his death.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λεμεσού (Limassol Municipality Archive), 15.3.01, documents May 24, 2007; July 5, 2002; March 8, 2007; July 25, 2007.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/13, documents January 31, 2007; May 18, 2007; June 12, 207; June 15, 2007; July 2, 2007.

Keywords:

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’)

P1100116n P1100117n

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: First Limassol Technical School, Limassol. Limassol district

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

An initiative to commemorate Archbishop Makarios III was taken by the Technical School Professors’ Association in 1977, the year of his death. A stele with his portrait in bas relief was placed in 1978 inside the school yard.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 30, 1977, p. 1.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), march 2, 1995, p. 3. 
~ Savvidis Christakis, Περιδιαβάζοντας τη Λεμεσό (Strolling around Limassol). Limassol Municipality: 1991.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Artist: Andros Kazamias

Location: Police Headquarters, Lemesou Avenue, Aglandjia. Nicosia district

Material: Stone

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen

The initiative for the statue of Makarios III was taken by the Police Associations and was commissioned in 1985 after a competition call. The cost was covered by fundraising among the Cypriot Police force members. The unveiling took place on June 18th 1992

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), March 24, 1985, p. 2.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), January 19, 1992, p. 20.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/4, competition call document; Meetings Minutes June 29, 1984; October 18, 1984.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/6, documents October 13, 2003; July 17, 2003; January 26, 2004.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Προτομή Μακαρίου (2)n Προτομή Μακαρίου (5)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, in front of Saint Prodromos church, Mesa Geitonia. Limassol district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 185 cm x 57 cm x 60 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Mesa Geitonia national-popular association which coordinated the fundraising. It was placed in 1979.

Selected sources:

~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 21, p. 12.

Keywords:

Archbishop Sofronios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος Γ’) bust

Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος (1)n Αρχιεπίσκοπος Σωφρόνιος (4)n

Artist: Phylactis Ierides

Location: Foini. Limassol district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 144 cm (+ 30 cm step) x 76 cm x 62 cm

Category: Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by an ad hoc committee. The bust was completed in 2000.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, Meeting Minutes October 26, 1999.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Prodromos’ Archbishops

Μνημείο Αρχιεπισκόπων και πεσόντων Προδρομιτών (2)n Μνημείο Αρχιεπισκόπων και πεσόντων Προδρομιτών (6)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Community square, Prodromos. Limassol district 

Category: Cypriot Church 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the inhabitants of Prodromos village and the Prodromos friends’ association, the Morfou Archbishopric and the Prodromos community committee funded the construction. 

The portraits of the four Archiboshops of Cyprus, originated from Prodromos village, are carved on medals and inserted on the commemorative wall. The Archbishops are Makarios I (Μακάριος Α’), Sofronios ΙΙΙ (Σωφρόνιος Γ’), Kyrillos II (Κύριλλος Β’) and Makarios II (Μακάριος Β’). 

Adjacent to them is placed a memorial stele for the village dead and missing.  

The unveiling took place on June 26th 2011.

Keywords

Ioannis Christophorou (Ιωάννης Χριστοφόρου) bust

Προτομή Παπά Ιωάννη Χριστοφόρου (2)n Προτομή Παπά Ιωάννη Χριστοφόρου (5)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Parekklisia. Limassol district

Dimensions: 151 cm x 74 cm x 75 cm

Category: Public Figures, Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Ioannis Christoforou was a benefactor. The initiative was taken by the Parekklisia community and the bust was placed in 2009.

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Father Dositheos (Οικονόμος Δοσίθεος) bust

Οικονόμος Δοσίθεος (1)n Οικονόμος Δοσίθεος (3)n

Artist: Aristidis Anastasiadis

Location: At the entrance of Holy Cross Church yard, Omodos. Limassol district

Dimensions: 182 cm x 51 cm x 22 cm

Category: Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Father Dositheos was hanged in summer 1821, along with Archbishop Kyprianos and two more Bishops, because Greek Cypriots disobeyed the direct order of the Sultan not to interfere in the Greek War of the Independence. The initiative for the bust was taken in 1971 by the Omodos community committee in commemoration of 150 years since his martyrdom and death. An artistic competition call was issued in the beginning of 1972.

Selected sources:
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), July 29, 1971, p. 4.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/2, document January 1, 1972.

Keywords:

Archimandrite Ieronymos Myriantheas (Αρχιμανδρίτης Ιερώνυμος Μυριανθέας) bust

 Προτομή Αρχιμανδρίτη Ιερώνυμου Μυριανθέα (3)n Προτομή Αρχιμανδρίτη Ιερώνυμου Μυριανθέα (5)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Primary school yard, Kaminaria. Limassol district 

Dimensions: 177 cm x 54 cm x 41 cm

Category: Public Figures, Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by an ad hoc private committee for the memorial. The bust was made in 1997 and the unveiling took place on November 1st 1998.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 7, 1998, p. 8.

Keywords:

Trooditissa Bishop Epiphanios Aggelidis (Ηγούμενος Τροοδιτίσσης Επιφάνιος Αγγελίδης) bust

Ηγούμενος Τροοδιτίσσης Επιφάνιος (1)n Ηγούμενος Τροοδιτίσσης Επιφάνιος (4)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Bishop Epiphanios square, Agios Amvrosios. Limassol district 

Dimensions: 115 cm x 36 cm x 32 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Bishop Epiphanios Aggelidis had founded the first elementary school at Agios Amvrosios village. The initiative was taken by the Agios Amvrosios community board and the unveiling took place on November 22nd 2009.

Keywords:

Nikodimos Mylonas Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Νικόδημος Μυλωνάς) bust

Νικόδημος Μυλωνάς και Μεταξάκης n

Προτομή Νικόδημου Μυλωνά n

Artist: Antonis Sohos 

Location: Outside the premises of the Diocese of Kition. Larnaka district.  

Material: Pentelic marble 

Dimensions: ~2 meters

Category: Union (enosis), Cypriot Church, Public sculpture before 1960 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1950 by the Diocese of Kition. The Bishop’s bust is located along with the Bishop’s Meletios Metaxakis at the entrance of the Diocese. The unveiling took place on October 19th 1952.

Keywords:

Meletios Metaxakis, Bishop of Kition (Μητροπολίτης Κιτίου Μελέτιος Μεταξάκης) bust

Προτομή Μελέτιου Μεταξάκη (1) n  Προτομή Μελέτιου Μεταξάκη (6) n

Artist: Marios Garyfalakis

Location: Outside the premises of the Diocese of Kition. Larnaka district.  

Material: Pentelic marble 

Dimensions: ~2 meters

Category: Union (enosis), Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Bishop Meletios Metaxakis later became an Ecumenical Patriarch. His bust is located along with Bishop Nikodimos Mylonas’ at the entrance of the Diocese. It was commissioned in 1967 by the Diocese of Kition. 

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Alexandria Patriarch Petros VII (Πατριάρχης Αλεξανδρείας Πέτρος Ζ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Πατριάρχη Αλεξανδρείας Πέτρου Ζ' (8) n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Agios Georgios Kontos church yard, Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Category: Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned in 2006 by the Diocese of Kition and Agios Georgios Kontos Monastery Committee. The unveiling took place on September 10th 2006. 

Selected sources:
~Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/110, document December 23, 2005.
~Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/11, Meeting Minutes, January 23, 2006.

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Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (1) n

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Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Grigoris Afxentiou Avenue, close to Evriviadio high school, Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the statue was taken by the Larnaka School Board. The unveiling of the statue took place on June 13th 1985. A second ceremony to inaugurate the memorial area, after the reconstruction, took place on January 19th 2011. 

Selected sources:
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 3, 1979, p. 10. 
~Σημερινή (Simerini), June 13, 1985, p. 7.

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Archbishop Makarios ΙΙΙ (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' Πεδουλάς (3)n Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' Πεδουλάς (4)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Pedoulas village center. Nicosia district. 

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 3 meters 

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1981 by an ad hoc private committee. The sculptor, Nikolaos Kotziamanis offered his work in gratis. The unveiling took place on August 23rd 1981. 

Selected sources:
~ Κύπρος (Kypros), August 24, 1981, p. 1.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/3, document May 10, 1979.

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Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

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Old location

Ανδριάντας Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' Θρονί (5)n 

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Kykkos-Throni area, Panayia Kykkos monastery. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 9.5 x 4.3 x 5.5 meters 

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

This oversized statue of Makarios III is also known as “Colossus” or (unofficially) as “BigMac”. Although Kotziamanis was already working on the models in 1979, the whole construction took a long time in preparation and its placement in the Archbishopric yard, in the old city of Nicosia, happened only on July 24th 1987. The initiative for the statue was taken by Archbishop Chrisostomos I, who apparently acted contrary to the wishes of Nicosia Municipality authorities. The statue was supposed to symbolize “the fights for freedom and justice to the citizens of Cyprus; to become inspiration and guidance for the generations to come, so that they continue his work” 

Because “Colossus” location required the displacement and relocation of Archbishop Kyprianos’ bust within the Archbishopric yard, and possibly because of the unavoidable political connotations the statue’s extraordinary size raised, this specific Makarios monument ignited intense controversial debates and extensive press reports. Due to the tension created the initially programmed unveiling for August 3rd was postponed, and eventually cancelled. 

An alternative proposal for the statue to be relocated at Throni area, where Makarios III is buried, was already on the table in the beginning of August 1987. The relocation took place only after Chrisostomos II, the new Archbishop, reopened the issue in 2007. The unveiling at the current location took place on August 3rd 2013. 

The old location images are available here courtesy of Dr. Adrienne Christiansen. 

Selected sources:
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), July 13, 1987.
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), July 17, 1987.
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), September 9, 1987.
~ Επίκαιρη (Epikeri), July 25, 1987.
~ Κήρυκας (Kirykas), July 12, 1987, p. 3.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 11, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 12, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 14, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 16, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 25, 1987.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), April 20, 1979, p. 2.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 21, 1979, p. 3.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), 27 July, 1987, p. 13.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), July 30, 1987, p. 2.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.1, document February 10, 1981; Meeting Minutes March 23, 1981;
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.2, document July 24, 1987.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.3, documents July 11, 1987; August 27, 1987. August 31, 1987; September 1, 1987; September 7, 1987; September 22, 1987; September 29, 1987.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.5, Meeting Minutes July 22, 1987; September 24, 1987.

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Archibishop Kyprianos (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κυπριανός) bust and memorial

Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Κυπριανού (2)n Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Κυπριανού (3)n Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Κυπριανού (4)n Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Κυπριανούn

Artists: Andreas Savvides (the bust), Kyriakos Tamanas (the mosaic)

Location: Kampia-Machaira road. Nicosia district.

Dimensions: 102 cm x 74 cm x 93 cm

Category: Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 2005 by Kampia Community Committee and “Archbishop Kyprianos” Community Library.

Kyprianos’ bust is flanked by a commemorative wall decorated with mosaics that explicitly state the crucial role Cypriot Church has in the country’s history. Despite the numerous invasions and occupations Cyprus has withstood throughout history, the feeling of ellinikótita (greekness) summarizes the Greek Orthodox ideals. Because of the protective role of the Cypriot Orthodox Church since the late 12th century to secure the inner cohesion of the Greek speaking orthodox population, the cultural identity is identified with the national identity and remains intact.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 2, 1987, p. 2.

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Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (2)n Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (8)n

Artist: Nikos Dymiotis 

Location: Morfou Diocese premises, Evrychou village. Nicosia district 

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 118 cm x 40 cm x 30 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1980 by the Morfou Diocese and the unveiling took place on August 3rd 1983. 

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Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

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Artists: Nikolaos Kotziamanis (the statue), Kyriakos Tamanas (the mosaics)

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, Akaki village. Nicosia district

Dimensions: 3.65 meters

Category: Cypriot Church, EOKA 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Makarios’ III statue, standing on a pedestal, is symmetrically flagged by two mosaic walls behind him. The inscription “Peoples who want to live, and who fight to live, do not perish” («Δεν χάνονται οι λαοί που θέλουν να ζήσουν και αγωνίζονται να ζήσουν») specifies in an eloquent way the visual descriptions of the mosaic panels. Both of them narrate in a fragmented synthesis the suffering of the Cypriot people, the wailing and mourning of the mothers and wives, and the despair of the soldiers. The wires and the prison bars create further emotionally charged connotations, adding symbolic value to the pictures. 

The memorial was commissioned by the expatriates from Akaki leaving in London, the Kykkos monastery, the Cypriot government, the Cypriot Archdiocese, and Akaki community. The unveiling took place on October 19th 1986. 

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), October 19, 1986, p. 20.
~ Φιλελεύθερος, (Fileleftheros), October 19, 1986, p. 1.

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Abbot Iakovos Michailidis Myrianthefs bust

Ηγούμενος Μυριανθέας (1)n Ηγούμενος Μυριανθέας (5)n

Artist: Antonis Sohos

Location: Agios Neofytos monastery

Material: Marble

Category: Cypriot Church

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by Agios Neofytos monastery and the unveiling took place after 1949.

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Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (1)n

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (31)n Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (17)n

Artist: Vasos Falireas 

Location: Historical Cultural Center Archbishop Makarios III, Panagia village.

Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 3 meters

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned by the Panagia Community and the unveiling took place on August 3rd 1982.

Selected sources:
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), December 24, 1980, p. 8.

Keywords

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος (4)n Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος (5)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Polis Chrysochou high school. Pafos district. 

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 183 cm x 43 cm

CategoryCypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1978 by the teachers’ association and the committee of high school student councils. It was exhibited at a Pan Cypriot Art Exhibition which took place in January 1979 and was dedicated to Makarios III. 

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Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

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Artist: Apostolos Fanakidis

Place: Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, entrance of Pafos city. Pafos district.

Material: Stone

Dimensions: 5 x 5 meters (the head of Makarios)

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Inter-communal conflicts 1967, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photograph: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned in 1992 by a private committee for the Makarios III-Resistance Memorial. Around Makarios’ over-sized head a series of plaques bear the names of all the dead fighters from Pafos since 1955. The unveiling took place on June 16th 1996. 

Selected sources
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 8, 1991, p. 10.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 20, 1994, p. 31.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 17, 1996, p. 3. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Πάφου (Pafos Municipality Archive), 12.96, documents December 11, 1992; June 8, 1993; June 2, 1994; November 30, 1995; November 6, 1996; November 29, 2006; February 1999; Meeting Minutes December 10, 1992.

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