Tag Archives: EOKA 1955-59

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

????????????? ???????? ????????? ????? (2)n ????????????? ???????? ????????? ????? (5)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Pafos Archdiocese, Pafos Municipality. Pafos district. 

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 122 cm x 71 cm x 41 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1982-1983 during the prettification of the Archdiocese yard.

Keywords:

Michail Savva (Μιχαήλ Σάββα) statue

P1100975n P1100976n

Artist: George Kyriacou

Location: Panayia Chrysseleousa church, Akaki village. Nicosia district

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 2 meters

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned by the Akaki union “Hellenicness” and the unveiling took place on November 5th 1972.

Keywords:

Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής) bust

Προτομή Μιχαλάκη Καραολή (6)n Προτομή Μιχαλάκη Καραολήn

Artist: George Kyriacou

Location: The English School, Strovolos. Nicosia district 

Dimensions: 2 meters x 38 cm x 38 cm

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in 1993 by the English School. The bust was delivered in 1995 and the unveiling took place on May 10th 1996.

Michalakis Karaolis and Andreas Dimitriou were the first EOKA fighters who died by hanging in May 1956 at Nicosia central prison.

Keywords:

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) statue

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Κυριάκος Μάτσης (8)n Κυριάκος Μάτσης (9)n

Artist: Evangelos Moustakas  

Location: Kyriakou Matsi Avenue, Presidential Palace roundabout, Strovolos.     Nicosia district 

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 2.30 meters (the statue)

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 2002 by the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (SIMAE). The unveiling took place on June 27th 2002.  

The pyramid behind Kyriakos Matsis symbolizes the tomb. It is torn in two parts because of the explosion of the grenade. Matsis seems to be coming out through the split pyramid, his tomb. Thus, the explosion of the grenade which caused his death, offers him immortality. 

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), March 20, 1999, p. 24.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, documents January 26, 1998; February 17, 1998.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/18, document March 24, 1999.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, documents March 26, 2007; January 11, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.10, document May 12, 2009; Meetings minutes April 26, 2002; May 7, 2009; April 9, 2009; June 11, 2009.  

Keywords:

Andreas Pantelidis (Ανδρέας Παντελίδης) bust

Προτομή Ανδρέα Παντελίδη (2)n Προτομή Ανδρέα Παντελίδη (3)n

Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou 

Location: Agia Zoni church, Limassol. Limassol district 

Dimensions: 125 cm (+ 36 cm the steps) x 51 cm x 51 cm

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Limassol (city and district) EOKA fighters’ association (ΣΑΠΕΛ/SAPEL). It was placed in 1996.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/14, Meeting Minutes January 23, 1996. 

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' (3)n

Artist: Apostolos Fanakidis 

Location: Forecourt of the Archbishopric Palace, Nicosia. Nicosia district 

Material: Marble

Category: Cypriot Church, EOKA 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned in 2008 by the Archbishopric of Cyprus. The unveiling took place on May 29th 2011.

Keywords:

Stelios Mavrommatis (Στέλιος Μαυρομμάτης) bust

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Προτομή Στέλιου Μαυρομμάτη (9)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: “Stelios Mavromatis” union premises, Agios Pavlos, Nicosia, Nicosia district. 

Dimensions: 190 (+29 cm the step) x 92 cm x 46 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in the 1960s by the “Stelios Mavromatis” union. No further information is available.

On the pedestal is written: “If freedom reached Cyprus with her wings broken, it is not your fault. Yours were the gallows and the manliness” (Κι αν με σπασμένες φτερούγες ήρθε στην Κύπρο η λευτεριά, δικό σου δεν είναι το φταίξιμο. Δική σου είναι η αγχόνη κι η λεβεντιά δική σου).

On the wall behind him in golden letters the familiar statement appears again “Freedom demands virtue and courage” (Θέλει αρετήν και τόλμην η ελευθερία).

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Προτομή Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' (1)n Προτομή Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' (7)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Saint Savvas church yard, old city of Nicosia. Nicosia district.

Dimensions: 165 cm (+17 cm the pedestal) x 59 cm x 59 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, EOKA 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by the church committee of Saint Savvas. On the basis, in front of the bust is written: “We do not forget our enslaved villages and towns. We do not forget our enslaved land on which our altars and homes are built and in them our parents and ancestors are buried” (Δεν ξεχνούμε τα σκλαβωμένα χωριά και τις πόλεις μας. Δεν ξεχνούμε τους σκλαβωμένους τόπους που πάνω τους είναι κτισμένοι οι βωμοί και οι εστίες μας και μέσα τους είναι θαμμένοι οι γονιοί και οι πρόγονοί μας). 

Keywords:

Memorial to Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής)

Μνημείο Μιχαλάκη Καραολή (1)n Μνημείο Μιχαλάκη Καραολή (5)n Μνημείο Μιχαλάκη Καραολή (6)n Μνημείο Μιχαλάκη Καραολή (8)n

Artist: Thanasis Minopoulos 

Location: Dimostheni Severi Avenue, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 4.5 meters in total height (2.30 meters the statues + 2.20 the wall)

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken early in 1967 by the Pan Cypriot Guild of Civil Servants (ΠΑΣΥΔΥ/PASYDY) which called an artistic competition in 1967 and coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place on October 28th 1967.

The memorial consists of a commemorative marble wall divided in three parts. The central part is protruding and, on the top it bears the sculpted complex of three young men, almost teenagers by their looks. The standing young fighter is holding his gun and his motion conveys the intensity of the action. The other two are arranged in a way which is reminiscent of Michelangelo’s Pieta with the difference being that the female figure of mother or motherland, common in war memorials, is substituted by a co-fighter or fellow civilian. The almost nude dead emphasize the vulnerability of the wounded body and the ephemeral life. At the same time, the triangular arrangement of the figures underlines furthers the antithesis between the living and the dead, and culminates the tension which accumulates to the standing youngster. The impression of the realistic snapshot is invoked by the random expressions on their faces, the variety of the gestures and their emotional postures.  

Below the sculpted synthesis, a brass bas relief with Karaolis’ portrait in a medal is inserted on the wall. Next to it, an inscription notes: “Martyr in the name of Freedom and Greece / memory attributed immortality to you by placing you on this pedestal / You show to our children the way of honor” (Της λευτεριάς και της Ελλάδας πρωτομάρτυρα / η μνήμη αθάνατο σ ανάστησε στο βάθρο τούτο / το δρόμο της τιμής να δείχνης στα παιδιά μας). 

The central part of the memorial is flanked by two wider marble surfaces on which two bas reliefs illustrate, respectively, the sufferings of the enslaved Cypriots and the struggle of the fighters for freedom. 

Selected sources:
~ Μάχη (Mahi), April 18, 1962, p. 6.
~ Πατρίς (Patris), September 9, 1967, p. 3.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), January 7, 1965, p. 5. 
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), February 24, 1965, p. 1, 5. 

Keywords:

Markos Drakos (Μάρκος Δράκος) statue

Μάρκος Δράκος (2)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Markos Drakos square, opposite the Paphos Gate, Nicosia. Nicosia district

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 2.10 meters (the statue)

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Workers’ movement

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1962 by the Cypriot Workers Confederation (SEK) who coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place on October 28th 1962. The 28th of October is a National holiday for Greece, known also as the “Ohi” (Όχι, No) day, and commemorates the start of the World War II for Greece, when it rejected the Benito Mussolini’ ultimatum demanding access to Greek territory.

Markos Drakos was an active member of the Workers Confederation and a fervent EOKA fighter. On the marble pedestal is written the familiar dictum: “freedom requires morals and boldness” (Θέλει αρετήν και τόλμην η ελευθερία). A year later, in December 1963 a bomb was thrown by unknown citizens and caused extensive damage to the monument. Possibly during the restoration works the statue was placed on its pedestal in a changed orientation, overlooking the southeast part of the city.

Selected sources:
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), October 29, 1962, p. 1, 6.
~ Θάρρος (Tharos), October 29, 1962, p. 6.
~ Μάχη (Mahi), October 28, 1962, p. 1, 8.
~ Μάχη (Mahi), December 6, 1963, p. 6.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), July 28, 1971, p. 2.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), December 5, 1963, p. 1, 6.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), September 6, 1961, p. 6.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document April 16, 2009; Meeting Minutes May 7, 2009.
~ Matthopoulou, Evangelia. 2012. «Μνημεία, Προτομές και Ανδριάντες στο Δήμο Λευκωσίας» (“Monuments, busts and statues in Nicosia Municipality”), Φιλολογική Κύπρος 2009-2011 (Philoloyiki Kypros 2009-2011), Nicosia: Hellenic Intellectual Association of Cyprus.

Κeywords:

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’)

P1100116n P1100117n

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: First Limassol Technical School, Limassol. Limassol district

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

An initiative to commemorate Archbishop Makarios III was taken by the Technical School Professors’ Association in 1977, the year of his death. A stele with his portrait in bas relief was placed in 1978 inside the school yard.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 30, 1977, p. 1.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), march 2, 1995, p. 3. 
~ Savvidis Christakis, Περιδιαβάζοντας τη Λεμεσό (Strolling around Limassol). Limassol Municipality: 1991.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing & Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Λακατάμιας και προτομή Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (3)n Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων Λακατάμιας και προτομή Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (4)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, Lakatamia. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by Pano Lakatamia “Grigoris Afxentiou” Democratic union and an ad hoc committee for the memorial who coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place on February 16th 1992.

Grigoris Afxentiou’ bust is situated on a tall pedestal and is flanked by a semi-circular marble wall with the names and the black and white photographs of the dead and missing in a time-span of 20 years, from 1954 till 1974 included.

On the pedestal, under his name is noted his nickname as “The Golden Eagle of Machairas” (Ο Σταυραετός του Μαχαιρά).

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/8, Meeting Minutes July 18, 1991.

Keywords:

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) statue

Ανδριάντας Κυριάκου Μάτση (1)n Ανδριάντας Κυριάκου Μάτση (6)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, Lakatamia. Nicosia district

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 2008 by Lakatamia National Union “Kyriakos Matsis”. The unveiling took place on October 4th 2009.

On the wall behind the statue, on the (viewer’s) left hand side, are written his words: “I fight for this land, so those who water it with their sweat can live free, able to claim its ownership and management” (Αγωνίζομαι τη γη αυτή να τη ζουν αυτοί που τη ποτίζουν με τον ιδρώτα τους και να περπατούν πάνω της ελεύθεροι, διαφεντευτές της, κυρίαρχοί της). On the right hand side is noted his answer to Field Marshal Harding: “We do not fight for the money, we fight for the values” (Ου περί χρημάτων τον αγώνα ποιούμεθα αλλά περί αρετής).

Selected sources:
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meeting Minutes January 31, 2008.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Προτομή Μακαρίου (2)n Προτομή Μακαρίου (5)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, in front of Saint Prodromos church, Mesa Geitonia. Limassol district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 185 cm x 57 cm x 60 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the Mesa Geitonia national-popular association which coordinated the fundraising. It was placed in 1979.

Selected sources:

~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 21, p. 12.

Keywords:

Aggeliki Sotiriou “Philimon” (Αγγελική Σωτηρίου «Φιλήμων») bust

Αγγελική Σωτηρίου (1)n Αγγελική Σωτηρίου (3)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Cross church, Pano Kivides. Limassol district

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 2.63 meters (in total)

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Cypriot Women

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Aggeliki Sotiriou was a member of EOKA 1955-59 and was known by the nickname “Filimon”. Her memorial is located in close proximity to where she was killed.

The initiative for the commemoration was taken by the women’s organization of the Democratic Party (ΓΟΔΗΚ/GODIK), which also coordinated the fundraising. The unveiling took place on Arpil 1st 1990

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), March 16, 1989, p. 3.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), February 2, 1990, p. 5. 
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/7, document January 29, 1990. 
Keywords

The 1955-59 Heroes’ grove

Ηρώον Απελευθερωτικού Αγώνα ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (5)n Ηρώον Απελευθερωτικού Αγώνα ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (6)n Ηρώον Απελευθερωτικού Αγώνα ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (13)n Ηρώον Απελευθερωτικού Αγώνα ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (16)n Ηρώον Απελευθερωτικού Αγώνα ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (21)n

Location: Pelendri – Kato Amiantos main road, Pelendri. Limassol district

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The “Forest of the 1955-59 Heroes” is an extensive and complex memorial place made up of separate but interconnected parts: the Propylaea; the stele for the victims; the Fighters’ Hall; the hero-martyrs stairs; the Panayia Eleftheriotissa chapel; the EOKA oath text; the Honor Monument or Liberty Monument; the memory flame; and the heroes’ grove. 

The Pelendri memorial place is dedicated to the hundred and eight EOKA 1955-59 fighters who died during the struggle. Around Pelendri area a considerable number of conflicts took place and many hideouts of EOKA fighters were located.

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the EOKA 1955-59 fighters’ association of Limassol city and district (ΣΑΠΕΛ/SAPEL). Subsequently the coordination of the construction, which lasted from 1994 to 2001, and its funding was undertaken by the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (ΣΙΜΑΕ/SIMAE). The first inauguration took place on September 28th 1997, while some parts of the construction were still pending completion. A second event followed on November 11, 2001 specifically for the exhibition place in the Fighters’ Hall. 

On the walls of the Propylaea two inserted copper plaques bear the portraits of Archbishop Makarios III and Georgios Grivas (known as Digenis) made by Leonidas Spanos.

Close by, in the Fighters Hall, is situated Evangelos Moustakas’ work titled “Liberty breaks its chains”. It is a modern, abstract synthesis in brass, based in insinuation than in narration. However, the dynamic formation of the trapped in the rods liberty, or victory, clearly pictures the struggle required. 

In the basement of the hall a series of paintings titled “Hymn to Liberty”, made by Andreas Makariou, narrate in a stylized way eloquent scenes of martyrdom, fighting, death, hope and heroic deeds. Andreas Makariou is also the artist of the paintings at the “Agios Georgios Boat Museum” in Chlorakas, where the second extensive and complex memorial dedicated to EOKA 1955-59 is located. 

The path, the “hero-martyrs stairs”, which leads to the Honor’s Monument or Liberty Monument is 650 meters long and is made up of 108 steps, each one symbolically dedicated to one of the dead fighters. Their names are engraved on marble plaques and inserted in the steps.

The Honor’s Monument or Liberty Monument is situated on a plateau overlooking the valley and the surrounding mountains. It consists of three parts: a low horizontal cement wall, a vertical pillar and the altar with the sacred fire, the eternal flame.

On the cement wall Evangelos Moustakas has carved a bas relief on a white marble plaque which symbolically and in a stylized manner narrates the martyrdom of the fighters. The waving flag, the replicated pieta pattern, the angel of victory who hastens the dead, and the sun implying hope, life and symbolizing resurrection make part of the narration. The end result bears strong aesthetic similarities to the reliefs on the commemorative wall in Chlorakas’ commemoration place made by the same artist. Under the bas relief, on the sloped surface of the marble is engraved the EOKA oath extending and accentuating the preceding visual narration. 

The inauguration of the memorial place took an extensive celebrative and symbolic form: a number of EOKA memorials all over Cyprus were symbolically selected by SIMAE to join with religious rituals for the Pelendri main events. In addition, on the eve of the inauguration a ceremonial ritual torch flame was lit at each selected memorial site and they were carried to Pelendri to light its altar. The flame was kept lit over night and during the inauguration ceremonies the following day.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), September 22, 1997, p. 8. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), September 24, 1997, p. 4. 
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/12, Meeting Minutes September 27, 1994. 
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.94.7, vol. 7, Meeting Minutes September 14, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, document June 6, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, Meeting Minutes May 7, 2009. 

Keywords:

Sotiris Tsaggaris (Σωτήρης Τσαγγάρης) statue

Σωτήρης Τσαγγάρης (2)n Σωτήρης Τσαγγάρης (5)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Pelendri. Limassol district

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 190 cm

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the “Sotiris Taggaris” union, and the ad hoc committee for the “Pelendri heroes’ statues”. The statue was completed in 1984 and the unveiling took place on November 16th 1997.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), February 28, 1979, p. 7.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/3, document September 30, 1980.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/8, document 17, 1991.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, Meeting Minutes September 25, 1995.

Keywords:

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) bust

Προτομή Στυλιανού Λένα (10)n Προτομή Στυλιανού Λέναn

Artist: Chrysostomos Perdios 

Location: Archaggelos Michail church yard, Chandria. Limassol district 

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 172 cm x 39 cm x 39 cm

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by Christodoulos Hadjipavlou and the unveiling took place on March 25th 1984.

Keywords:

Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) statue

Στυλιανός Λένας (1)n Στυλιανός Λένας (3)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Chandria. Limassol district

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the “Michail Archaggelos” Orthodox association of Chandria. The unveiling took place on March 26th 1989.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), March 28, 1984, p. 3.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968, Meting Minutes May 31, 1968.

Keywords:

Memorial to Dimos Irodotou (Δήμος Ηροδότου) and Efstathios Xenofontos (Ευστάθιος Ξενοφώντος)

Μνημείο Ηρώων ΕΟΚΑ (1)n Μνημείο Ηρώων ΕΟΚΑ (6)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Foini. Limassol district

Material: Copper

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Foini emigrants’ association. No further information is available.

Keywords:

Memorial to Stylianos Lenas (Στυλιανός Λένας) and to Dimitrakis Christodoulou (Δημητράκης Χριστοδούλου)

Μνημείο Αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ Στυλιανού Λένα και Δημτράκη Χριστοδούλου (3)n Μνημείο Αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ Στυλιανού Λένα και Δημτράκη Χριστοδούλου (6)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Panayia church yard, Potamitissa. Limassol district 

Material: Marble

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1961 by the Potamitissa Orthodox Institution (ΘΟΙ/ΤΗΟΙ), and the Potamitissa Orthodox Christian Youth Union. Due to erosion over time, in 1998 a new construction, an exact copy of the original, replaced the old. The initiative for this restoration work was taken by the Potamitissa emigrants’ association and the Potamitissa community. The unveiling took place on May 28th 2000.

The memorial replicates all the familiar and symbolic visual patterns of Greek antiquity and 19th century neoclassicism in Greece. The fluted pillars standing on elaborated, tall bases are crowned with capitals decorated with astragals and darts, topped with palmette motifs. The white marble used in all the parts of the memorial accentuates further the links to the Greek architecture tradition. The familiar black and white photographs of the two fighters are framed with laurel wreaths and Greek flags. The two angels or victories above them, each holding a laurel wreath underline their sacrificial death and imply their lofty deeds. Between them, the bas relief with the wailing female figure, mother, wife or motherland, is reminiscent of the pain and the unhealed trauma. At the same time it replicates a familiar pattern used in 19th century Greece to symbolize death and grief. Last but not least, the demarcation of the commemorative place with fencing links it directly to the elaborated and prominent tombs of Athens’ 1st cemetery. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Pachna Heroes

Evmenios Markantonisn Iordanis Iordanous Vakisn                Evmenios Markantonis                                Iordanis Iordanous Vakis

Nikos Sofokleousn Panikos Symeoun

Nikos Sofokleous                                              Panikos Symeou

Μνημείο Ηρώων Πάχνας (7)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Pachna community square. Limassol district

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Turkish Invasion, Inter-communal conflicts 1967

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The archaic stele with the pediment crowning constitutes the central part of the memorial dedicated to all the Pachna dead fighters. On an inserted plaque Konstantinos Kavafis’ verses are noted: “Honor those who in the life they lead define and guard a Thermopylae” (Τιμή σ’ εκείνους όπου στην ζωή των ώρισαν και φυλάγουν Θερμοπύλες).

Its unveiling took place in July 1990. Since then four busts were added commemorating four Pachna individual fighters.

The busts of Evmenios Markantonis (Ευμένιος Μαρκαντώνης), who died during the inter-communal conflicts of 1967, and of Panikos Symeou (Πανίκος Συμεού), who died during the EOKA struggle, were unveiled at the same time with the stele.

The bust of Nikos Sofokleous (Νίκος Σοφοκλέους), who died during the EOKA struggle, was made by Philippos Yapanis and was unveiled on October 15, 2006.

The bust of Iordanis Iordanous Vakis (Ιορδάνης Ιορδάνους Βάκης), who died during the Turkish invasion, was also made by Philippos Yiapanis and was unveiled on October 11th 2009.

Keywords:

Memorial to Kyriakos Nikolaou (Κυριάκος Νικολάου) and Christodoulos Kannaouros (Χριστόδουλος Καννάουρος)

Χριστόδουλος Καννάουρος και Κυριάκος Νικολάου (2)n Χριστόδουλος Καννάουρος και Κυριάκος Νικολάου (5)n

Artist: Arestis Stasi

Location: Kyperounta. Limassol district

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by an ad hoc private committee at Kyperounta village, which also coordinated the fundraising. The two figures were sculpted in 1970.

Selected sources:
~ Πατρίς (Patris), May 27, 1967, p. 6.
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), July 15, 1971, p.2. 

Keywords:

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) bust

Παναγιώτης Τουμάζου (1)n Παναγιώτης Τουμάζου (3)n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis & Phylactis Ierides

Location: “Panayiotis Toumazos” union premises, Episkopi. Limassol district 

Dimensions: 135 cm x 104 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken by the “Panayiotis Toumazos” union. It was placed in 1997.

Keywords:

Yiannakis Christoforou (Γιαννάκης Χριστοφόρου) bust

 Γιαννάκης Χριστοφόρου (1)n Γιαννάκης Χριστοφόρου (7)n

Artist: Fedonas Potamitis

Location: Agios Konstantinos. Limassol district

Material: Bronze

Dimensions: 153 cm x 82 cm x 77 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 Struggle (ΣΙΜΑΕ/SIMAE), and the Pan Cypriot Committee for the memorial to Yiannakis Christoforou. The unveiling took place on March 14th 2010 to coincide with the commemoration date of his death.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, Meeting Minutes September 21, 1995.

Keywords:

Nitsa Chatzigeorgiou (Νίτσα Χατζηγεωργίου) bust

Προτομή Νίτσας Χατζηγεωργίου (5)n

Προτομή Νίτσας Χατζηγεωργίου (2)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Agios Dometios Youth union premises, Kyriakou Matsi Avenue, Agios Dometios. Nicosia district.

Material: Copper

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Cypriot Women

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Nitsa Chatzigeorgiou was a member of Agios Dometios’ parish and a fervent supporter of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle. She was disseminating its’ ideology, recruiting young people, and active throughout the EOKA 1955-59 struggle. The initiative for the bust was taken in 2004 and the unveiling took place on March 13th 2005.

Selected sources: 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/7, document May 13, 2004.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/8, document September 15, 2004.

Keywords:

Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) bust

Προτομή Κυριάκου Μάτση (3)n Προτομή Κυριάκου Μάτση (6)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Sources, Acheon Avenue, Agios Dometios. Nicosia district

Dimensions: 172 cm (+ 20 cm the steps) x 36 cm x 26 cm

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in 1994 by the Ministry’s Agricultural Department association of the employees. The unveiling took place on November 19th 1995.

Keywords:

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) bust

Προτομή Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη (3) n Προτομή Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη (10) n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: “Michalakis Paridis” union premises, 1st April Avenue, Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Material: Brass 

Dimensions: 2 meters

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The construction of the bust was an initiative of “Michalakis Paridis” union. The unveiling took place on May 3rd 1997. 

Keywords:

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) bust

Προτομή Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (1) n Προτομή Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (3) n

Artist: Fedonas Potamitis 

Location: Grigoris Afxentiou Avenue, in front of Larnaka old hospital. Larnaka district. 

Material: Brass 

Dimensions: 3.34 meters 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1988 by Larnaka Municipality and Larnaka “Rotary” Club. The unveiling took place on June 29th 1988. 

Selected sources:
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 28, 1988, p. 16.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Lysi dead and missing

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (1) n

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (3) n

Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (5) n Μνημείο Πεσόντων Λυσιωτών (6) n

Artists: Nikolaos Kotziamanis and Kyriakos Kontovourkis

Location: General Timayia Avenue, Larnaka. Larnaka district.

Material: Brass and marble

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1958, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by Lysi community. Although Lysi village is situated in the occupied part of Cyprus, its’ authorities are regularly elected by their ex-inhabitants in the free part of the island. The same policy is applied to all the occupied municipalities and communities.

The memorial was initially dedicated to eight EOKA 1955-59 dead and the initial unveiling took place in September 6th 1996. In 2000 the memorial was reformed and it was extended physically: The initial construction consisted of the (current) central part with the marble platform and the standing female militant figure on top. In 2000 nine stele in total were added on the left and right hand site with the names of dead and missing Lysi fighters during the inter-communal conflicts of 1958 and the Turkish invasion. The second unveiling of the current memorial took place on September 8th 2011 and is now dedicated to thirty four dead and missing fighters.

Selected sources:
~Αγών (Agon), September 8, 1996.
~Αλήθεια (Alithia), December 7, 1989.
~Σημερινή (Simerini), January 1, 1992.
~Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/11, no  694/93.

Keywords:

Petrakis Kyprianou (Πετράκης Κυπριανού) statue

Ανδριάντας Πετράκη Κυπριανού (2) n  Ανδριάντας Πετράκη Κυπριανού (5) n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: King Pavlos square, Petraki Yiallourou St., Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 4.50 meters 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned by the Diocese of Kition and the “EPA” (ΕΠΑ) sports union. The unveiling took place on November 20th 1988. 

Selected sources:
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meeting Minutes March 13, 2008.
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document June 12, 2009; Meetings Minutes November 6, 2008; January 15, 2009; February 12, 2009; May 7, 2009; June 11, 2009; December 13, 2009.
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.11, document June 12, 2009. 

Keywords:

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) statue

Ανδριάντας Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη (2)n  Ανδριάντας Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη (3)n

Ανδριάντας Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη (4)n  Ανδριάντας Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη (5)n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: Michalakis Paridis square at Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 2.30 meters high

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

On the rear of the pyramidal pedestal is written part of a Paridis’ poem: “When you conclude your fights it is desirable to find back home the immaculate hug of the faithful Penelope. But if you die on the field, that is the sublime moral way to offer your life” (Ποθητό ‘ναι να βρης στων αγώνων το τέρμα μιας πιστής Πηνελόπης αγκαλιές αμόλυντες. Μ’αν αφήσης στην μάχη την πνοή σου την ύστατη, πιο χρηστά δεν μπορούσες την ζωή να προσφέρης). 

The initiative for the construction of the statue was taken in 1967 by the Larnaka hiking club and was funded by private sources. The unveiling took place on January 26th 1969. 

Selected sources:
~Μάχη (Mahi), June 17, 1966, p. 3.
~Αγών (Agon), June 27, 1966, p. 5.
~Απογευματινή (Apogevmatini), March 8, 1994.

Keywords:

Dimitrakis Dimitriadis (Δημητράκης Δημητριάδης) statue

Ανδριάντας Δημητράκη Δημητριάδη (1) n Ανδριάντας Δημητράκη Δημητριάδη (2) n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Larnaka “Kalogera” elementary school yard. Larnaka district. 

Material: Brass 

Dimensions: 150 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The eight years old child is depicted holding stones in memory of his action to throw stones against British soldiers and being shot as a consequence. 

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 2009 by the “Kalogera” elementary school parents’ union and by Kyriakos Teodotou, an EOKA 1955-59 fighter and SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) member.

Selected sources:
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, Meetings Minutes April 9, 2009; March 12, 2009; June 11, 2009.
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document June 12 2009. 
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.11, document June 12, 2009.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (1) n

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Grigoris Afxentiou Avenue, close to Evriviadio high school, Larnaka. Larnaka district. 

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the statue was taken by the Larnaka School Board. The unveiling of the statue took place on June 13th 1985. A second ceremony to inaugurate the memorial area, after the reconstruction, took place on January 19th 2011. 

Selected sources:
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 3, 1979, p. 10. 
~Σημερινή (Simerini), June 13, 1985, p. 7.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Athienou dead

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (1)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (5)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (6)n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: Panagia Chryseleousa church yard, Athienou village. Larnaka district. 

Material: Bronze 

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was constructed after an initiative by Major Panayiotis Koumenis between 1970 and 1984. No further information regarding dates is available. The names of the dead are carved on the marble pedestal. What differentiates this memorial from the vast majority of commemorative locations in Cyprus is the modern, abstract sculpted form on the top of the pedestal, where usually national symbols or allegoric features, such as the victory or liberty, are usually placed. Nevertheless the pedestal per se, and furthermore its height, implies respect and authority, underlines the ‘distance’ between the viewers and the object in vision, and obliges them to raise their heads in order to take a close look. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Aradippou dead during the national fights

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (2)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (5)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (8)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (11)n Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (14)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων κατά τους εθνικούς αγώνες (17)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Aradippou village center. Larnaka district.

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 171 cm x 60 cm x 45 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Five busts are the focal points of the memorial. The names of two more dead fighters are written on the commemorative wall. The busts belong to Pantelis Kontos (Παντελής Κοντός), Georgios Ttooulou (Γεώργιος Ττοούλου), Pavlos Mihailas (Παύλος Μιχαηλάς), Marios Siaris (Μάριος Σιαρής) and Tasos Papathanasiou (Τάσος Παπαθανασίου). The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1989 by the “Omonia Aradippou” union and aν ad hoc private committee for the memorial. The cost was covered by private and state funds. The unveiling took place on May 27th 1989. 

Selected sources:
~Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 25, 1985, p. 4.
~Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/4, Meeting Minutes May 23, 1985. 

Keywords:

Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης)

Προτομή Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη (4) n Προτομή Μιχαλάκη Παρίδη n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: Outside the Regional Museum of EOKA 1955-59 struggle, Vavla village. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 185 cm x 41~61 cm x 41~61 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The location of the bust is the exact spot where Michalakis Paridis died in 1958. The memorial was commissioned in 1997 by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle). The unveiling took place on October 14th 2001. 

Selected sources:
~Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, document May 8, 1999.
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, document June 6, 2008.
~Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document June 2009.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Vavla Benefactors

Ευεργέτης (1) n Ευεργέτης n

Artist: Chrysostomos Perdios

Location: Vavla village center. Larnaka district. 

Material: Marble

Category: Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Onisiforos Mihailoudis (Ονησίφορος Μιχαηλούδης), Anastasis Chatzigeorgis (Αναστάσης Χ’’ Γεωγής), and Georgios Alexandrou (Γεώργιος Αλεξάνδρου). All three of them were renowned benefactors of the village. The monument was commissioned by the local Community committee, probably in 1982. 

It is noted that X’’ is an abbreviation of Chatzi- in family names.

Keywords:

Andreas Sourouklis (Ανδρέας Σουρουκλής) bust

Προτομή Ανδρέα Σουρουκλή (2) n

Προτομή Ανδρέα Σουρουκλή (7) n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Agia Marina church yard, Troulli village. Larnka district

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 226 cm (+20 cm the step) x 51 cm x 51 cm 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by Zina Kanther in 1962 and the unveiling took place on July 29th of the same year.

Keywords:

Petrakis Kyprianou (Πετράκης Κυπριανού) statue

Ανδριάντας Πετράκη Κυπριανού (3) n

Ανδριάντας Πετράκη Κυπριανού (13) n

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: Ora village entrance. Larnaka district. 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was funded by the Prefect of Larnaka, the Minister of Interior Affairs Christodoulos Christodoulou, SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) and the deceased’s family and friends. The unveiling took place on March 17th 2002. The statue was previously situated on a nearby location which was considered as not appropriate after the renovation of the area. The initial unveiling had taken place on April 9th 1978.

Selected sources:
~ Κύπρος (Kypros), April 3, 1978, p. 1.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 10, 1959, p. 2.
~ Μάχη (Mahi), May 19, 1966, p. 3. ~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/17, document November 12, 1998. 
~
 Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, document October 25, 1999. 

Keywords:

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) statue

Ανδριάντας Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (2)n

Ανδριάντας Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (16)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Grigoris Afxentiou Avenue, Kalo Chorio. Larnaka district.

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned by the Lysi Municipality during the period in office of A. Ttofia. The Afxentiou’ family participated partially to the expenses. Lysi is situated in the occupied part of Cyprus. Nevertheless, all municipalities and communities in the occupied part operate regularly at the free part of the island, electing their local authorities. 

The statue is an exact copy of the one placed at Machairas area, on Troodos Mountain, made by the same sculptor. On the pedestal it is noted that its placement at Kalo Chorio is temporary, until it will be placed in the “liberated Lysi”. The eagle usually accompanies Afxentiou in his depictions because he was also known by his nickname “Golden Eagle of Machairas”.

It is not known at what point the nickname “Golden Eagle of Machairas” was attributed to Afxentiou. A version points to Grivas who supposedly called him “Golden Eagle of Pentadaktylos”. The golden eagle’s (Aquila pennata or Hieraaetus pennatus) natural environment is Pentadaktylos Mountain (in the occupied part of the island), where a certain area is also known as “aetofolia” (eagle’s nest). However, the inscription “Golden Eagle of Machairas” which decorates the pedestal of his bust at the Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing (Nicosia district), explicitly links the nickname with Afxentiou extensive activity at Machairas and not at Pentadaktylos.

The unveiling took place on January 16th 1994.

 Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), January 15, 1994, p. 9.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/11, document June 8, 1993.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) 17.94.7 vol. 7, September 22, 2005.

Keywords:

Memorial to Anafotia heroes

Προτομές Τ. Κωνσταντίνου και Μ. Παρίδη (1)n

Προτομές Τ. Κωνσταντίνου και Μ. Παρίδη (3)n Προτομές Τ. Κωνσταντίνου και Μ. Παρίδη (4)n

Artist: Chrisostomos Perdios 

Location: Anafotia village square. Larnaka district 

Dimensions: 165 cm x 42 cm x 43 cm

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Tasos Konstantinou (Τάσος Κωνσταντίνου) who died during the inter-communal conflicts of 1963-64, and to Michalakis Paridis (Μιχαλάκης Παρίδης) who died during EOKA 1955-59 struggles. It was commissioned by the Anafotia Community Committee and the unveiling seems to have taken place in 1982. 

Keywords:

Andreas Avramidis (Ανδρέας Αβραμίδης) bust

Προτομή Ανδρέα Αβρααμίδη (2)n

Προτομή Ανδρέα Αβρααμίδη (5)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Tempria village elementary school. Nicosia district. 

Dimensions: 158 cm x 44 cm x 37 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in 1978 by a private ad hoc committee of EOKA members. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Ηρώον ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (3)n

              Ηρώον ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (10)n     Ηρώον ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (11)n                                     Panayiotis Yiorgallidis                         Alekos Konstantinou

            Ηρώον ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (12)n      Ηρώον ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (9)n                                         Kostas Anaxagorou                             Andreas Patsalidis

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Spilia-Kourdali village center. Nicosia district.

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 2.10 meters each statue

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Andreas Patsalidis (Ανδρέας Πατσαλίδης), Kostas Anaxagorou (Κώστας Αναξαγόρα), Panayiotis Yiorgallidis (Παναγιώτης Γιωργαλλίδης) and Alekos Konstantinou (Αλέκος Κωνσταντίνου) who died at Spilia fight. The initiative for the memorial was taken by an ad hoc private committee. The funding was undertaken by Spilia Community Committee, the Spilia expatriates, private individuals, “Aris” local athletic union and the State. The unveiling took place on September 29th 1991.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), March 31, 1988, p. 3.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/7, document April 10, 1990.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, document June 6, 2008.

Keywords

Christos Tsiartas (Χρίστος Τσιάρτας) and Andreas Panayiotou (Ανδρέας Παναγιώτου) statues

X - Copyn Xn

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: Polystypos village entrance. Nicosia district

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the Polystypos expatriates association. The unveiling took place on September 21st 1997. 

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios ΙΙΙ (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' Πεδουλάς (3)n Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' Πεδουλάς (4)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Pedoulas village center. Nicosia district. 

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 3 meters 

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1981 by an ad hoc private committee. The sculptor, Nikolaos Kotziamanis offered his work in gratis. The unveiling took place on August 23rd 1981. 

Selected sources:
~ Κύπρος (Kypros), August 24, 1981, p. 1.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/3, document May 10, 1979.

Keywords

Michail Koutsoftas (Μιχαήλ Κουτσόφτας) and Andreas Panagidis (Ανδρέας Παναγίδης) busts

Andreas Panayidisn Michail Koutsoftasn Προτομές Μιχαήλ Κουτσόφτα και Ανδρέα Παναγίδη (1)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: “Michail Koutsoftas and Andreas Panagidis” Paleometocho lyceum.

Nicosia district

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 138 cm x 39 cm x 28 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the busts was taken in 2003 by a private ad hoc committee “for the preservation of Koutsofta and Panayidis memory”. The unveiling took place on May 18th 2005. 

Keywords:

Michail Koutsoftas (Μιχαήλ Κουτσόφτας) and Andreas Panagidis (Ανδρέας Παναγίδης) busts

Andreas Panagidisn Michail Koutsoftasn Προτομές Ανδρέα Παναγίδη και Μιχαήλ Κουτσόφτα, αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ (15)n

Artist:Unknown

Location: Paleometocho village, adjacent to Panayia Chrisogalaktousa church. Nicosia district

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 127 cm x 48 cm x 36 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The first initiative for the memorial was taken in 1961 by Paleometocho community. The work was commissioned to a sculptor from Greece, but no further information is available. The unveiling took place on June 7th 1970. In January 1996 the whole memorial was rearranged.

On the surrounding wall are carved sayings of the two fighters: “For freedom we all raised our chest, mother” («Για την ελευθερία όλοι ανοίξαμε τα στήθη, μητέρα») and “We expect our execution as if it would be the sacred moment of freedom” («Περιμένουμε την ημέρα της εκτελέσεως σαν άγια ώρα της ελευθερίας!»).

Selected sources: 
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), August 12, 1961, p. 4.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Cypriot mother and the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Μνημείο Κυπρίας Μάνας Παλαιχώρι (8)n Μνημείο Κυπρίας Μάνας Παλαιχώρι (24)n

Μνημείο Κυπρίας Μάνας Παλαιχώρι (7)n

Artist: Theodoros Vasiliou 

Location: Palaichori Orinis entrance. Nicosia district.

Dimensions: 159 cm x 111 cm x 159 cm the pedestal

2 meters the statue

Category: Cypriot Women, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The oversized seated mother is the most impressive visual element of this memorial. The massive size and the layout are reminiscent of the colossal Egyptian seated statues. Her heavy body is covered with a long, plain dress and her head is wrapped in a headscarf, typical everyday attire of the peasants who were taking care of the family and assisting with working the fields. Her strictly frontal position, the clear and simple lines and volumes of the stone and the absolute lack of any motion and emotion make her seem disconnected from the dead fighters next to her. Under her feet the two lines from Aggelos Sikelianos poem “Alafroiskiotos”: “Mother you breast fed me with fire turning my heart into a shining star”, underline her role and duty in the Cypriot society.

Michalakis Karaolis (Μιχαλάκης Καραολής), Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) and Nikos Georgiou’ (Νίκος Γεωργίου) bas reliefs are presented on the nearby commemorative wall.

The initiative for the memorial was taken in 1961 by Polykarpos Yiorkatzis, the Paleochori athletic and cultural union (APOP). Zina Kanther funded the memorial. The unveiling took place on November 19th 1961. In 1982 Andros Kazamias undertook the preservation of the statue. 

Selected sources:
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), November 22, 1961, p. 2.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), September 5, 1983, p. 3. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 7, 1969, p. 3. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 13, 1993, p. 7.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), November 21, 1961, p. 4. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and to Nikitari Mother

Μνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (3)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (11)nΜνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (9)nΜνημείο πεσόντων Νικηταρίου- Μνημείο Μάνας (14)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Material: Bronze (the busts and the medals)

Location: Nikitari village. Nicosia village

Dimensions: 136 cm x 40 cm x 305 cm (Spyrou bust). 115 cm (+81 cm the pedestal) 

55 cm x 44~74 cm (the bust of the mother)

Category: War Volunteers, Turkish Invasion, National Guard, EOKA 1955-59, Cypriot Women

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was initially intended to commemorate only Kostas Spyrou who was killed during the Turkish invasion in 1974. It was subsequently designed to pay respects to all those Nikitari fighters who have died since 1940, including the volunteers during the Second World War. Nevertheless, Spyrou is the only one to be commemorated with a bust.

The Mother’s bust was added in 2006. Under her feet is written: “Mother, lady of Nikitari, lady of freedom, you crown your children as heroes” («Μάνα, κυρά του Νικηταριού, κυρά της λευτεριάς, τα παιδιά σου ήρωες τιμάς»). 

The female figure here intentionally keeps an ambiguous identity symbolizing simultaneously the concepts of both motherhood and motherland. Both identities aim to promote and underline the sacrificial nature of motherhood, and the women’s duty to serve and perpetuate the family and the nation. 

The memorial was funded by a private ad hoc committee for the Nikitari memorial, the Community Committee, and the Nikitari expatriates union and friends. The unveiling took place on November 26th 2006.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/4, Meeting Minutes October 10, 2002.  

Keywords:

Savvas Rotsidis (Σάββας Ροτσίδης) statue

Ανδριάντας Σάββα ΡΟτσίδη (2)n Ανδριάντας Σάββα ΡΟτσίδη (9)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Mammari village, opposite “Savvas Rotsidis” association premises.

Nicosia district. 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by Mammari Community Committee and there was a fundraising to cover the construction costs. The unveiling took place on April 7th 1968. 

Selected sources:
~ Αγών (Agon), April 7, 1968, p. 5.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 27, 1961, p. 5. 

Keywords

Fidias Symeonidis (Φειδίας Συμεωνίδης) and Tryfonas Tryfonas (Τρύφωνας Τρύφωνας) busts

Fidias Symeonidis n Tryfonas Tryfonas n   Fidias Symeonidis                                             Tryfonas Tryfonas

Ηρώον-προτομές Φειδία Συμεωνίδη και Τρύφωνα Τρύφωνος (2)n Ηρώον-προτομές Φειδία Συμεωνίδη και Τρύφωνα Τρύφωνος (5)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Outside Lagoudera village. Nicosia district. 

Dimensions for both busts: 131 cm x 40~58 cm x 30~49 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, National Guard, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative and the commission of Fidias Symenonidis’ bust were taken by his EOKA 1955-59 co-fighters in 1989. The bust was delivered in 2001. 

The initiative for Tryfonas Tryfonas’ bust was taken by the General Staff of the National Guard in 1984, and the cost was covered through private and state funds. Tryfonas’ bust was delivered in 2002. 

Adjacent to their busts a pedestal commemorates the two, listed as missing, Andreas K. Ioannou (Ανδρέας Π. Ιωάννου) and Panayiotis P. Chatzipanayioti (Παναγιώτης Π. Χ’’Παναγιώτη). The dove, symbol of peace and reassurance, nested in a crosswise arrangement of laurel branches, is a widespread symbolism of heroic sacrificial deeds in Cypriot memorials.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), January 19, 1984, p. 14.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 6, 1989, p. 15.

Keywords

Machairas commemoration place

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Ομοίωμα Ολοκαυτώματος Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (7)n Ομοίωμα Ολοκαυτώματος Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (12)n Ανδριάντας Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (2)n Ανδριάντας Γρηγόρη Αυξεντίου (25)n

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

Grigoris Afxentiou (Γρηγόρης Αυξεντίου) statue

Machairas Golden Eagle

“Threshing floor and Machairas’ Eagle” Memorial 

All three memorial pieces are dedicated to Grigoris Afxentiou, one of the most renowned EOKA 1955-59 fighters. Georgios Grivas (known by the nickname Digenis) personally recruited Afxentiou counting on the invaluable experience he had as a lieutenant in the Greek army, where he served between the years 1948 and 1952. Afxentiou was killed, trapped in his hideout in Machairas area, Troodos Mountain, after a long battle. The British soldiers burned the cave he was hidden in, after his refusal to surrender.

Today, his hideout, close to the monastery, is restored and serves as pilgrimage for Cypriots. It is not known at what point the nickname “Golden Eagle of Machairas” was attributed to Afxentiou. A version points to Georgios Grivas who supposedly called him “Golden Eagle of Pentadaktylos”. The golden eagle’s (Aquila pennata or Hieraaetus pennatus) natural environment is Pentadaktylos Mountain (in the occupied part of the island), where a certain area is also known as “aetofolia” (eagle’s nest). However, the inscription “Golden Eagle of Machairas” which decorates the pedestal of his bust at the Memorial to the Lakatamia dead and missing (Nicosia district), explicitly links the nickname with his extensive activity at Machairas and not at Pentadaktylos. 

In February 2006 a museum was inaugurated at Machairas, dedicated to his life and deeds. The material used for all three pieces listed here is brass.

The initiative of Grigoris Afxentiou statue was taken by the artist Nikolaos Kotziamanis and Archbishop Chrisostomos A’, and funded by the Cypriot Church. The oversized statue (7.5 meters in height, initially planned to reach the 20 meters) is placed on a plateau adjacent to Machairas monastery. The unveiling took place on March 1st 1992. According to Kotziamanis it is aspired to “become a universal symbol of freedom and fighting spirit”. 

George Kyriacou was the artist who created the golden eagle, an abstractive sculpture of 7 x 7 meters, and the “Threshing floor and Machairas’ Eagle” memorial. 

The initiative for the Golden Eagle sculpture was taken in 1971 by the Cypriot Federation of Reserve Officers (POEA/ΠΟΕΑ), the Cypriot Workers Confederation (SEK/ΣΕΚ), and the Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle (SIMAE/ΣΙΜΑΕ). The unveiling took place on March 2nd 1997. 

The “Threshing floor and Machairas’ Eagle” memorial is reminiscent of his burned body in life size. Placed in the middle of a circle 12 meters in diameter, paved with marble, it attempts an explicit and implicit reference to the mythical iconic hero of Greek tradition, Digenis Akritas, who legendarily fought with death at the “threshing floors”. 

The historic events ignited an abstract, expressionistic formulation of the deformed body, which lie almost dismembered on the bare stone. The textures of the brass further underline the contrast between the materials and the wildness of the natural environment, exacerbating the dramatic feelings.   

The initiative for this memorial was taken in 1997 by the Cypriot Federation of Reserve Officers (POEA/ΠΟΕΑ), the Associations of EOKA fighters, and the Cypriot Workers Confederation (SEK/ΣΕΚ).

The Cypriot Chamber of Fine Arts expressed its’ strong opposition with regard to the oversize scale of the statue. Through the press its’ members argued that it is “of barbaric nature and alien to the historical greatness of Greek art”, implying the physical scale of all ancient Greek art and architecture. The family of the dead fighter strongly supported the artist’s proposal and thus, the project was concluded.

The Golden Eagle and the monastery panoramic images are courtesy of Dr. Adrienne Christiansen. 

Selected sources:
~ Αγών (Agon), August 4, 1972, p. 3. 
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), January 28, 2009. 
~ Μάχη (Mahi), January 29, 2009, p. 12.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), March 24, 1983, p. 3.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 24, 1979, p. 4.  
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 28, 1989, p. 12.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 1, 1989, p. 18. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 12, 1989, p. 6
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 16, 1989, p. 6.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), January 30, 1990, p. 10.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), June 30, 1971, p. 8.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), August 4, 1972, p. 1.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/9, document May 19, 1970. 
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, document August 2, 1995. 
~ Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle, 17.1.2002, vol. 1-2, documents October 1, 2002; February 22, 2002; February 2, 2009; Meeting Minutes January 12, 2006; June 26, 2008; November 6, 2008; January 29, 2009.
~ Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle, 17.94.7, vol. 7, document March 15, 2005. 
~ Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle, 17.2009.10, document February 25, 2009; Meeting Minutes February 12, 2009.
~ Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle, 17.2009.11, document May 12, 2009.

Keywords:

Andreas Zakos (Ανδρέας Ζάκος) and Georgios Antoniou (Γεώργιος Αντωνίου) busts

Andreas Zakosn Georgios Antonioun  Andreas Zakos                                                 Georgios Antoniou

Προτομές Γεώργιου Αντωνίου και Ανδρέα Ζάκου (ΕΟΚΑ 55-59) (1)n

Artist: George Kyriacou

Location: On Linou-Flasou road. Nicosia district.

Dimensions: 163 cm x 57 cm x 53 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for both busts was taken in 1974 by “Amyna” athletic union. However and according to a press clip, the bust of A. Zakos was unveiled on August 16th 1959. Given that both current busts are of very similar style and dimensions, it is probable that the old bust of Zakos was replaced or rearranged within the shared commemorative place created for the two fighters.

Selected sources: 
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), August 18, 1959, p. 2.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Old location

Ανδριάντας Αρχ. Μακαρίου Γ' Θρονί (5)n 

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Kykkos-Throni area, Panayia Kykkos monastery. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 9.5 x 4.3 x 5.5 meters 

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

This oversized statue of Makarios III is also known as “Colossus” or (unofficially) as “BigMac”. Although Kotziamanis was already working on the models in 1979, the whole construction took a long time in preparation and its placement in the Archbishopric yard, in the old city of Nicosia, happened only on July 24th 1987. The initiative for the statue was taken by Archbishop Chrisostomos I, who apparently acted contrary to the wishes of Nicosia Municipality authorities. The statue was supposed to symbolize “the fights for freedom and justice to the citizens of Cyprus; to become inspiration and guidance for the generations to come, so that they continue his work” 

Because “Colossus” location required the displacement and relocation of Archbishop Kyprianos’ bust within the Archbishopric yard, and possibly because of the unavoidable political connotations the statue’s extraordinary size raised, this specific Makarios monument ignited intense controversial debates and extensive press reports. Due to the tension created the initially programmed unveiling for August 3rd was postponed, and eventually cancelled. 

An alternative proposal for the statue to be relocated at Throni area, where Makarios III is buried, was already on the table in the beginning of August 1987. The relocation took place only after Chrisostomos II, the new Archbishop, reopened the issue in 2007. The unveiling at the current location took place on August 3rd 2013. 

The old location images are available here courtesy of Dr. Adrienne Christiansen. 

Selected sources:
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), July 13, 1987.
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), July 17, 1987.
~ Αλήθεια (Alithia), September 9, 1987.
~ Επίκαιρη (Epikeri), July 25, 1987.
~ Κήρυκας (Kirykas), July 12, 1987, p. 3.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 11, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 12, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 14, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 16, 1987.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), July 25, 1987.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), April 20, 1979, p. 2.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 21, 1979, p. 3.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), 27 July, 1987, p. 13.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), July 30, 1987, p. 2.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.1, document February 10, 1981; Meeting Minutes March 23, 1981;
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.2, document July 24, 1987.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.3, documents July 11, 1987; August 27, 1987. August 31, 1987; September 1, 1987; September 7, 1987; September 22, 1987; September 29, 1987.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Λευκωσίας (Nicosia Municipality Archive), 06-7.5, Meeting Minutes July 22, 1987; September 24, 1987.

Keywords:

Giorgos Nikolaou (Γεώργιος Νικολάου) and Stelios Triteos (Στέλιος Τριταίος) busts

x (5)n x (4)ν

xn

Artist: Giorgos Kalakallas 

Location: Kato Pyrgos elementary school, Nikolaou Papageorgiou Avenue. Nicosia district.

Dimensions:168 cm  x 58 cm x 32 cm (Triteos bust), 168 cm x 57 cm x 32 cm (Nikolaou bust)

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by Eleni Triteou and the SIMAE (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) and  was supported by the Ministry of Education and Culture. The cost was covered by the SIMAE and through a fundraising coordinated by the families of the dead. The unveiling took place on August 27th 2000.

Keywords:

Andreas Patsalidis (Ανδρέας Πατσαλίδης) and Charalambos Pettemeridis (Χαράλαμπος Πεττεμερίδης) statues

               Andreas Patsalidisn Charalambos Pettemeridisn                                           Andreas Patsalidis               Charalambos Pettemeridis

Γενικός χώρος ανδριάντων (1)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Adjacent to Panayias church, Kannavia village. Nicosia district

Material: Brass 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken in 1962 by an ad hoc private committee and SIMAE (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle). In 2009, SIMAE funded the conservation of the statues, necessary due to the gradual erosion over time.

Selected sources:
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document May 12, 2008; Meetings Minutes May 7, 2009; June 11, 2009.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.11, documents May 12, 2009; October 27, 2009.

Keywords:

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Μνημείο πεσόντων αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59- Δίπτερο Νίκης (3)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59- Δίπτερο Νίκης (7)n Μνημείο πεσόντων αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59- Δίπτερο Νίκης (4)n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: Entrance of Kakopetria village. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze 

Dimensions: 151 cm x 79 cm x 79 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The figure is also known as Victory. The implied male fighter is alluded to through the abstract lines and volumes of the sculpture, while the curvy wings could also insinuate a shield, depending on the point of view of the viewer. What is notable in this memorial is the level of abstractness in its forms and volumes, which is remarkably rare in Cypriot memorials and commemorative notions in general. 

The memorial was commissioned by SIMAE (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), Kakopetria Community Committees, a private committee for the monument and the Cypriot Workers Confederation (SEK/ΣΕΚ). The unveiling took place on June 27th 1993. 

Keywords:

Panayiotis Toumazos (Παναγιώτης Τουμάζος) statue

Ανδριάντας Παναγιώτη Τουμάζου (5)n

Ανδριάντας Παναγιώτη Τουμάζου (13)n

Artist: George Kyriacou 

Location: Area “Saranta-Mili” (40th-Mile), Kakopetria-Troodos road. Nicosia district. 

Material: Bronze 

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Modern sculpture

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

With the exception of the archaic helmet and the shield, and unlike the commemorative tradition in Cyprus, the figure is depicted in a remarkably abstract way, as an ideogram of all male fighters. However, the visual reference to these two items, secure the respect to the ancestral tradition, balancing the bold aesthetic result of the statue.

The statue was commissioned by SIMAE (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), the Kakopetria Community Committee, a private committee for the memorial and the Cypriot Workers Confederation (SEK/ΣΕΚ). The unveiling took place on June 27th 1993. 

Keywords: 

Memorial to the Galata dead

 Μνημείο πεσόντων Γαλάτας (4)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Γαλάτας (7)n

Artist: Andros Kazamias

Location: Opposite Panayia Odigitria church, Galata village. Nicosia district.

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 5 meters in height

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bas relief on the front of the pillar depicts two empty shirts, an idea drawing its origins from Giorgos Seferis’ poem “Eleni”.

The memorial is dedicated to Chrysanthos Mylonas ((Χρύσανθος Μυλωνάς) and Evagoras Papachristoforou (Ευαγόρας Παπαχριστοφόρου) who died during the EOKA 1955-59 struggles; to Andreas Yeroudis (Ανδρέας Γερούδης) who died during the Inter-communal conflicts of 1964; to Georgios Zaharia (Γεώργιος Ζαχαρία) who died during the Turkish invasion; and to Panayiotis Athanasiou (Παναγιώτης Αθανασίου). It was commissioned in 1985 by Galata Community Committee and the architect Iakovos Filippou who collaborated with Andros Kazamias for the construction.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/11, document May 23, 1985.

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (2)n Προτομή Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (8)n

Artist: Nikos Dymiotis 

Location: Morfou Diocese premises, Evrychou village. Nicosia district 

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 118 cm x 40 cm x 30 cm

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1980 by the Morfou Diocese and the unveiling took place on August 3rd 1983. 

Keywords:

Stavros Stylianidis (Σταύρος Στυλιανίδης) and Pantelis Katelaris (Παντελής Κατελάρης) busts

 Προτομές Στυλιανίδη και Κατελάρη (2)n Προτομή Παντελή Κατελάρη (3)n Προτομή Σταύρου Στυλιανίδη (3)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Tamasos and Orinis Diocese, Episkopio village. Nicosia district. 

Dimensions: 127 cm  x 52 cm x 42 cm 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for Stylianidis bust was taken by an ad hoc group of EOKA fighters and the unveiling took part on July 3rd 2011. The initiative for Katelaris bust was taken by “Pantelis Katelaris” association and the unveiling took place on November 8th 2009. Next to them there is a pedestal dedicated to the, listed as missing, Nikos Petridis (Νίκος Πετρίδης).

Selected sources:
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.94.7, vol. 7, document March 2, 2005.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document November 14, 2008; Meeting Minutes December 13, 2007.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008, Meeting Minutes May 13, 2008.

Keywords:

Memorial to Stavros Stylianidis and Pantelis Katelaris

Μνημείο Σταύρου Στυλιανίδη και Παντελή Κατελάρη (2)n Μνημείο Σταύρου Στυλιανίδη και Παντελή Κατελάρη (5)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Center of Episkopio village. Nicosia district. 

Material: Marble 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the memorial was taken by the local association “Pantelis Katelaris”. There is no further information on the dates of the construction. 

The memorial is overloaded with aesthetic (and ideological) references to the Greek ancestral cultural tradition. The pillars are situated on elaborate bases and are crowned with a palmette and an arbitrary combination of architectural decorative motifs in Ionic order. On the front view the angel alludes to the ancient flying Eros. However, the wreath on its left hand, the laurel branches and the Greek flags that frame the black and white photograph of the deceased underneath its feet, explicitly promotes the heroic glorification following the Greek tradition of commemoration.

Keywords

Georgis Karyos (Γεώργιος Κάρυος) bust

Προτομή Γεώργιου Κάρυου (1)n Προτομή Γεώργιου Κάρυου (4)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Georgiou Karyou St.. Astromeritis village. Nicosia district

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 132 cm x 56 cm x 43 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

It is unknown when the bust was commissioned. No further information is available.

Keywords

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Ανδριάντας Μακαρίου (7)n Ανδριάντας Μακαρίου (10)n

Artists: Nikolaos Kotziamanis (the statue), Kyriakos Tamanas (the mosaics)

Location: Archbishop Makarios III Avenue, Akaki village. Nicosia district

Dimensions: 3.65 meters

Category: Cypriot Church, EOKA 1955-59, Public Figures

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Makarios’ III statue, standing on a pedestal, is symmetrically flagged by two mosaic walls behind him. The inscription “Peoples who want to live, and who fight to live, do not perish” («Δεν χάνονται οι λαοί που θέλουν να ζήσουν και αγωνίζονται να ζήσουν») specifies in an eloquent way the visual descriptions of the mosaic panels. Both of them narrate in a fragmented synthesis the suffering of the Cypriot people, the wailing and mourning of the mothers and wives, and the despair of the soldiers. The wires and the prison bars create further emotionally charged connotations, adding symbolic value to the pictures. 

The memorial was commissioned by the expatriates from Akaki leaving in London, the Kykkos monastery, the Cypriot government, the Cypriot Archdiocese, and Akaki community. The unveiling took place on October 19th 1986. 

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), October 19, 1986, p. 20.
~ Φιλελεύθερος, (Fileleftheros), October 19, 1986, p. 1.

Keywords

Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) statue

Ανδριάντας Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (4)n Ανδριάντας Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (7)ν

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Adjacent to Agioi Thrimithias village elementary school. Nicosia district

Material: Bronze (on a granite base)

Dimensions: Life size

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Pallikaridis was the last Cypriot EOKA fighter to be executed by the British authorities. He was hanged at Nicosia central prison on March 14th 1957.

The initiative for the statue was taken in 1997 by Agioi Thrimithia community’s youth union and Agioi Thrimithia’s Community Committee. 

On the wall next to Pallikaridis statue a plaque commemorates the listed as missing Loizos Chatziprokopiou (X’’Προκοπίου). 

The unveiling took place on March 14, 1999. 

Keywords:

Spyros Chatziyakoumis (Σπύρος Χ’’Γιακουμής) bust

Προτομή Σπύρου Χ''Γιακουμή (3)ν Προτομή Σπύρου Χ''Γιακουμή (5)ν

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: “Omonia” union premises, Agia Varvara. Nicosia district

Dimensions: 124 cm x 55 cm x 55~82 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative was taken by the deceased’s family and “Hytri” Kythreas athletic union. The unveiling took place on October 16th 1994. 

It is noted that X’’ is an abbreviation of Chatzi- in some family names.

Keywords:

Dimitrakis Papamiltiadous (Δημητράκης Παπαμιλτιάδους) bust

Προτομή Δημητράκη Παπαμιλτιάδους (3)ν Προτομή Δημητράκη Παπαμιλτιάδους (7)ν

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Agia Marina church, Agia Marian Xyliatou village. Nicosia district

Material: Brass

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Ιnter-communal conflicts 1963-64

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initiative for the bust was taken in 1970 by an ad hoc committee and was commissioned by Agia Marina Community Committee. The unveiling took place on April 8th 1984.

Selected sources: 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 3, 1970, p. 1.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/8, document March 3, 1970.

Keywords

Christos Kkelis (Χρίστος Κκέλης) and Georgios Michail (Γιώργος Μιχαήλ) busts

Προτομές Κκέλη και Μιχαήλ (8)n Προτομές Κκέλη και Μιχαήλ (11)n

Προτομές Κκέλη και Μιχαήλ (4)n

Artist: Giorgos Kalakallas 

Location: Adjacent to Kissonerga community playground. Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 75cm  (+53 cm the pedestal) x 65 cm x 65 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The busts were commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) and the unveiling of the memorial took place on November 24th 2002.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/20, Meeting Minutes March 13, 2000.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Tsada dead & Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Μνημείο πεσόντων Τσάδας και προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (1)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Τσάδας και προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (5)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων Τσάδας και προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (6)n Μνημείο πεσόντων Τσάδας και προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (3)n

Artist: Kostas Ikonomou, Nikos Garyfalakis (for Pallikaridis bust)

Location: Panagia Chryseleousa church yard. Pafos district.

Material: Marble (for the bust)

Dimensions: 123 cm x 45 cm x 34 cm (for the bust)

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Cypriot Women

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Andreas Christodoulou (Ανδρέας Χριστοδούλου), Vladimiros Irakleous (Βλαδίμηρος Ηρακλέους) and Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης). It was commissioned by Tsada Youth Center and the unveiling took place in August 14th 1998.

The nearby pre-existing bust was commissioned in 1961 by Evagoras Pallikaridis’ family and the unveiling took place in May 13th 1962.

Selected sources:
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), May 23, 1961, p. 1.

Keywords:

Evagoras Pallikadidis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (2)n Προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (4)n Προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (7)n Προτομή Ε. Παλληκαρίδη (9)n

Artist: Unknown 

Location: Aetofolia area, Peristerona Chrysochou community. Pafos district. 

Material:Stone

Dimensions: 162 cm x 96 cm x 96 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 Struggle). Pallikaridis was the last Cypriot EOKA fighter to be executed by the British authorities. He was hanged at Nicosia central prison on March 14th 1957.

Keywords:

Memorial to the Pano Arodes EOKA 1955-59 dead

Μνημείο αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59  (2)n Μνημείο αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59  Copyn Μνημείο αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (2)n Μνημείο αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (4)n Μνημείο αγωνιστών ΕΟΚΑ 55-59(3)n

Artist: Philippos Yiapanis

Location: Agios Kalandionas church yard. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 151 cm x 53 cm x 53 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle). It is dedicated to Iakovos Christodoulidis (Ιάκωβος Χριστοδουλίδης), Charalambos Filippidis (Χαράλαμπος Φιλιππίδη), Georgios Papaveikou (Γεώργιος Παπαβερκίου) and Dimitris Georgiou Touttoulou (Δημήτρης Γεωργίου Τουττούλου).

The busts were delivered by the sculptor in 2007 and the unveiling of the monument took place in December 2009.

Selected sources:
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meeting Minutes May 13, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, Meeting Minutes May 7, 2009.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.11, document May 12, 2009.

Keywords:

Charalambos Mouskos (Χαράλαμπος Μούσκος) bust

Προτομή Χαράλαμπου Γεωργίου Μούσκου (1)n Προτομή Χαράλαμπου Γεωργίου Μούσκου (2)n Προτομή Χαράλαμπου Γεωργίου Μούσκου (3)n

Artist: Vasos Falireas 

Location: Panagia elementary school. Pafos district.

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 152 cm x 39 cm x 30 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by Mouskou family and the unveiling took place in 1960. 

Keywords:

Takis Sofokleous (Τάκης Σοφοκλέους) bust

 Προτομή Τάκη Σοφοκλέους (2)n

Προτομή Τάκη Σοφοκλέουςn

Artist: Marios Garyfalakis

Location: Panagia elementary school. Pafos district.

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 139 cm x 44 cm x 31 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) statue

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (1)n

Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (31)n Ανδριάντας Αρχιεπισκόπου Μακαρίου Γ' (17)n

Artist: Vasos Falireas 

Location: Historical Cultural Center Archbishop Makarios III, Panagia village.

Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 3 meters

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue was commissioned by the Panagia Community and the unveiling took place on August 3rd 1982.

Selected sources:
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), December 24, 1980, p. 8.

Keywords

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters from Neo Chorio

προτομές Βάσου Παναγή, Γεώργιου Στυλιανού,  Γεώργιου Αναστασίουn προτομές  Γεώργιου Αναστασίουn

προτομές Βάσου Παναγήn προτομές Γεώργιου Στυλιανούn

Artist: Nikos Michailidis 

Location: Agios Minas church yard. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 150 cm x 78 cm x 78 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Vasos Panayi (Βάσος Παναγή), Georgios Anastasiou (Γεώργιος Αναστασίου) and Georgios Stylianou (Γεώργιος Στυλιανού). It was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) and the unveiling took place on November 7th 2010. 

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/2, Meeting Minutes November 11, 2001.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meetings Minutes January 31, 2008; March 13, 2008; May 13, 2008. 
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, documents September 1, 2009; October 27, 2009; Meeting Minutes June 11, 2009.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.11, documents June 12, 2009; October 27, 2009.

Keywords:

Michail Nikolaou (Μιχαήλ Νικολάου) bust

Προτομή Μιχαήλ Νικολάου (2)n Προτομή Μιχαήλ Νικολάου (4)n

Artist: Giorgos Kalakallas

Location: Mesogi square. Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 152 cm x 64 cm x 36 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), Artemis Pouroulli, the Church Committee, the Community Committee and his co-fighters. The unveiling took place in 1999. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Freedom Fighters

Μνημείο Ηρώων(2)n Μνημείο Ηρώων(6)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Panayia Chriseleousa yard, Koili village. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 2 meters x 65 ~ 80 cm x 65 ~ 80 cm

Category: War Volunteers, EOKA 1955-59 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to the Koili EOKA dead fighters, and to those who were killed during the Greek Independence War of 1821, the Balkan Wars, the Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922 and the Second World War. It was commissioned by the Koili expatriates association. The unveiling took place on July 8th 2001. 

Although the bust has no title and therefore its meaning is open to interpretations, the helmet indicates goddess Athena. This head is an exact copy of Athens’ head at the memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 dead at Agios Pavlos church in Nicosia, known also as “Liberty Monument”. Both are made by the same artist. Strong necks support the goddesses’ heads and their facial traits appear more masculine than feminine, despite their long hair. The placement of the laurel wreath on the helmet in both cases is not a familiar aesthetic formulation or symbolism for Athena, but eloquently reflects the intentions of the sculpture’s commissioners.

Selected sources: 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), July 9, 2001, p. 3.

Keywords:

Memorial to Christos Kkelis (Χρίστος Κκέλης) and Georgios Michail (Γιώργος Μιχαήλ)

Μνημείο Κκέλη και Μιχαήλ, ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (5)n

Μνημείο Κκέλη και Μιχαήλ, ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (9)n Μνημείο Κκέλη και Μιχαήλ, ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (1)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides 

Location: Kissonerga community playground. Pafos district.

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Zina Kanther commissioned the memorial and the unveiling took place in 1962.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/20, Meeting Minutes  March 16, 2000.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing of Empa & Georgios Christoforou bust

Μνημείο Ηρώων - Έμπα (2)n Μνημείο Ηρώων - Έμπα (11)n Προτομή Γεώργιου Χριστοφόρουn Προτομή Γεώργιου Χριστοφόρου (3)n

Artist: Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos 

Location: Apostle Andreas church yard, Empa village. Pafos district.

Material:  (of the bust) Copper 

Dimensions : (of the bust)144 cm x 39 cm x 34 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion, War Volunteers (Second World War).

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Empa Community and the unveiling took place on May 25th 2008. The bust was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), and an ad hoc private committee for the Christoforou memorial and the unveiling took place on November 11th 2008.

Selected sources:
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, Meeting Minutes April 10, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document November 14, 2008; Meeting Minutes October 9, 2008.

Keywords:

Leonidas Papakostas (Λεωνίδας Παπακώστας) bust

 

Προτομή Παπακώστα Λεωνίδα (24)n Προτομή Παπακώστα Λεωνίδα (15)n

 Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Chlorakas Agios Georgios church yard. Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 167 cm x 40 cm x 30 cm

CategoryEOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The unveiling of the memorial took place on June 5th 2011. On a nearby commemorative plaque is quoted a note of General Georgios Grivas, dated August1971: “I remember him the night of my disembarking at Chlorakas coast. During my short stay there he was overwhelmed with joy with my call to arms”.

Selected sources:
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/11, Meeting Minutes June 28, 1993.

Keywords:

Monument to Memory and Honor

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Μνημείο ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Ανδριάντας Γρίβα (8)n Μνημείο ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Ανδριάντας Γρίβα (17)n

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA  old location

Artists for the Monument for Memory and Honor: 

Sculptor: Nikos Kouroussis, Architect: Margarita Danou

Artist for Georgios Grivas (Γεώργιος Γρίβας) statue: 

Theodoulos Theodoulou

Artist for the reliefs: Evangelos Moustakas

Artist for the paintings: Andreas Makariou

Location: Chlorakas coast, Agios Georgios/Alyki location. Pafos district.

Dimensions: 14 meters, + 1.5 meter the stainless steel rays of the Monument

2.5 meters the Grivas statue

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Modern sculpture

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

The initial planning and the meetings for the construction of an extensive memorial area started in 1993 among SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggles), Chlorakas community and the EOKA 1955-59 Fighters’ Union. The memorial area commemorates two historical events. The first is the arrival of Georgios Grivas (known as Grivas Digenis) at Chlorakas on November 11, 1954 with a view to organize and lead EOKA (National Organization of Cypriot Fighters) guerilla struggle. The second is the capture of “Agios Georgios” boat by the British soldiers on January 25, 1955. The arrangement of the place would include the already existing small museum where “Agios Georgios” boat was kept. The artistic proposals were submitted to the special committee SIMAE created for this specific reason.

Kouroussis’ Monument to Memory and Honor was placed at the exact place where George Grivas disembarked marking the start of EOKA struggle. According to the artist’s initial description, the two pillars, made of cement and coated with bronze, originate from the shape and symbolic function of a belfry – as a call to arms – while the stainless steel rays on the top would depict a ship. His proposal was promoted in November 1996 as the most appropriate of all submissions for consideration. Nevertheless during the process of the construction the ship depiction was abandoned by Kouroussis and the abstract arrangement of rays took its place. The unveiling of the Monument took place on November 26th 2000.

Georgios Grivas statue was commissioned by SIMAE; the General Georgios Grivas Digenis Foundation; and the EOKA 1955-59 Fighters Union. It is an exact copy of Georgios Grivas’ statue at Limassol, made by the same artist, Theodoulos Theodoulou. The unveiling took place on November 26th 2000.

The statue was initially placed in front of the Monument to Memory and Honor. After intense protests by the artist Nikos Kouroussis and the architect Margarita Danou, it was moved and placed close to the nearby commemorative wall.

The reliefs on the commemorative wall that connect the monument with the museum are sculpted on white marble by the Greek sculptor Evangelos Moustakas. They narrate the arrival of Grivas, the weapons’ transportation and the capture of “Agios Georgios” boat. They were commissioned by SIMAE and the EOKA 1955-59 Fighters Union.

After its capture, “Agios Georgios” boat was sold by the British in 1960 in an auction. The Mayor of Pafos, following Makarios’ III instructions, bought the boat and placed it in a covered area, constructed for that purpose. This initial construction was renovated and expanded in 1994 and, again, in 2000. Today it is named ”Agios Georgios Boat Museum”. In addition to the boat, inside the museum remnants of the guerrilla guns and ammunition are displayed, while black and white photographs of EOKA fighters decorate part of the walls around the boat. The paintings on the walls follow a distinct aesthetic of socialist realism and capture such symbols as the Greek flag and the cross; figures of the crew; “Agios Georgios” boat; “Sirin” ship (with which Georgios Grivas arrived in Cyprus in November 1954); and stylized scenes of the debarkation.

Approximately 200 meters from Alyki location where Georgios Grivas disembarked in 1954, Zina Kanther built a small chapel dedicated to Saint George. The Diocese of Pafos commissioned the frescoes made by George and Alexander Konstantinidis.

Selected sources:
Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 26, 1993, p. 17.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 14, 1996, p. 16.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), July 5, 1996, p. 11.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 10, 1998, p. 2.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 27, 2000, p. 10.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/13, Meeting Minutes November 8, 1995.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/14, Meeting Minutes May 3, 1996.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/16, Meeting Minutes February 25, 1998.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/18, document December 11,1998.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/5, document February 27, 2003.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008.9, documents January 11, 2008; June 6, 2008; Meeting Minutes May 13, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, document April 16, 2009; Meeting Minutes April 26, 2002; April 9, 2009; May 7, 2009.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.11, documents May 12, 2009; June 12, 2009; October 27, 2009.

Keywords:

Andreas Georgiou (Ανδρέας Γεωργίου) statue

Ανδρέας Γεωργίου (4)n Ανδρέας Γεωργίου (8)n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos

Location: Agia Marina church yard, Anarita. Pafos district.

Material: Copper

Dimensions: 2.10 meters high (+ 60 cm the pedestal) 

CategoryEOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The statue is placed in the same spot where a cenotaph along with a commemorative stele for the hero preexisted. Because of lack of space in the church yard, the older commemorative parts were moved and repositioned at the village cemetery. The statue was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), by the family, the local church and the Anarita community. The unveiling took place on October 26, 2008.

Selected sources: 

~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments Committee), 14.3.01/9, Meeting Minutes March 17, 2003.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments Committee), 14.3.01/14, document August 2, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.94.7 vol. 7, documents: December 15, 2004; July 5, 2006; July 31, 2006; September 15, 2006; Meetings Minutes March 17, 2005; March 30, 2004; September 14, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) 17.2008.9, document June 2008; Meetings Minutes April 10, 2008; September 14, 2006.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle) 17.2009.10, document October 9, 2008.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (3)n

Μνημείο πεσόντων και αγνοουμένων (6)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Amargeti village square. Pafos district.

Material: Marble and brass 

CategoryEOKA 1955-59, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Sokratis Chatzievaghelou (Σωκράτης Χ’’Ευαγγέλου) who died during the 1955-59 struggles of EOKA; to Athanasios Christoforou (Αθανάσιος Χριστοφόρου) who died during the 1974 coup; and to Arestis Panayiotou (Αρέστης Παναγιώτου) and Yiannakis Georgiou (Γιαννάκης Γεωργίου) who are listed as missing. The unveiling of the monument seems to have taken place in 1994. It is noted that in family names the X’’ is an abbreviation of Chatzi-.

Selected sources: 
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01/14, document May 21, 2009. 

Keywords:

Archbishop Makarios III (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος Γ’) bust

Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος (4)n Αρχιεπίσκοπος Μακάριος (5)n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Polis Chrysochou high school. Pafos district. 

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 183 cm x 43 cm

CategoryCypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned in 1978 by the teachers’ association and the committee of high school student councils. It was exhibited at a Pan Cypriot Art Exhibition which took place in January 1979 and was dedicated to Makarios III. 

Keywords:

Memorial to the Polis Chrysochou dead

Αντώνης Φοίβου Ρωσσίδης (1)n Αντώνης Φοίβου Ρωσσίδης (4)n Γεώργιος Στυλιανού (1)n Γεώργιος Στυλιανού (2)n Στυλιανού και Ρωσσίδης (1)n Στυλιανού και Ρωσσίδης (2)nΓεώργιος Στυλιανού (5)n

Artists: Unknown (for Stylianou), Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos (for Rossidi)

Location: Apostle Andreas church yard at Polis Chrysochou. Pafos district. 

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 155 cm x 36 cm (Stylianou’ bust), 136 cm x 40 cm (Rossidi’ bust)

Category: EOKA 1955-59, National Guard 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Georgios Stylianou (Γεώργιος Στυλιανού) and to Antonis Fivou Rossidi (Αντώνης Φοίβου Ρωσσίδη). Stylianou’ bust was commissioned in 1960 by the Greek Cypriots from Polis Chrysochou living in Darwin, Australia. According to sources the sculptor was from Athens, Greece.

Antonis Fivou Rossidi was member of the National Guard. His bust was commissioned in 2003. No further information on Rossidi’s commissioners is available.

Selected sources:
Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 27, 1960, p. 6.

Keywords:

Liberty sculpture

Γλυπτό Ελευθερίας (2)n Γλυπτό Ελευθερίας (4)n

Artist: Nikos Michailidis

Location: Polis Chrysochou high school. Pafos district. 

Material: Stone

CategoryEOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Nikos Michailidis was a teacher at Polis Chrysochou’ high school and his monument is dedicated to the students who died during the EOKA 1955-59 struggles.

Keywords:

Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης) bust

Ε. Παλληκαρίδης  (4)n

Ε. Παλληκαρίδης  (14)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Evagoras Pallikaridis Association Building, Evagoras Pallikaridis Avenue, Pafos Municipality. Pafos district. 

Dimensions: 189 cm x 64 cm x 47 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust is an exact copy of Pallikaridis’ head, made by Kotziamanis for Pallikaridis statue at Pafos. It was funded by Loukas Pouroullis, a Cypriot expatriate living in Africa, major contributor of “Evagoras Pallikaridis” association. The unveiling took place on July 26th 2006. 

Another identical bust is situated in the military camp at Pafos (Anarita Recruitment Center), by the same artist. 

Selected sources
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/19, documents September 8, 1999; September 14, 1999.

Keywords:

Memorial to the students who died during EOKA 1955-59

Πεσόντες ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (2)n Πεσόντες ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (6)nOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Artist: Loukia Georganti 

Location: Adjacent to Nikolaidio high school, Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, Pafos Municipality. Pafos district. 

Material: Marble

CategoryEOKA 1955-59

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to Pafos high school students, Charalampos Mouskos (Χαράλαμπος Μούσκος), Georgios Papaverkiou (Γεώργιος Παπαβερκίου) and Evagoras Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Παλληκαρίδης). It was commissioned by Pafos high school after the initiative of the headmaster, Pavlos Pavlidis. The unveiling took place on May 13th 1962.

Keywords:

Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (1)n Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (4)n Μνημείο Μακάριος και Αντίσταση (17)n

Artist: Apostolos Fanakidis

Place: Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, entrance of Pafos city. Pafos district.

Material: Stone

Dimensions: 5 x 5 meters (the head of Makarios)

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Inter-communal conflicts 1967, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photograph: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned in 1992 by a private committee for the Makarios III-Resistance Memorial. Around Makarios’ over-sized head a series of plaques bear the names of all the dead fighters from Pafos since 1955. The unveiling took place on June 16th 1996. 

Selected sources
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 8, 1991, p. 10.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 20, 1994, p. 31.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 17, 1996, p. 3. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Πάφου (Pafos Municipality Archive), 12.96, documents December 11, 1992; June 8, 1993; June 2, 1994; November 30, 1995; November 6, 1996; November 29, 2006; February 1999; Meeting Minutes December 10, 1992.

Keywords:

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters

Μνημείο ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (8)n Μνημείο ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (9)n Μνημείο ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (10)n Μνημείο ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (15)n Μνημείο ΕΟΚΑ 55-59 (24)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: EOKA Park, Ellados Avenue, Pafos Municipality, Pafos district. 

Material: Bronze

CategoryEOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by SIMAE (Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA `955-59 struggle), Pafos Municipality and “Evagoras Pallikaridis” Cultural association. It is dedicated to the seventeen EOKA dead fighters from Pafos district. The memorial is situated at “Dasoudi” Municipality Park, a location on the way to Tsada village, coming from Pafos, which was renamed as “EOKA 1955-59 Heroes Park” in 2009. The unveiling took place on June 14th 2009. 

Selected sources
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, documents April 16, 2009; June 14, 2009; Meeting Minutes April 9, 2009; May 7, 2009.

Keywords:

Evagoras M. Pallikaridis (Ευαγόρας Μ. Παλληκαρίδης) statue

Ε. Παλληκαρίδης (2)n Ε. Παλληκαρίδης (11)nΕ. Παλληκαρίδης (6)n

Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis

Location: Opposite Nikolaidio high school, Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue,

Pafos Municipality. Pafos district.

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 3 meters

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

Pallikaridis was the last Cypriot EOKA fighter to be executed by the British authorities. He was hanged at Nicosia central prison on March 14th 1957.

“Evagoras Pallikaridis” sports club took the initiative for the memorial in 1986 and it was funded by Loukas Pouroullis, a Cypriot expatriate in Africa. Its’ placement opposite  Nikolaidio high school (where Pallikaridis had been a student) raised objections among the Municipality’s authorities because of the incongruity with the already existing buildings.

An alternative location was proposed at “Dasoudi” area on the way to Tsada village, where Pallikaridis was detained. “Evagoras Pallikaridis” sports club members and his family, who supported the school area proposal, argued that a location at the center of the city was appropriate for his significance and the spot, being in visual contact with the school, would constantly remind and teach students of patriotic values. The unveiling took place on March 11th 1990 at the initially suggested (by his co-fighters) location opposite Nikolaidio high school.

Pallikaridis’ slightly modified words are written on the statue’s low pedestal:
“I will follow an uphill; I will follow paths; I will find the stairs that lead to freedom”. (Θα πάρω μια ανηφοριά, θα πάρω μονοπάτια, θα βρω τα σκαλοπάτια που παν στη λευτεριά).

 

Selected sources:
~ Ο Αγών (O Agon), March 1, 1989.
~ Ο Αγών (O Agon), March 7, 1989.
~ Ο Αγών (O Agon), March 13, 1990.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), February 13, 1989.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), February 16, 1989.,
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), February 23, 1989.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 8, 1988, p. 15.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), March 3, 1989, p. 3.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), March 1, 1989.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), March 5, 1989.
~ Χαραυγή (Haravgi), March 12, 1990.
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Πάφου (Pafos Municipality Archive), 35.1988, document February 14, 1989.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, documents February16, 2009; April 16, 2009.

Keywords:

Liopetri Barn

1. Initial placementn OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA                  old location

2. Current placementn 3. Current placementn
new location

Artist: Sculptor: Nikos Kouroussis (architect: Margarita Danou)

Location: Liopetri village. Ammochostos district.

Material: Mixed material (bronze, stone gravel, straw and clay) 

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen & Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial is dedicated to the EOKA 1955-59 fighters Andreas Karios (Ανδρέας Κάρυος), Ilias Papakyriakou (Ηλίας Παπακυριακού), Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) and Christos Samaras (Χρίστος Σαμάρας). The barn at Liopetri is the place where the four fighters died on September 2, 1958. Through press reports it is clear that the initiatives to turn it into a commemoration place started in 1962. At that time, Andreas Savvidis made the statues of the fighters. Their gradual erosion during the following years became an issue of concern.

In 1990, after the restoration of the barn, the Cypriot government decided to renew the old statues of the four heroes. The Ministry of Education’s first call for the artistic competition took place in 1992 and was addressed strictly to Cypriot sculptors and/or architects. 

A second competition was called on June 7th 1994 implying no conclusion was reached for the first call. Nikos Kourousiis and Margarita Danou won the second competition call.

According to their proposal the busts of the four dead should be placed inside the barn. As they noted: “This placement invokes a sacred feeling equivalent to the sanctity of the holly communion that takes place on the altar. The visitor is compelled to enter the sacred place of the heroes’ sacrifice with feelings of reverence”. 

The unveiling of the monument took place on September 7th 1997. 

As a consequence of the local community and the families of the dead insistence to have the fighters placed in plain sight in the yard of the memorial place, Nikos Kourousiis committed to sculpt additionally four statues. The project was assigned to him in October 1997. 

Following the artist’s suggestion, the four statues were symbolically placed in front of the wavy and abstract depiction of the flag, which by association evokes the flight of a bird. The flag, along with the circular platform the statues stand on, is reminiscent of a stage theater foreground. 

In 2007 the statues were moved and placed in their current spot, at the perimeter of the memorial ground, and on individual low marble pedestals, as a consequence of the locals’ persisting objections that the memorial weakens its expressive power because of the arrangement of the four fighters in front of the waving flag.

The old photograph is available here courtesy of Dr. Adrienne Christiansen.

Selected sources:
~Αγών (Agon), August 31, 1964, p. 6.
~ Εικαστικά Δρώμενα, Ε.ΚΑ.ΤΕ, October 1999, p. 10. 
Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), June 11, 1970, p. 5.
~ Kambouridis, Charis. «Η τέχνη των ηρώων», Τα Νέα (Ta Nea), January 13, 1999.
~ Μάχη (Mahi), July 18, 1962, p. 6.
~ Μάχη (Mahi), September 12, 1962, p. 6.
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), June 30, 1979, p. 8.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), April 6, 1984, p. 1.
Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 2, 1990, p. 10.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), January 21, 1992, p. 9. 

~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 9, 1992, p. 7. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), January 19, 1997, p. 4.  
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), September 2, 1997, p. 4. 
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), August 29, 1999, p. 37.
Χαραυγή (Haravgi), November 1980, p. 7.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-8, document July 25, 1991.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-9, documents January 29, 1992; February 4, 1992; September 21, 1992.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-10, document June 11, 1992.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-16, documents August 20, 1997; October 16, 1997; November 7, 1997.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-19, document September 6, 1999.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.94.7 vol. 7, Meeting Minutes March 16, 2006; July 6, 2006; July 6, 2008; September 14, 2008.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2008. 9, Meeting Minutes May 13, 2008.

Keywords:

Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) bust

1n 2n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Frenaros cultural center. Ammochostos district.

Material: Marble

Dimensions: 98 cm (122 cm including the step) x 43~57 cm x 36~51 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Cypriot Organisation of Greek Teachers (ΠΟΕΔ/ POED) and the Frenaros Community. The unveiling of the monument took place on February 26th 1961.

Selected sources:
~Νέοι Καιροί (Nei Keri), February 27, 1961, p. 1.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/12, document May 25, 2006.

Keywords:

Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) statue

1n 2n 3n

Artist: Leonidas Spanos 

Location: Frenaros lyceum. Ammochostos district. 

Category: EOKA 1955-59 

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned by the Frenaros lyceum parents’ union and the Fotis Pittas’ Kokkinochoria lyceum school committee. It was funded mainly by SIMAE (Board of the Historical Memory of the EOKA Struggle 1955-59). The statue was delivered in 2006 and the unveiling of the monument took place in 2007. 

Selected sources
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.94.7 vol. 7, documents December 22, 2005; January 23, 2006; May 25, 2006; June 20, 2006; Meeting Minutes January 12, 2006.

Keywords:

Memorial to the dead and missing

2n 3n

1n

Artist: Andreas Savvides

Location: Next to Archbishop Makarios III church, Avgorou. Ammochostos district.  

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Turkish Invasion 

Photography: Vicky Karaiskou

In 1979 a local committee submitted an application to the Ministry of Education explaining the need to commemorate Makarios III along with the eight Avgorou dead during the 1955-59 struggles and the Turkish invasion. 

The application indicated as the most suitable place for the memorial the area behind the church. It also provided a rough aesthetic layout of the memorial. Seven years afterwards the monument was finished with the support of Avgorou Community and the Union of Avgorou expatriates in England. Although the current place of the memorial is the same as initially suggested, the final artwork followed a radically different aesthetic and structural layout.

The unveiling took place on March 22nd 1986.

Selected sources
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), December 16, 1962, p. 8.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου
Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-2.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου
Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268-1968-3, document
February 12, 1979.

Keywords

Memorial to the EOKA 1955-59 heroes

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Artists:  Christos Symeonidis Chrisimos, Phylactis Ierides,

Philippos Yiapanis 

Location: On the Avgorou-Lioperiou road. Ammochostos district.

Dimensions: The memorial occupies an area of 14,500 m.sq.

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Vicky Karaiskou

The wish to honour the Avgorou dead fighters goes back to 1962 when the first actions to gather the necessary funds took place. More than twenty years afterwards, in March 1985, the EOKA 1955-59 Avgorou members’ decision to construct a memorial materialized.

The intention of the initiative was to remind the origins, symbolize the main principles of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle, and commemorate Modestos Panteli, the first EOKA fighter who died on April 1st 1955.

For that reason the area where the memorial is situated today was symbolically chosen, being the exact place of his death. The memorial honors the memory of all Avgorou and the nearby Liopetri village EOKA’s dead fighters and aspired to be the reference point for the whole of Cyprus during the annual commemorations on April 1st.

The funding of this extensive project was secured mainly by the EOKA 1955-59 members, and the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 Struggle (SIMAE). Other state and private entities also made contributions.

A procession path flanked with a row of cypress trees links the ancient Greek Corinthian style entrance with the Mycenaean-like tomb. The path opens up to an ancient Greek theater construction. The distance between the theater’s semicircular auditorium and the tomb is flanked with dark stone panels where the names of the dead appear.

Inside the tomb, 26 portraits in relief were made by the three sculptors. Because of the limited budget, black and white photographs of the deceased substituted part of the total of 108 portraits initially planned to cover the walls.

Following the ancient Greek tradition, where theaters were adjacent to temples and in particular to Dionysus temple in order to underline the origins and the higher purpose of the theater culture, at Avgorou village, the nearby chapel was erected to remind the close relation between religion and motherland in modern Cyprus.

The unveiling of the monument took place on October 18th 2002.

Selected sources:
~ Σημερινή (Simerini), March 13, 1985, p. 3.
~ Ελευθερία (Eleftheria), December 16, 1962, p. 8.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 18, 2002, p. 20.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), October 20, 2002, p. 32.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/2.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/12, Meetings Minutes, September 13, 1994; November 10, 1994.
~ Κρατικό Αρχείο Κύπρου, Αρχείο Πολιτιστικών Υπηρεσιών Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (State Archive of Cyprus): 268/1968/18, document December 2, 1998.
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.2009.10, Meeting Minutes April 26, 2002.

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Fotis Pittas (Φώτης Πίττας) bust

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Artist: Charis Evaghelou 

Location: Fotis Pittas elementary school, Achna. Ammochostos district.

Dimensions (of the bust): 93 cm x 50 cm x 64 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Vicky Karaiskou

The bust was concluded in 2001 and the unveiling of the monument took place on May 18th 2001. On the right-hand side page of the open notebook behind Pittas, is noted his phrase “Every fighter is a free person” (Ο κάθε αγωνιζόμενος είναι και ελεύθερος), while on the left-hand side page a poem-style short text of his is dedicated to the beauty and glory of Cyprus.

Keywords

Yiasoumis K. Theodosiou (Γιασουμής Κ. Θεοδοσίου) bust

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Artist: Charis Evaggelou 

Location: Achna village square. Ammochostos district. 

Material: 117 cm x 118~140 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Vicky Karaiskou

The construction of the monument was commissioned by the Private committee for Yiasoumis Theodosiou memorial, the nationalist Achna Union and the Cooperative Bank of Achna. The bust finished in 1999 and the unveiling of the monument took place in 2000.

Although the Advisory Monuments’ Committee strongly suggested a different spot for the memorial within the village square – due to its close neighboring with the church-like cement tent – it failed to persuade both the private committee and the nationalist Achna Union. The main reason the committee and the union insisted was because they wished the monument to be placed in visual contact with the “Yiasoumis association” building. The final location was the choice of the Private committee for Yiasoumis Theodosiou memorial and the nationalist Achna Union.   

For accuracy reasons it is noted that on the official documents the family name of the hero is written as Chatzitheodosiou (Χ’’Θεοδοσίου) – where X’’ is an abbreviation of Chatzi – while on the pedestal the «Θεοδοσίου» (Theodosiou) version is used.

Selected sources:
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/2, Meeting Minutes September 21, 2001.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee) 14.3.01/13, Meeting Minutes June 25, 2002.

Keywords:

Petrakis Yallouros (Πετράκης Γιάλλουρος) bust

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Artist: Theodoulos Theodoulou 

Location: Paralimni lyceum. Ammochostos district. 

Material: Brass

Dimensions: 124 cm x 51~67 cm x 40~47 cm

Category: EOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The bust was commissioned by the Karpasia Coordinating Committee, the Corporation “Free United Karpasia”, the Rizokarpaso folk association, the Corporation “The Rizokarpason”, and the “Karpasia” Juniors’ Athletic Union of Rizokarpaso. It was funded by Ammochostos’ and Paralimni Lions’ clubs.  

The unveiling of the monument took place on March 7th 1999. On the pedestal, the inscription notes: “Petrakis Zaharia Yallouros [..] wanted to live in freedom. He was killed by British soldiers on February 7th 1956”.

Keywords

Paralimni dead and missing heroes’ memorial

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Artist: Giorgos Kalakallas

Location: Paralimni Agios Georgios Park. Ammochostos district. 

Category: EOKA 1955-59, Turkish Invasion, National Guard

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The monument was commissioned by the Paralimni Municipality. It is dedicated to the dead of EOKA 1955-1959 struggles, to the dead and missing of the Turkish invasion and to two more locals who were shot dead in August 1996. It was delivered in 2002 and the unveiling took place on October 12th 2003. 

On the brass lid of the well the poet Kyriakos Charalambidis wrote: “What you look at, stranger, is a memorial to the Paralimni dead who sacrificed their lives in order to feed their souls and irrigate love for their motherland, which offers in return resurrection as a gift” (Αυτό που βλέπεις το πηγάδι, ξένε των Παραλιμνιωτών είναι μνημείο που πρόσφεραν ζωή, ψυχή ν’ αρδέψουν κι έρωτα γης πατρώας, π’ αντιχαρίζει ανάσταση ως βάφει το γαλάζιο). 

Keywords:

Dimitrakis Christodoulou (Δημητράκης Χριστοδούλου) bust

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Artist: Unknown

Location: Central square, Deryneia. Ammochostos district. 

Material: Marble 

Dimensions: 156 cm x 39 cm x 25 cm

CategoryEOKA 1955-59

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The unveiling of the monument took place on June 12th 1966. In December 2001, Deryneia Municipality authorities decided to reposition the location of the bust within the square, in an effort to harmonise its presence with the rest of the surrounding buildings. That action caused intense complains from the deceased’s family and the local nationalistic union. The solution they proposed was dictated by the rational that busts and monuments in general hold a crucial role in collective memory and should be treated accordingly.  

Selected sources
~ Ιστορικό Αρχείο ΣΙΜΑΕ (Historical Archive of the Board for the Historical Memory of the EOKA 1955-59 struggle), 17.94.7 vol. 7, document January 29, 2002.

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