Tag Archives: Inter-communal conflicts 1967

Memorial to the Pachna Heroes

Evmenios Markantonisn Iordanis Iordanous Vakisn                Evmenios Markantonis                                Iordanis Iordanous Vakis

Nikos Sofokleousn Panikos Symeoun

Nikos Sofokleous                                              Panikos Symeou

Μνημείο Ηρώων Πάχνας (7)n

Artist: Unknown

Location: Pachna community square. Limassol district

Category: ΕΟΚΑ 1955-59, Turkish Invasion, Inter-communal conflicts 1967

Photography: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The archaic stele with the pediment crowning constitutes the central part of the memorial dedicated to all the Pachna dead fighters. On an inserted plaque Konstantinos Kavafis’ verses are noted: “Honor those who in the life they lead define and guard a Thermopylae” (Τιμή σ’ εκείνους όπου στην ζωή των ώρισαν και φυλάγουν Θερμοπύλες).

Its unveiling took place in July 1990. Since then four busts were added commemorating four Pachna individual fighters.

The busts of Evmenios Markantonis (Ευμένιος Μαρκαντώνης), who died during the inter-communal conflicts of 1967, and of Panikos Symeou (Πανίκος Συμεού), who died during the EOKA struggle, were unveiled at the same time with the stele.

The bust of Nikos Sofokleous (Νίκος Σοφοκλέους), who died during the EOKA struggle, was made by Philippos Yapanis and was unveiled on October 15, 2006.

The bust of Iordanis Iordanous Vakis (Ιορδάνης Ιορδάνους Βάκης), who died during the Turkish invasion, was also made by Philippos Yiapanis and was unveiled on October 11th 2009.


“Evmenios Panayiotou” (Ευμένιος Παναγιώτου) Memorial to the Commandos



Artist: Nikolaos Kotziamanis 

Location: Nicosia-Limasol highway, location ‘Ipsoma 124’, Kofinou. Larnaka district. 

Dimensions: 3.50 meters 

Category: Inter-communal conflicts 1967

Photography: Adrienne Christiansen 

The memorial was commissioned by the Limassol Commandos association, and the Larnaka and Limassol communities union. The focal part of it is Sergeant Evmenios Panayiotou statue. The unveiling took place on December 8th 2002.

It is important to note that Evmenios Panayiotou is found with the name of Markantonis in some memorials. 

Selected sources:
Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 30, 2002, p. 4.
~ Αρχείο Συμβουλευτικής Επιτροπής Μνημείων Υπουργείου Παιδείας & Πολιτισμού (Advisory Monuments’ Committee), 14.3.01, Meeting Minutes October 2, 1997; documents February 25, 1998; June 16, 2001.


Memorial to Archbishop Makarios III and to the dead fighters from Pafos


Artist: Apostolos Fanakidis

Place: Georgios Grivas Digenis Avenue, entrance of Pafos city. Pafos district.

Material: Stone

Dimensions: 5 x 5 meters (the head of Makarios)

Category: Cypriot Church, Public Figures, EOKA 1955-59, Inter-communal conflicts 1963-64, Inter-communal conflicts 1967, 1974 Coup, Turkish Invasion

Photograph: Evangelia Matthopoulou

The memorial was commissioned in 1992 by a private committee for the Makarios III-Resistance Memorial. Around Makarios’ over-sized head a series of plaques bear the names of all the dead fighters from Pafos since 1955. The unveiling took place on June 16th 1996. 

Selected sources
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), December 8, 1991, p. 10.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), November 20, 1994, p. 31.
~ Φιλελεύθερος (Fileleftheros), June 17, 1996, p. 3. 
~ Αρχείο Δήμου Πάφου (Pafos Municipality Archive), 12.96, documents December 11, 1992; June 8, 1993; June 2, 1994; November 30, 1995; November 6, 1996; November 29, 2006; February 1999; Meeting Minutes December 10, 1992.