Tag Archives: 1974 Coup

Memorial to the Limassol dead and resistance

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Αντιστασιακών (2)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων Αντιστασιακών (3)n Μνημείο Πεσόντων Αντιστασιακών (5)n

Artist: Fedonas Potamitis 

Location: Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, Limassol. Limassol district

Category: 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

A proposal for a memorial dedicated to the Limassol partisans had been started in 2002. Subsequently this initiative was taken up by the Pan Cypriot Association of Democratic Partisans. The costs were covered by various Ministries and Government divisions and the unveiling took place on July 12th 2004.

The two sculpted figures were added to the initial plans in 2003. An androgynous female figure crowned with a laurel wreath, presumably motherland, holds a dead fighter. The only element that indicates her femininity–apart of the renowned pieta pattern she replicates–is the archaic, long chiton and her headdress. Her muscular arms, strong hands, angular face, strong chin and cheekbones, and her voluminous body bear strong references to Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel Sibyls and create a sharp antithesis with the vulnerable naked dead body.

Selected sources:
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), July 13, 2004, p. 13. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λεμεσού (Limassol Municipality Archive), 15.3.01, documents July 8, 2002; April 22, 2002; March 24, 2004.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/2, document January 23, 2002. 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/5, document June 19, 2003. 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/6, documents March 7, 2002; October 8, 2003.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead Policemen

Μνημείο πεσόντων αστυνομικών (7)n Μνημείο πεσόντων αστυνομικώνn

Artist: George Kyriacou

Location: Police Headquarters, Lemesou Avenue, Aglandjia. Nicosia district

Category: Public Figures, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was funded by the Cypriot policemen. It was commissioned in 1968 and was delivered in 1973. The unveiling took place on April 15th 1973.

According to the art competition call it should depict: “the exacerbation of the sacrificial spirit of the dead Policemen”. According to the artist George Kyriacou “the two gigantic hemispheres assimilate to two gigantic police helmets and constitute the basis of the monument. They balance in a subtle way implying policemen’s difficult task to safeguard and keep in balance the counterweighing social and political forces”.

The same symbolisms are attributed to the vertical brass construction.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968, Meeting Minutes December 30, 1969.

Keywords:

Dinos Pavlou (Ντίνος Παύλου) statue

Ντίνος Παύλου (6)n Ντίνος Παύλου (10)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis

Location: Dora. Limassol district

Category: 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the statue was taken by an ad hoc private committee. The unveiling took place on July 8th 1985.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), July 9, 1985.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/4, documents March 2, 1984; May 2, 1984.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead during the 1974 coup

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά το πραξικόπημα (2) n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά το πραξικόπημα (3) n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά το πραξικόπημα (7) n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Alikis square, Louki Akrita St., Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Category: 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned in 1988 by the Larnaka AKEL (Progressive Party of Working People) Regional Committee. The unveiling took place on July 14th 1989. The memorial is dedicated to Georgios Chatzistefani (Γεώργιος Χ’’Στεφανή), Achilleas Kourtellis (Αχιλλέας Κουρτελλής), Georgios Charalambous (Γεώργιος Χαραλάμπους) and Andreas Theodosiou (Ανδρέας Θεοδοσίου). 

It is noted that X’’ on family names is an abbreviation of Chatzi-.

Keywords: 

Nikos Christou Solomou (Νίκος Χρίστου Σολωμού) statue

 Ανδριάντας Νίκου Χρίστου Σολωμού (1)n Ανδριάντας Νίκου Χρίστου Σολωμού (6)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Agios Rafael church, Pachyammos. Nicosia district. 

Category: 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was funded by the family, the “friends, co-fighters and those who appreciate the hero”, as the inscription states. The unveiling took place on July 26th 2008. 

Keywords

Memorial to the dead and missing

Giorgos Xenofontos Poyiatzi n Kostas Ch. Katalanos  bustn      Giorgos Xenofontos Poyiatzi                               Kostas Ch. Katalanos

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Αγίου Επιφανείου (9)n

Artist: Vasilis Kattos

Location: Agios Epifanios Orinis village. Nicosia district. 

Dimensions: 150 cm x 279 cm x 30 cm

Category: 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Kostas Misiaoulis (Κώστας Μισιαούλης), Kostas Ch. Katalanos (Κώστας Χρ. Καταλάνος) and Giorgos Xenofontos Poyiatzi (Γεώργιος Ξενοφώντος Πογιατζή). It was commissioned by the families of the fighters. The unveiling took place on September 11th 2011.

Keywords:

Kostakis Savvidis (Κωστάκης Σαββίδης) and Filippos Kritiotis (Φίλιππος Κρητιώτης) busts

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (2)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (22)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (14)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά την τουρκική εισβολή- προτομές Κρητιώτη και Σαββίδη (7)n

Artists: Andreas Savvides (for Kostakis Savvidis), Nikolaos Kotziamanis (for Filippos Kritiotis)

Location: Sotiros church yard, Statos-Agios Fotios village. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 177 cm (+ 34 cm the basis) x 83 cm x 33 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion (Kostakis Savvidis), 1974 Coup (Filippos Kritiotis)

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

From available documents it appears evident that Kritiotis’ bust was commissioned in 1986. Savvidis bust unveiling took place in 1995-96.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/12, document May 12, 1994.

Keywords:

Periklis Perikleous (Περικλής Περικλέους) bust

Προτομή Περικλή Περικλέους (3)n Προτομή Περικλή Περικλέους (13)n

Προτομή Περικλή Περικλέους (8)n

Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou

Location: Agia Varvara church yard. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 130 cm x 41~ 44 cm x 28 ~ 34 cm

Category: 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Selected sources: 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/4, document December 2, 2002.

Keywords:

Μemorial to the Kouklia dead

Μνημείο πεσόντων Κουκλιών (1)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Κουκλιών (2)n

Artist:Unknown 

Location: Adjacent to Kouklia Police station. Pafos district.

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Kouklia Community and the unveiling took place during the 1980s. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Μνημείο Ηρώων - Έμπα (2)n Μνημείο Ηρώων - Έμπα (11)n Προτομή Γεώργιου Χριστοφόρουn Προτομή Γεώργιου Χριστοφόρου (3)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Apostle Andreas church yard, Empa village. Pafos district.

Material:  (of the bust) Copper 

Dimensions : (of the bust)144 cm x 39 cm x 34 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion, War Volunteers (Second World War).

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Empa Community and the unveiling took place on May 25th 2008. The bust was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), and an ad hoc private committee for the Christoforou memorial and the unveiling took place on November 11th 2008.

Selected sources:
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meeting Minutes April 10, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document November 14, 2008; Meeting Minutes October 9, 2008.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Drymou dead

Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (1)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (4)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (5)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (10)n

Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (3)n Προτομές πεσόντων Δρυμιωτών κατά το 1974 (6)n

Artist: Alexandros Santis 

Location: Situated at the entrance of Drymou village. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 134 cm x 47 cm x 35 cm

Category: Turkish Invasion, 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by Kykkos monastery and the Drymou Community. It is dedicated to Stelios Savvidis (Στέλιος Σαββίδης), Menelaos S. Menelaou (Μενέλαος Σ.  Μενελάου), Ioannis S. Aristodimou (Ιωάννης Σ. Αριστοδήμου) and Andreas K. Alkiviadis (Ανδρέας Κ. Αλκιβιάδη). The unveiling took place in 2000. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Amargeti dead and missing

Αφιέρωμα στον Αρέστη Παναγιώτου (αγνοούμενος)n Αφιέρωμα στον Γιαννάκη Γεωργίου (αγνοούμενος)n

Προτομή Αθανάση Γεωργίου (1)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοούμενων (γενική όψη) (2)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Zoodochou Piyi church yard. Pafos district.

Material: Stone and brass

Category1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Athanasios Georgiou (Αθανάσιος Γεωργίου) who died in July 1974 during the coup against Makarios III, and to the missing Yiannakis Georgiou (Γιαννάκη Γεωργίου) and Arestis Panayiotou (Αρέστη Παναγιώτου). Usually it is only the dead who are commemorated with a bust or a statue, while for the listed as missing it is only their name carved in stone, or a black and white photograph inserted on a pedestal or a commemorative wall. 

Personal notes are usual in these cases. Here, on Arestis Panayiotou’ pedestal is noted “We are waiting for you…”. 

A more eloquent note is carved on Yiannakis Georgiou’ plaque: “Years pass by, but your memory is always vivid. We keep you in our hearts waiting for your coming back. It will be a celebration day, that day. Our wish, Yiannakis, is that this plaque will be soon removed by your own hands”.

Athanasios Georgiou’s bust was commissioned by his family. The unveiling of the monument took place on July 2nd 2006.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (3)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (6)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Amargeti village square. Pafos district.

Material: Marble and brass 

CategoryEOKA 1955-59, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Sokratis Chatzievaghelou (Σωκράτης Χ’’Ευαγγέλου) who died during the 1955-59 struggles of EOKA; to Athanasios Christoforou (Αθανάσιος Χριστοφόρου) who died during the 1974 coup; and to Arestis Panayiotou (Αρέστης Παναγιώτου) and Yiannakis Georgiou (Γιαννάκης Γεωργίου) who are listed as missing. The unveiling of the monument seems to have taken place in 1994. It is noted that in family names the X’’ is an abbreviation of Chatzi-.

Selected sources: 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/14, document May 21, 2009. 

Keywords:

Stelios L. Siepis (Στέλιος Λ. Σιέπης) bust

Στέλιος Σιέπης (4)n Στέλιος Σιέπης (11)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Park near Agia Marina church, Kato Pafos. Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 154 cm x 50 cm 

Category: 1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1987.

Keywords:

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (1)n Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (4)n Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (17)n

Artist: Apostolos Fanakidis

Place: Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, entrance of Pafos city. Pafos district.

Material: Stone

Dimensions: 5 x 5 meters (the head of Makarios)

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Inter-communal conflicts 1967, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photograph: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned in 1992 by a private committee for the Makarios III-Resistance Memorial. Around Makarios’ over-sized head a series of plaques bear the names of all the dead fighters from Pafos since 1955. The unveiling took place on June 16th 1996. 

Selected sources
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 8, 1991, p. 10.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 20, 1994, p. 31.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 17, 1996, p. 3. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Πάφου (Pafos Municipality Archive), 12.96, documents December 11, 1992; June 8, 1993; June 2, 1994; November 30, 1995; November 6, 1996; November 29, 2006; February 1999; Meeting Minutes December 10, 1992.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Resistance

Μνημείο Αντίστασης (1)n Μνημείο Αντίστασης (3)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Kanigos St, Pafos. Pafos district. 

Material: Metal

Category1974 Coup

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Andreas Makariou (Ανδρέα Μακαρίου) and Dimitris Zinieri (Δημήτρη Ζηνιέρη). It was commissioned by the Pafos Fighters’ Union and the Pan Cypriot National-Popular Liberation Front (PEAM/ΠΕΑΜ). The unveiling took place on July 15th 2010. 

Selected sources
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Πάφου (Pafos Municipality Archive) 8.1991, document July 19, 2010.

Keywords: